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Steppe Eagle

Aquila nipalensis Hodgson, 1833

The steppe eagle is a large bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. The steppe eagle's well-feathered legs illustrate it to be a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, also known as the "booted eagles". This species was once considered to be closely related to the non-migratory tawny eagle and the two forms have previously been treated as conspecific. They were split based on pronounced differences in morphology and anatomy; two molecular studies, each based on a very small number of genes, indicate that the species are distinct but disagree over how closely related they are. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Aquila
Scientific:
  Aquila nipalensis


Original description

Citation:
  Hodgson, 1833

Reference:
  As.Res. p.13 pl.1

Protonym:
  Circaëtus nipalensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43120972


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  A635F56542EE0C16

Avibase ID:
  avibase-A635F565

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A635F565


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 558729


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Aquila nipalensis nipalensis: Altai Mts. to Tibet and Manchuria; winters India to se China
  • Aquila nipalensis orientalis: Central Eurasia; winters to Middle East, Arabia and s Africa
English:
Steppe Eagle
Catalan:
Àguila d'estepa
Czech:
orel stepní
Danish:
Steppeørn
German:
Steppenadler
Spanish:
Águila Esteparia
Spanish (Spain):
Águila Esteparia
Finnish:
arokotka
French:
Aigle des steppes
Croatian:
Stepski orao
Hungarian:
Pusztai sas
Icelandic:
Steppuörn
Italian:
Aquila delle steppe
Japanese (romaji):
sougenwashi
Japanese:
ソウゲンワシ
Lithuanian:
Nepalinis erelis
Dutch:
Steppearend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Steppeørn
Norwegian:
Steppeørn
Polish:
orzeł stepowy
Portuguese:
Águia-das-estepes
Russian:
Степной орёл
Slovak:
orol stepný
Serbian:
Stepski orao
Swedish:
stäppörn
Ukrainian:
Орел степовий
Chinese:
草原雕
Chinese (Traditional):
歐亞草原鵰


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle des steppes ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle des steppes ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Aquila [rapax, vindhiana or nipalensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аЧа Уарба(жә)
Afrikaans: Steppearend, Steppe-arend
Arabic: عقاب البادية, عقاب السهوب, عقاب السهول
Asturian: Águila la estepa
Azerbaijani: bozqır qartalı, çöl qaraquşu, Çöl qartalı
Bashkir: дала бөркөтө, ялан бөркөтө
Belarusian: Cтэпавы арол, Арол стэпавы, Стэпавы арол
Bulgarian: Азиатски степен орел, Степен орел
Bengali: নেপালী ঈগল, হন঩াচর িইগর
Bengali (transliteration): nēpāli īgala
Breton: Erer-stepennoù
Catalan: Àguila d'estepa
Czech: orel stepní
Chuvash: çеçен хир ăмăрт кайăкĕ, çеçенхир ăмăрткайăкĕ
Welsh: Eryr rheibus y diffeithwch
Danish: Østlig Steppeørn, Steppeørn
German: Raubadler, Steppenadler
Greek: Στεπαετός
English: Eastern Steppe Eagle, Steppe Eagle
English, HBW: Steppe Eagle
English (IOC): Steppe Eagle
English (Kenya): Steppe Eagle
English (United States): Steppe Eagle
Esperanto: Stepaglo
Spanish: Aguila Esteparia, Águila Esteparia, Aguila Rapáz, Águila rapaz
Spanish (Spain): Águila Esteparia
Spanish (HBW): Águila esteparia
Estonian: kõnnukotkas, stepikotkas
Persian: عقاب صحرایی
Finnish: Arokotka, savannikotka
French: Aigle des steppes
Frisian: Steppe-earn
Irish: Iolar steipe
Galician: Aguia das estepas, Aguia esteparia
Hebrew: עיט ערבות
Croatian: Stepski orao
Hungarian: Pusztai sas
Armenian: [Tapastanayin Artsiv ], Տափաստանային Արծիվ
Icelandic: Steppuörn
Italian: Aquila delle steppe, Aquila rapace
Japanese (romaji): sōgen washi, sougenwashi
Japanese: ソウゲンワシ
Japanese (Kanji): 草原鷲
Georgian: ველის არწივი
Kara-Kalpak: дала бүркити, қарақус
Kabardian: бгъащхъуэ
Mongolian, Halh: бүргэд
Kazakh: дала бүркіті, Дала қыраны, қыранқара, шөл бүркіті
Kazakh (Transliteration): dala qıranı
Korean: 초원수리
Korean (Transliteration): chowon-suri
Karachay-Balkar: аран къуш, тюз къуш
North Karelian: arokokko
Kirghiz: кара куш, талаа бүркүтү, чөл бүркүтү
Scientific: Aquila bifasciata, Aquila nipalensis, Aquila nipalensis nipalensis, Aquila rapax nipalensis
Luxembourgish: Steppenadeler
Lithuanian: Nepalinis erelis, Stepinis erelis
Latvian: Stepes ērglis
Macedonian: степски орел
Malayalam: കായൽപ്പരുന്ത്
Mongolian: бүргэд, Тарважи бүргэд, Тарважы бүргэд
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠲᠠᠷᠪᠠᠵᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠲᠠᠰ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Тас бүргэд, Тураг тас
Mongolian (Transliteration): tarvaji bürged, tas burged, turag tas
Moldavian: Acvilă de stepă
Marathi: नेपाळी गरुड
Malay: Burung Helang Gurun, Burung Helang Padang, Helang Padang
Nepali: गोमायु महाचील
Dutch: Steppearend, Steppen arend, Steppenarend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Steppeørn
Norwegian: Steppeørn
Polish: orzel stepowy, orzeł stepowy
Pinyin: cǎo-yuán diāo
Portuguese: Águia-das-estepes
Portuguese (Portugal): Águia-das-estepes
Rhaeto-Romance: Evla da la steppa
Romanian: Acvilă de stepă
Russian: Cтепной орел, Восточний степной орёл, Восточный степной орёл, Евразийский Орел, Евразийский степной орёл, Орел степной, Степной орел, Степной орёл, Степняк
Northern Sami: Ádjogoaskin
Slovak: orol stepný
Slovenian: stepski orel
Serbian: Stepski orao
Swedish: Stäppörn
Swahili: Tai-nyika
Tajik: калхоти даштӣ, уқоби даштӣ, уқоби мазорон
Thai: นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าเสต็ป, นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเต็ป, นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเตปป์, นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan yày, nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèep, nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèp
Turkmen: sähra garaguşy
Turkish: Bozkır Kartalı, bozkyr kartaly, Yırtıcı Kartal, Дала қыраны
Tatar: дала бөркете, дала каракошы
Tuvinian: хову эзири
Udmurt: кыр ӧрӟи
Ukrainian: Орел степовий, Степовий орел
Uzbek: ғажир, дашт бургути, қорақуш, чўл бургути
Vietnamese: Chim Đại bàng hung
Kalmyk: теегин һәрд
Xhosa: Ukhozi
Chinese: 草原, 草原雕, 草原鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 歐亞草原鵰, 草原鵰

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