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Jackass Penguin

Spheniscus demersus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus), also known as the Black-footed Penguin is a species of penguin, confined to southern African waters. It is also widely known as the "Jackass" Penguin for its donkey-like bray, although several related species of South American penguins produce the same sound. Like all penguins it is flightless, with a streamlined body, and wings stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine habitat. Adults weigh on average 2.2–3.5 kg (4.9–7.7 lb) and are 60–70 cm (24–28 in) tall. It has distinctive pink patches of skin above the eyes and a black facial mask; the body upperparts are black and sharply delineated from the white underparts, which are spotted and marked with a black band. This pink gland above their eyes helps them to cope with changing climates. When the temperature gets hotter, the body of the African Penguin sends more blood to these glands to be cooled by the air surrounding it. This then causes the gland to turn a darker shade of pink. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Sphenisciformes
Family:
  Spheniscidae
Genus:
  Spheniscus

Scientific:
  Spheniscus demersus

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.132

Protonym:
  Diomedea demersa

Avibase ID:
  9B183BDD66511DD8

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/9B183BDD

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174462


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Spheniscus demersus: Coasts and islands off Namibia, South Africa and adj. waters
English:
Jackass Penguin
Czech:
tučňák brýlový
German:
Brillenpinguin
Danish:
Æselpingvin
Spanish:
Pingüino de El Cabo
Finnish:
afrikanpingviini
French:
Manchot du Cap
Icelandic:
Gleraugnamörgæs
Italian:
Pinguino africano
Japanese:
ke-pupengin
Japanese:
ケープペンギン
Dutch:
Zwartvoetpinguïn
Norwegian:
Kappingvin
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kappingvin
Polish:
pingwin przyladkowy
Portuguese:
Pinguim do cabo
Russian:
Очковый пингвин
Slovak:
tučniak okuliarnatý
Swedish:
sydafrikansk pingvin
Ukrainian:
Пінгвін африканський
Chinese:
南非企鹅


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Manchot du Cap ( Spheniscus demersus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Manchot du Cap ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 1st edition:
Cape Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Cape Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 4th edition:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements, version 2015:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements, version 2016:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements, version 2017:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements, version 2018:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Clements, version 2019:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 1.50:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 1.52:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 1.53:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 1.54:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 1.55:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 2015:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 2016:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 2017:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 2018:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
eBird version 2019:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
African Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
James Lee Peters:
Spheniscus demersus
James Lee Peters (original):
Spheniscus demersus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Spheniscus demersus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Jackass Penguin ( Spheniscus demersus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus demersus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus demersus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Brilpikkewyn, Brilpikkewyn (Afrikapikkewyn)
Bulgarian: Очилат пингвин
Catalan: Pingüí del Cap
Czech: Tucnák brýlový, tučňák brýlový
Danish: Æselpingvin, Brillepingvin
German: Brillenpinguin
English: African Penguin, Black-footed Pangu, Black-footed Pengu, Cape Penguin, Jackass Penguin
English (IOC): African Penguin
Spanish: Pingüino de Anteojos, Pingüino de El Cabo, Pingüino del cabo
Spanish (Argentine): Pingüino del cabo
Spanish (Spain): Pingüino del Cabo
Spanish (HBW): African Penguin
Estonian: aafrika pingviin (prillpingviin)
Finnish: Afrikanpingviini
French: Manchot du Cap
Irish: Piongain chosdubh
Hebrew: פינגווין בינוני
Croatian: Magarasti pingvin
Hungarian: pápaszemes pingvin
Icelandic: Gleraugnamörgæs
Italian: Pinguino africano, Pinguino del Capo, Sfenisco demerso
Japanese: keapupengin, ke-pupengin
Japanese: ケアプペンギン, ケープペンギン
Scientific: Diomedea demersa, Spheniscus demersus
Lithuanian: Akiniuotasis pingvinas
Dutch: Zwartvoetpinguïn
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kappingvin
Norwegian: Kappingvin, Kapp-pingvin
Polish: pingwin przyladkowy, pingwin przylądkowy, Pingwin toniec
Portuguese: Pinguim do cabo, Pinguim-do-cabo
Russian: очковый пингвин
Slovak: Tučniak okuliarnatý
Slovenian: Ocalasti pingvin
Serbian: Magarasti pingvin
Swedish: Sydafrikansk pingvin
Turkish: Gözlüklü Penguen, Kap Pengueni
Ukrainian: Пінгвін африканський
Xhosa: Inguza
Chinese: 南非企鹅
Chinese (Traditional): 斑嘴環企鵝

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