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Steppe Eagle

Aquila nipalensis Hodgson, 1833

The Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) is a bird of prey. It is about 62–81 cm (24–32 in) in length and has a wingspan of 1.65–2.15 m (5.4–7.1 ft). Females, weighing 2.3–4.9 kg (5–10.8 lbs), are slightly larger than males, at 2–3.5 kg (4.4–7.7 lbs). Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. It was once considered to be closely related to the non-migratory Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax) and the two forms have previously been treated as conspecific. They were split based on pronounced differences in morphology and anatomy (Clark, 1992; Olson, 1994; Sangsteret al., 2002); two molecular studies, each based on a very small number of genes, indicate that the species are distinct but disagree over how closely related they are. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
  Aquila

Scientific:
  Aquila nipalensis

Citation:
  Hodgson, 1833

Reference:
  As.Res. 18 pt2 p.13 pl.1

Protonym:
  Aquila nipalensis

Avibase ID:
  A635F56542EE0C16

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A635F565

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 558729


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Aquila nipalensis nipalensis: Altai Mts. to Tibet and Manchuria; winters India to se China
  • Aquila nipalensis orientalis: Central Eurasia; winters to Middle East, Arabia and s Africa
English:
Steppe Eagle
Czech:
orel stepní
German:
Steppenadler
Danish:
Steppeørn
Spanish:
Águila Esteparia
Finnish:
arokotka
French:
Aigle des steppes
Icelandic:
Steppuörn
Italian:
Aquila delle steppe
Japanese:
sougenwashi
Japanese:
ソウゲンワシ
Dutch:
Steppearend
Norwegian:
Steppeørn
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Steppeørn
Polish:
orzeł stepowy
Portuguese:
Águia-das-estepes
Russian:
Степной орёл
Slovak:
orol stepný
Swedish:
stäppörn
Ukrainian:
Орел степовий
Chinese:
草原雕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle des steppes ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle des steppes ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
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IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Steppe Eagle ( Aquila nipalensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila nipalensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Aquila [rapax, vindhiana or nipalensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Steppe-arend
Arabic: عقاب البادية, عقاب السهول
Azerbaijani: Çöl qartalı
Belarusian: Cтэпавы арол, Арол стэпавы
Bulgarian: Степен орел
Bengali: নেপালী ঈগল
Catalan: Àguila d'estepa
Czech: orel stepní
Danish: Østlig Steppeørn, Steppeørn
German: Raubadler, Steppenadler
Greek: Στεπαετός
English: Eastern Steppe Eagle, Steppe Eagle
English (IOC): Steppe Eagle
English (Kenya): Steppe Eagle
Spanish: Aguila Esteparia, Águila Esteparia, Aguila Rapáz, Águila rapaz
Spanish (Spain): Águila Esteparia
Spanish (HBW): Águila esteparia
Estonian: kõnnukotkas, stepikotkas
Persian: عقاب صحرایی
Finnish: Arokotka, savannikotka
French: Aigle des steppes
Hebrew: עיט ערבות
Croatian: Stepski orao
Hungarian: Pusztai sas
Armenian: [Tapastanayin Artsiv ], Տափաստանային Արծիվ
Icelandic: Steppuörn
Italian: Aquila delle steppe, Aquila rapace
Japanese: sōgen washi, sougenwashi
Japanese: ソウゲンワシ
Japanese (Kanji): 草原鷲
Georgian: ველის არწივი
Kazakh: Дала қыраны
Kazakh (Transliteration): dala qıranı
Korean: 초원수리
Korean (Transliteration): chowon-suri
Scientific: Aquila nipalensis, Aquila nipalensis nipalensis, Aquila rapax nipalensis
Lithuanian: Nepalinis erelis, Stepinis erelis
Latvian: Stepes ērglis
Macedonian: степски орел
Malayalam: കായൽപ്പരുന്ത്
Mongolian: Тарважы бүргэд
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠲᠠᠷᠪᠠᠵᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠲᠠᠰ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Тас бүргэд, Тураг тас
Mongolian (Transliteration): tarvaji bürged, tas burged, turag tas
Moldavian: Acvilă de stepă
Malay: Burung Helang Gurun, Burung Helang Padang, Helang Padang
Dutch: Steppearend, Steppen arend, Steppenarend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Steppeørn
Norwegian: Steppeørn
Polish: orzel stepowy, orzeł stepowy
Pinyin: cǎo-yuán diāo
Portuguese: Águia-das-estepes
Portuguese (Portugal): Águia-das-estepes
Romanian: Acvilă de stepă
Russian: Cтепной орел, Восточний степной орёл, Восточный степной орёл, Евразийский Орел, Евразийский степной орёл, Орел степной, Степной орел, Степной орёл, Степняк
Sindhi: ٺبة ٝل اَيي
Slovak: orol stepný
Slovenian: stepski orel
Serbian: Stepski orao
Swedish: Stäppörn
Swahili: Tai-nyika
Thai: นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าเสต็ป, นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเต็ป, นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเตปป์, นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan yày, nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèep, nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèp
Turkish: Bozkır Kartalı, bozkyr kartaly, Yırtıcı Kartal, Дала қыраны
Ukrainian: Орел степовий, Степовий орел
Vietnamese: Chim Đại bàng hung
Xhosa: Ukhozi
Chinese: 草原, 草原雕, 草原鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 歐亞草原鵰, 草原鵰

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