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White-eyed Gull

Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus (Temminck, 1825)

The White-eyed Gull (Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus) is a small gull which is endemic to the Red Sea. Its closest relative is the Sooty Gull. It is one of the world's rarest gulls, with a population of just 4,000 - 6,500 pairs. The species is classed as Near Threatened by the IUCN; human pressure and oil pollution are deemed the major threats. As is the case with many gulls, it has traditionally been placed in the genus Larus. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Ichthyaetus

Scientific:
  Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus

Citation:
  (Temminck, 1825)

Reference:
  Pl.Col. livr.62 pl.366

Protonym:
  Larus leucophthalmus

Avibase ID:
  A7F240E39F0AD5F9

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/A7F240E3

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824069

Geographic range:

  • Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus: Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba to Gulf of Aden
English:
White-eyed Gull
Czech:
racek bělooký
German:
Weißaugenmöwe
Danish:
Rødehavs-måge
Spanish:
Gaviota Ojiblanca
Finnish:
valkosilmälokki
French:
Goéland à iris blanc
Icelandic:
Sandmáfur
Italian:
Gabbiano occhibianchi
Japanese:
mejirokamome
Japanese:
メジロカモメ
Dutch:
Witoogmeeuw
Norwegian:
Rødehavsmåke
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Raudehavsmåse
Polish:
mewa bialooka
Portuguese:
Gaivota-d'olho-branco
Russian:
Белоглазая чайка
Slovak:
čajka bielooká
Swedish:
vitögd mås
Ukrainian:
Мартин червономорський
Chinese:
白眼鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland à iris blanc ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland à iris blanc ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 1st edition:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 3rd edition:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 4th edition:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements, version 2015:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements, version 2016:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements, version 2017:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements, version 2018:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Clements, version 2019:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 1.50:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 1.52:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 1.53:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 1.54:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 1.55:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 2015:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 2016:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 2017:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 2018:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
eBird version 2019:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
White-eyed Gull ( Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Oriental Bird Club:
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
James Lee Peters:
Larus leucophthalmus
James Lee Peters (original):
Larus leucophthalmus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Larus leucophthalmus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
White-eyed Gull ( Larus leucophthalmus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus leucophthalmus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Catalan: Gavina d'ulls blancs
Czech: Racek belooký, racek bělooký
Danish: Rødehavsmåge, Rødehavs-måge
German: Weissaugenmöve, Weißaugenmöwe
Greek: Λευκόφθαλμος Γλάρος
English: Red Sea Black-headed Gull, White-eyed Gull
English (IOC): White-eyed Gull
Spanish: Gaviota de Ojos Blancos, Gaviota Ojiblanca
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Ojiblanca
Spanish (HBW): Gaviota ojiblanca
Estonian: valgesilm-kajakas
Persian: کاکایی چشم‌سفید
Finnish: Valkosilmälokki
French: Goéland à collier blanc, Goéland à iris blanc
Hebrew: שחף לבן עין, שחף לבן־עין, שחף לבן-עין
Croatian: Belooki galeb
Hungarian: pápaszemes sirály
Icelandic: Sandmáfur
Italian: Gabbiano occhibianchi
Japanese: mejirokamome
Japanese: メジロカモメ
Scientific: Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus, Larus leucophthalmus
Lithuanian: Baltaakis kiras
Latvian: baltacu kaija
Dutch: Witoogmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Raudehavsmåse
Norwegian: Rødehavsmåke
Polish: mewa bialooka, mewa białooka
Portuguese: Gaivota-d'olho-branco
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivota-d'olho-branco
Russian: Белоглазая чайка
Sindhi: ٽبٽبيي ؿٚڈ ٴٕى ي
Slovak: Čajka bielooká
Slovenian: rdečemorski galeb
Serbian: Belooki galeb
Swedish: Vitögd mås
Turkish: Kızıldeniz Martısı, Kyzyldeniz martysy
Ukrainian: Мартин червономорський
Chinese: 白眼鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 白眼鷗

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