Your login:

Password:

Stay signed in

Enter your login name or your email address and click on Send reminder to receive a reminder by email.


Welcome Guest

Hardhead

Aythya australis (Eyton, 1838)

The Hardhead, Aythya australis, (also White-eyed Duck) is the only true diving duck found in Australia. Hardheads are common in the south-east of Australia, particularly in the Murray-Darling Basin, but also in the wetter country near the coasts. They are moderately nomadic in normal years, but disperse widely in times of drought. Significant numbers reach as far afield as New Guinea, New Zealand, and the islands of the Pacific, where they can remain for some time, even breeding for a season or two. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Aythya

Scientific:
  Aythya australis

Citation:
  (Eyton, 1838)

Reference:
  Monogr.Anatidae p.160

Protonym:
  Nyroca australis

Avibase ID:
  ABEF107CAB6BE33B

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/ABEF107C

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175136

Geographic range:

  • Aythya australis: Australia (except driest areas), Tasmania and sw Oceania
English:
Hardhead
Czech:
polák hnědavý
German:
Tasmanmoorente
Danish:
Australsk Taffeland
Spanish:
Porrón Australiano
Finnish:
australiansotka
French:
Fuligule austral
Icelandic:
Dokkönd
Italian:
Moretta australiana
Japanese:
o-sutorariamejirogamo
Japanese:
オーストラリアメジロガモ
Dutch:
Australische Witoogeend
Norwegian:
Australdykkand
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Australdykkand
Polish:
podgorzalka australijska
Portuguese:
Zarro-australiano
Russian:
Австралийский нырок
Slovak:
chochlačka hnedastá
Swedish:
australisk dykand
Ukrainian:
Чернь австралійська
Chinese:
澳洲潜鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Fuligule austral ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Fuligule austral ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Australian White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Australian White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Aythya australis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Nyroca australis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Aythya australis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aythya australis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aythya australis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Morell australià
Czech: Polák hnedavý, polák hnědavý
Danish: Australsk Taffeland
German: Australische Moorente, Tasmanmoorente
English: Australasian White-eye, Australian harhead, Australian Pochard, Australian White-eye, Australian White-eye Duck, Australian White-eyed Duck, Copperhead, Hardhead, White-eyed Duck, White-eyed Hardhead, White-eyed Pochard
English (Australia): Hardhead
English (IOC): Hardhead
Spanish: Pato ojos blanco de Australia, Porrón Australiano
Spanish (Spain): Porrón Australiano
Spanish (HBW): White-eyed Duck
Estonian: austraalia vart
Finnish: Australiansotka
French: Fuligule austral, Fuligule d'Australie, Milouin d‘Australie, Nyroca austral
Irish: Póiseard súilbhán Astrálach
Hungarian: ausztrál cigányréce
Indonesian: Kambangan Australi, Kambangan coklat
Icelandic: Dokkönd
Italian: Moretta australiana
Japanese: oasutorariamejirogamo, o-sutorariamejirogamo
Japanese: オアストラリアメジロガモ, オーストラリアメジロガモ
Scientific: Aythya australis, Aythya australis australis, Nyroca australis
Lithuanian: Australinė šalminė antis
Maori: Karakahia
Dutch: Australische Witoogeend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Australdykkand
Norwegian: Australdykkand
Polish: podgorzalka australijska, podgorzałka australijska
Portuguese: Zarro-australiano
Portuguese (Portugal): Zarro-australiano
Russian: Австралийский нырок
Slovak: Chochlačka hnedastá
Serbian: Australijska patka ronilica
Swedish: Australisk dykand
Turkish: Ak Gözlü Patka
Ukrainian: Чернь австралійська
Chinese: 澳洲潜鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 澳洲潛鴨

Avibase has been visited 287,172,432 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy