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Black-shouldered Kite

Elanus caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789)

The Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) is a small diurnal bird of prey in the family Accipitridae best known for its habit of hovering over open grasslands in the manner of the much smaller kestrels. This Eurasian and African species was sometimes combined with the Australian Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus axillaris) and the White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus) of North and South America which together form a superspecies. This kite is distinctive, with long-wings, white, grey and black plumage and owl like forward-facing eyes with red irises. Although mainly seen on the plains, they are sometimes seen on grassy slopes of hills in the higher elevation regions of Asia. They are not migratory, but make short-distance movements in response to weather. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
  Elanus

Scientific:
  Elanus caeruleus

Citation:
  (Desfontaines, 1789)

Reference:
  Hist.Acad.R.Sci.Paris(1787) p.503 pl.15

Protonym:
  Falco caeruleus

Avibase ID:
  97C47F3E1BA4129A

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/97C47F3E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175284

Geographic range:

  • Elanus caeruleus caeruleus: SW Iberian Peninsula, Africa and sw Arabia
  • Elanus caeruleus vociferus: Pakistan to e China, Indochina and Malay Peninsula
  • Elanus caeruleus hypoleucus (hypoleucus): Greater and Lesser Sundas, Sulawesi and Philippines
  • Elanus caeruleus hypoleucus (wahgiensis): New Guinea
English:
Black-shouldered Kite
Czech:
luněc šedý
German:
Gleitaar
Danish:
Blå Glente
Spanish:
Elanio Común
Finnish:
liitohaukka
French:
Élanion blanc
Icelandic:
Völsungur
Italian:
Nibbio bianco
Japanese:
katagurotobi
Japanese:
カタグロトビ
Dutch:
Grijze Wouw
Norwegian:
Svartvingeglente
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartvengglente
Polish:
kaniuk
Portuguese:
Peneireiro-cinzento
Portuguese (Brazil):
Gavião-peneira
Russian:
Чернокрылый дымчатый коршун
Slovak:
luniak sivý
Swedish:
svartvingad glada
Ukrainian:
Шуліка чорноплечий
Chinese:
黑翅鸢


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Élanion blac ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Élanion blac ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black-shouldered Kite ( Elanus caeruleus)
James Lee Peters:
Elanus caeruleus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Elanus caeruleus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Elanus caeruleus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Black-winged Kite ( Elanus caeruleus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Elanus caeruleus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Elanus caeruleus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Elanus [caeruleus, axillaris or leucurus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Blouvalk, Blouvalk (Blouvalkie)
Arabic: الحدأة سوداء الكتف
Bulgarian: Пепелява каничка, Пепелява каня
Bengali: কাটুয়া চিল
Catalan: Elani comú, Esparver d'espatlles negres
Czech: Lunec šedý, Luněc šedý, lunìc šedý
Danish: Blå Glente
German: Gleitaar
Greek: Ελανος, Έλανος
Greek (Cypriot): Ελανος
English: black-shouldered hawk, Blackshouldered Kite, Black-shouldered Kite, Black-shouldered Kite (nominate group), Black-shouldered Kite [nominate group], Black-winged Kite, Common Black-shouldered Kite, Indonesian Kite
English (Australia): Black-shouldered Kite (Eurasian)
English (United Kingdom): Black-winged Kite
English (India): Black-shouldered Kite (Black-winged Kite)
English (IOC): Black-winged Kite
English (Kenya): African Black-shouldered Kite
Spanish: Elanio azul, Elanio coliblanco, Elanio Común, Elanio de Alas Negras, Milano hombros negros
Spanish (Costa Rica): Elanio coliblanco
Spanish (Spain): Elanio Común
Spanish (HBW): Elanio común
Spanish (Honduras): Milano hombros negros
Spanish (Mexico): milano cola-blanca
Estonian: austraalia hõbehaugas, hõbehaugas
Basque: Elano urdina, Esparver d'espatlles negres
Persian: کورکور بال‌سیاه
Finnish: Liitohaukka
French: Élanion blac, Elanion blanc, Élanion blanc
Galician: Esparver d'espatlles negres, Lagarteiro cincento
Hebrew: דאה שחורת כתף, דאה שחורת־כתף, דאה שחורת-כתף, דיה שחורת־כתף
Croatian: Bijela lunja
Hungarian: kuhi
Armenian: Սևաթև ցին
Indonesian: Alap-alap putih, Alap-alap tikus, Burung Elang Tikus, Elang tikus, Taga
Icelandic: Völsungur
Italian: Nibbio bianco
Japanese: Haguro-tobi, kata-guro tobi, katagurotobi, Kataguro-tobi, o-sutorariakatagurotobi
Japanese: カタグロトビ
Japanese (Kanji): 肩黒鳶
Georgian: ფრთაშავი ლურჯი ძერა
Korean: 검은죽지솔개
Kwangali: Tuyu
Scientific: Elanus caeruleus, Elanus caeruleus [caruleus], Elanus caeruleus caeruleus, Falco caeruleus
Luxembourgish: Wäisse Milan
Lithuanian: Mėlynasis peslys, Paprastasis palšasis peslys
Latvian: melnplecu klīja
Malayalam: വെളളി എറിയൻ, വെള്ളി എറിയന്‍ 
Malay: Burung Helang Tikus, Burung Lang Bahu Hitam, Burung Lang Tikus, Helang Tikus
Dutch: Grijze Wouw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartvengglente
Norwegian: Svartvingeglente
Polish: kaniuk, kaniuk (zwyczajny), Kaniuk czarnoskrzydły, Kaniuk zwyczajny
Pinyin: hēi-chì yuān
Portuguese: peneireiro cinzento, Peneireiro-cinzento
Portuguese (Brazil): Gavião-peneira
Portuguese (Portugal): Peneireiro-cinzento
Romansh: milan da las alas nairas
Romanian: Gaie cenuşie
Russian: Дымчатый коршун, Коршун дымчатый, Коршун чернокрылый, Чернокрылый дымчатый коршун, черноплечий коршун
Sindhi: ٽ ٽًٍ ثبڃ ا يٌٓ
Slovak: Luniak sivý
Slovenian: Lebduh, sinji lebduh
Shona: Rukodzi
Serbian: Bela lunja, siva lunja
Siswant: Lohheyane
Sotho, Southern: Phakoana-mafieloana
Swedish: Svartvingad glada
Swahili: Mwewe-kipupwe
Tamil: Siria Karum Parundhu
Thai: เหยี่ยวขาว
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw kʰăaw
Tswana: Phakalane
Turkish: Ak Çaylak, Beyaz çaylak
Tsonga: Nwarikapanyana
Ukrainian: Шуліка чорноплечий
Vietnamese: Chim Diều trắng, Diều trắng
Xhosa: Umdlampuku
Chinese: 黑翅鳶, 黑翅鸢
Chinese (Traditional): 黑翅鳶, 黑翅鳶〔黑肩鳶〕
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 黑翅鳶
Chinese (Taiwan): 黑翅鸢

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