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Grey Parrot

Psittacus erithacus Linnaeus, 1758

The African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), also known as the Grey Parrot, is a parrot found in the primary and secondary rainforest of West and Central Africa. Experts regard it as one of the most intelligent birds in the world. They feed primarily on palm nuts, seeds, fruits, and leafy matter, but have also been observed eating snails. Their overall gentle nature and their inclination and ability to mimic speech have made them popular pets, which has led many to be captured from the wild and sold into the pet trade. The African Grey Parrot is listed on CITES Appendix II, which restricts trade of wild-caught species because wild populations cannot sustain trapping for the pet trade. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Psittacidae
Genus:
  Psittacus

Scientific:
  Psittacus erithacus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.99

Protonym:
  Psittacus erithacus

Avibase ID:
  A20878F0EBC3724F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A20878F0

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177608


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Psittacus erithacus erithacus: Ivory Coast to Kenya, Tanzania, Príncipe, São Tomé and Bioko
  • Psittacus erithacus princeps: Príncipe I. (Gulf of Guinea)
English:
Grey Parrot
Czech:
papoušek žako
German:
Graupapagei
Danish:
Gråpapegøje
Spanish:
Loro Yaco
Finnish:
harmaapapukaija
French:
Perroquet jaco
Italian:
Pappagallo cenerino
Japanese:
youmu
Japanese:
ヨウム
Dutch:
Grijze Roodstaartpapegaai
Norwegian:
Jako
Polish:
zako
Portuguese:
papagaio-do-congo
Russian:
Жако
Slovak:
papagáj sivý (žako)
Swedish:
Grå jacko
Ukrainian:
Папуга сірий, або жако
Chinese:
非洲灰鹦鹉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Gray Parrot (Gray) ( Psittacus erithacus erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Grey Parrot ( Psittacus erithacus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Psittacus erithacus erithacus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Psittacus [erithacus or timneh] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Catalan: Lloro gris, Lloro gris cua-roig
Czech: papoušek žako
Danish: Gråpapegøje
German: Graupapagei
English: Gray Parrot, Gray Parrot (Gray), Grey Parrot, Grey Parrot (nominate)
English (Kenya): Grey Parrot
Spanish: Loro yaco
Spanish (Spain): Loro Yaco
Estonian: hallpapagoi
Finnish: harmaapapukaija
French: Perroquet jaco, Perroquet jaco (nominal), Perroquet jaco (nominale), Perroquet jaco (race nominale)
Irish: Pearóid liath
Guadeloupean Creole French: Gris du Gabon
Hungarian: jákópapagáj
Italian: Pappagallo cenerino
Japanese: youmu
Japanese: ヨウム
Scientific: Psittacus erithacus, Psittacus erithacus erithacus
Lithuanian: Pilkoji papūga
Dutch: Grijze Roodstaartpapegaai
Norwegian: Jako
Polish: zako
Portuguese: papagaio-do-congo
Portuguese (Portugal): Papagaio-cinzento
Russian: Жако
Northern Sami: Grå Jacko
Slovak: papagáj sivý (žako)
Serbian: Žako papagaj
Swedish: Grå jacko
Swahili: Kasuku
Ukrainian: Папуга сірий, або жако
Chinese: 非洲灰鹦鹉
Chinese (Traditional): 灰鸚鵡

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