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Common Tern (hirundo)

Sterna hirundo hirundo Linnaeus, 1758




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Sterna
Scientific:
  Sterna hirundo hirundo


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.137

Protonym:
  Sterna Hirundo

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727042


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  A78EF1C82A6F88F4

Avibase ID:
  avibase-A78EF1C8

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A78EF1C8


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176889

Geographic range:

  • Sterna hirundo hirundo: N Am., S Am., Atlantic islands, Europe and w Africa to China
English:
Common Tern (hirundo)
French:
Sterne pierregarin (hirundo)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Tern (hirundo) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 2]
Clements, version 2019:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 2]
eBird version 1.50:
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Tern (Common) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Tern (hirundo) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Tern (hirundo) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Tern (hirundo) ( Sterna hirundo hirundo) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna hirundo hirundo [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: nominal subspecies

This taxon is a subspecies of Sterna hirundo [hirundo or minussensis]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Bulgarian: Речна рибарка (ssp. hirundo)
Catalan: Xatrac comú
Czech: rybák obecný holarktický
German: Flußseeschwalbe (hirundo), Flußseeschwalbe-hirundo, Fluβseeschwalbe (hirundo)
English: Common Tern, Common Tern (Common), Common Tern (hirundo), European Common Tern, Western Common Tern
Spanish: Charrán Común (hirundo), Golondrina de Mar
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Común
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Común (hirundo)
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán Común (hirundo)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Común (hirundo)
Spanish (Uruguay): Golondrina de Mar
Estonian: Jõgitiir
French: Sterne pierregarin, Sterne Pierre-garin, Sterne pierregarin (forme nominale), Sterne pierregarin (hirundo), Sterne pierregarin (nominal), Sterne pierregarin (nominale), Sterne pierregarin (race nominale)
Guadeloupean Creole French: Mauve blanche
Hebrew: שחפית ים (מערבית)
Croatian: Crvenokljuna čigra (subsp. hirundo)
Hungarian: Küszvágó csér (hirundo)
Japanese (romaji): ajisashi (hirundo)
Japanese: アジサシ (hirundo)
Scientific: Sterna Hirundo, Sterna hirundo hirundo
Latvian: Upes zīriņš (hirundo)
Dutch: Visdief (hirundo)
Norwegian: makrellterne (hirundo)
Polish: rybitwa rzeczna (ssp. hirundo)
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-boreal (hirundo)
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivina-comum (hirundo)
Russian: Речная крачка (подвид hirundo)
Slovak: rybár riečny
Swedish: fisktärna (hirundo)
Turkish: Sumru (hirundo)
Ukrainian: Крячок річковий (підвид hirundo)
Chinese: 普通燕鸥(广布)
Chinese (Traditional): 燕鷗(廣布)

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