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Grey or Timneh Parrot

Psittacus [erithacus or timneh] (= Psittacus erithacus) Linnaeus, C 1758

The grey parrot, also known as the Congo grey parrot, Congo African grey parrot or African grey parrot, is an Old World parrot in the family Psittacidae. The Timneh parrot (Psittacus timneh) once was identified as a subspecies of the grey parrot, but has since been elevated to a full species. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Psittacidae
Genus:
   Psittacus
Scientific:
  Psittacus erithacus


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.99

Protonym:
  Psittacus erithacus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727006


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  99B98FCAFEEEA505

Avibase ID:
  avibase-99B98FCA

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/99B98FCA


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 177608

Geographic range:

  • Psittacus erithacus erithacus: Ivory Coast to Kenya, Tanzania, Príncipe, São Tomé and Bioko
  • Psittacus erithacus princeps: Príncipe I. (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Psittacus timneh: S Guinea to Sierra Leone, Liberia, Mali and w Ivory Coast
English:
Grey or Timneh Parrot
French:
Perroquet jaco ou P. de Timneh


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Grey or Timneh Parrot ( Psittacus [erithacus or timneh])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Perroquet jaco ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Perroquet jaco ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Gray Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Psittacus erithacus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Psittacus erithacus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Psittacus erithacus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Psittacus erithacus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Psittacus erithacus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Catalan: Lloro gris
Czech: Papoušek šedý, papoušek žako, žako šedý
Danish: Gråpapegøje
German: Graupapagei
English: African Gray Parrot, African Grey Parrot, Gray Parrot, Grey or Timneh Parrot, Grey Parrot
English, HBW: Grey/Timneh Parrot
English (IOC): Grey/Timneh Parrot
English (Kenya): Grey Parrot
English (United States): Gray Parrot
Esperanto: Griza papago
Spanish: Cotorra Africana, Loro Yaco
Spanish (Spain): Loro Yaco
Spanish (HBW): Gray Parrot
Estonian: hallpapagoi
Finnish: Harmaapapukaija
French: Jacko, Perroquet gris, Perroquet gris du Gabon, Perroquet jaco, Perroquet jaco ou P. de Timneh
Irish: Pearóid liath, pearóid liath Afracach
Guadeloupean Creole French: Gris du Gabon
Hungarian: jákópapagáj
Icelandic: Grápáfi
Italian: Pappagallo cenerino, Pappagallo grigio
Japanese (romaji): youmu
Japanese: ヨウム
Scientific: Psittacus [erithacus or timneh], Psittacus erithacus, Psittacus erithacus erithacus
Lithuanian: Pilkoji papūga
Dutch: Grijze Roodstaartpapegaai
Norwegian Nynorsk: Jako
Norwegian: Jako, Jakopapegøye
Polish: zako, żako
Portuguese: Papagaio-cinzento, papagaio-do-congo
Portuguese (Portugal): Papagaio-cinzento
Russian: жако, Краснохвостый жако, Серый попугай
Northern Sami: Grå Jacko
Slovak: Papagáj sivý, papagáj sivý (žako)
Serbian: Sivi papagaj (žako), Žako papagaj
Swedish: Grå jacko, grå/västlig jako
Swahili: Kasuku
Turkish: Afrika gri papağanı
Ukrainian: Папуга сірий, або жако
Chinese: 非洲灰鹦鹉
Chinese (Traditional): 灰鸚鵡

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