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Mountain Hawk-Eagle

Nisaetus nipalensis Hodgson, BH 1836

The mountain hawk-eagle or Hodgson's hawk-eagle, is a large bird of prey native to Asia. The latter name is in reference to the naturalist, Brian Houghton Hodgson, who described the species after collecting one himself in the Himalayas. A less widely recognized common English name is the feather-toed eagle. Like all eagles, it is in the family Accipitridae. Its feathered tarsus marks this species as a member of the subfamily Aquilinae. It is a confirmed breeding species in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, from India, Nepal through Bangladesh to Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan, although its distribution could be wider still as breeding species. Like other Asian hawk-eagles, this species was earlier treated under the genera of Spizaetus but genetic studies have shown this group to be paraphyletic, resulting in the Old World members being placed in Nisaetus and separated from the New World species. As is typical of hawk-eagles, the mountain hawk-eagle is a forest dwelling opportunistic predator who readily varies its prey selection between birds, mammals and reptiles along with other vertebrates. Although classified currently as a least-concern species due its persistence over a rather wide distribution, this species is often quite rare and scarce and seems to be decreasing, especially in response to large-scale habitat degradation and deforestation. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Nisaetus
Scientific:
  Nisaetus nipalensis


Original description

Citation:
  Hodgson, BH 1836

Reference:
   J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 5 p.229 pl.7

Protonym:
  Nisaëtus Nipalensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37188326


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  9EA9701E15583955

Avibase ID:
  avibase-9EA9701E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/9EA9701E


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824098

Geographic range:

  • Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis: India to e China, Taiwan, Indochina and Malay Peninsula
  • Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis: Japan
English:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Catalan:
Àguila de muntanya
Czech:
orel horský
Danish:
Bjerghøgeørn
German:
Berghaubenadler
Spanish:
Águila montañesa
Spanish (Spain):
Águila Montañesa
Finnish:
mahtijalokotka
French:
Aigle montagnard
Croatian:
planinski orao
Hungarian:
hegyi vitézsas
Icelandic:
Nepalörn
Italian:
Aquilastore montano
Japanese (romaji):
kumataka
Japanese:
クマタカ
Lithuanian:
Kalninis peslinis erelis
Dutch:
Aziatische Kuifarend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Fjellskogørn
Norwegian:
Fjellskogørn
Polish:
wojownik górski
Portuguese:
Gavião-montês
Russian:
Хохлатый орёл
Slovak:
orlovec hnedosivý
Serbian:
Planinski jastrebasti orao
Swedish:
berghökörn
Ukrainian:
Орел-чубань гірський
Chinese:
鹰雕
Chinese (Traditional):
熊鷹


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle (Mountain) ( Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis/orientalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle (Mountain) ( Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis/orientalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Nisaetus nipalensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ঩া঴াচড় চ঱কমযিইগর
Bengali (transliteration): pāhāṛi śikarē'īgala
Catalan: Àguila astor muntanyenca, Àguila de muntanya
Czech: orel horský
Welsh: Gwalcheryr Hodgson
Danish: Bjerghøgeørn
German: Bergadler, Berghaubenadler, Nepalhaubenadler
English: Hodgson's hawk eagle, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Mountain Hawk-Eagle (Mountain)
English, HBW: Mountain Hawk-eagle (Mountain)
English (IOC): Mountain Hawk-Eagle
English (United States): Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Esperanto: Monta nizaglo
Spanish: Águila montañesa, Aguila-azor Montañesa, Águila-azor montañesa
Spanish (Spain): Águila Montañesa
Spanish (HBW): Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Estonian: mägi-tuttkotkas
Finnish: mahtijalokotka
French: Aigle montagnard, Aigle montagnard (nipalensis)
Irish: Iolar seabhaic sléibhe
Galician: Gabián montés
Croatian: planinski orao
Hungarian: hegyi vitézsas
Icelandic: Nepalörn
Italian: Aquilastore montano
Japanese (romaji): Kumataka, Kuma-taka
Japanese: クマタカ
Japanese (Kanji): 熊鷹
Mongolian, Halh: филиппин бүргэд
Kazakh: айдарлы бүркіт, айдарлы қыран
Korean: 뿔매
Korean (Transliteration): ppul-mae
Kirghiz: үрпөк бүркүт
Scientific: Nisaetus nipalensis, Nisaëtus Nipalensis, Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis, Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis/orientalis, Spizaetus nipalensis, Spizaetus nipalensis nipalensis
Lithuanian: Kalninis peslinis erelis
Latvian: kalnu vanagērglis
Mongolian: Уулын согсоот бүргэд, Уулын согсоотбүргэд, филиппин бүргэд
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠠᠭᠣᠯᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠦᠬᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хөхөлт бүргэд
Mongolian (Transliteration): khökhölt bürged, uuliŋ sogsoot-bürged
Malay: Burung Hindik Lang Gunung, Burung Lang Gunung
Nepali: पहाडी शदलचील
Dutch: Aziatische Kuifarend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Fjellskogørn
Norwegian: Fjellskogørn
Polish: wojownik górski
Pinyin: hè-shì jiǎo yīng, xióng-yīng, yīng-diāo
Portuguese: Águia-açor-da-montanha, Gavião-montês
Portuguese (Portugal): águia-gavião-montesa
Rhaeto-Romance: Evla da muntogna
Russian: Восточный хохлатый орёл, Горный хохлатый орёл, Горый хохлатый орел, Орел хохлатый, Хохлатый орел, Хохлатый орёл
Northern Sami: Várregoaskin
Slovak: orlovec hnedosivý
Serbian: Planinski jastrebasti orao
Swedish: Berghökörn
Thai: เหยี่ยวภูเขา
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw pʰuu-kʰăw
Turkish: Dağ atmacakartalı, Nepal atmaca kartalı
Ukrainian: Орел-чубань гірський
Vietnamese: Chim Diều núi, Diều núi
Chinese: 赫氏角鹰, 鹰, 鹰雕
Chinese (Traditional): 熊鷹, 熊鷹〔赫氏角鷹〕, 赫氏角鷹, 鷹鵰, 鹰鵰
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 熊鷹
Chinese (Taiwan): 熊鹰

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