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American Harrier

Circus hudsonius (Linnaeus, 1766)

The Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus) or Northern Harrier (in the Americas) is a bird of prey. It breeds throughout the northern parts of the northern hemisphere in Canada and the northernmost USA, and in northern Eurasia. This species is polytypic, with two subspecies. Marsh Hawk is a historical name for the American form. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
  Circus

Scientific:
  Circus hudsonius

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.12 p.128

Protonym:
  Falco hudsonius

Avibase ID:
  A091D50AA92D949C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A091D50A

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175431

Geographic range:

  • Circus hudsonius: Widespread North America; winters to n South America
English:
American Harrier
German:
Hudsonweihe
Danish:
Amerikansk Kærhøg
Spanish:
Aguilucho de Hudson
Finnish:
amerikansinisuohaukka
French:
Busard des marais
Icelandic:
Arnheiðir
Italian:
Albanella americana
Japanese:
amerikachuuhi
Japanese:
アメリカチュウヒ
Dutch:
Amerikaanse Blauwe Kiekendief
Norwegian:
mørkmyrhauk
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Mørkmyrhauk
Polish:
blotniak amerykanski
Portuguese:
Tartaranhão-azulado
Russian:
Американский лунь
Slovak:
kaňa americká
Swedish:
amerikansk kärrhök
Chinese:
北鹞


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Marsh Hawk ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 1.52:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 1.53:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 1.54:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 1.55:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 2015:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 2016:
Northern Harrier (American) ( Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
eBird version 2017:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
American Harrier ( Circus hudsonius) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Northern Harrier ( Circus hudsonius)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Circus cyaneus hudsonius [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Circus [cyaneus or hudsonius] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Bulgarian: Американски полски блатар
Catalan: Arpella pàl·lida americana
Danish: Amerikansk Kærhøg
German: Hudsonweihe
English: American Harrier, Marsh harrier, Marsh Hawk, North American Northern Harrier , Northern Harrier, Northern Harrier (American)
English (IOC): Northern Harrier
Spanish: Aguilucho Americano, Aguilucho de Hudson, Gavilán de Ciénaga, gavilán rastrero, Gavilán Sabanero
Spanish (Costa Rica): Aguilucho Norteño
Spanish (Cuba): Gavilán Sabanero
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gavilán de Ciénaga, Gavilán Sabanero
Spanish (Spain): Aguilucho de Hudson
Spanish (HBW): Northern Harrier
Spanish (Mexico): gavilán rastrero
Spanish (Panama): Aguilucho Norteño
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Gavilán de Ciénaga
Spanish (Venezuela): Aguilucho Pálido
Estonian: ameerika loorkull
Finnish: amerikansinisuohaukka
Faroese: Amerikanskur fenheykur
French: Busard, Busard d'Amérique, Busard des marais, Busard Saint-Martin (Amérique), Saint-Martin d'Amérique
French (AOU): Busard des marais
Haitian Creole French: Gwo Malfini savann
Icelandic: Arnheiðir
Italian: Albanella americana
Japanese: amerikachuuhi, amerikahaiirochuuhi, haiirochuuhi (hudsonius)
Japanese: アメリカチュウヒ, アメリカハイイロチュウヒ, ハイイロチュウヒ (hudsonius)
Scientific: Circus cyaneus hudsonius, Circus hudsonius, Circus uliginosus, Falco hudsonius
Dutch: Amerikaanse Blauwe Kiekendief, Blauwe Kiekendief (Amerikaans)
Norwegian Nynorsk: Mørkmyrhauk
Norwegian: mørkmyrhauk
Polish: blotniak amerykanski, błotniak amerykański
Portuguese: Tartaranhão-azulado
Portuguese (Portugal): Tartaranhão-cinzento-americano
Russian: Американский лунь
Slovak: kaňa americká
Serbian: Američka poljska eja
Swedish: amerikansk kärrhök
Chinese: 北鹞
Chinese (Traditional): 北方澤鵟

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