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Hardhead
Aythya australis (Eyton, 1838)
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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Aythya

Scientific:
  Aythya australis

Citation:
  (Eyton, 1838)

Reference:
  Monogr.Anatidae p.160

Protonym:
  Nyroca australis

Avibase ID:
  ABEF107CAB6BE33B

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175136

Geographic range:

  • Aythya australis: Australia (except driest areas), Tasmania and sw Oceania
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Hardhead
Czech:
  polák hnědavý
German:
  Tasmanmoorente
Danish:
  Australsk Taffeland
Spanish:
  Porrón Australiano
Finnish:
  australiansotka
French:
  Fuligule austral
Italian:
  Moretta australiana
Japanese:
  o-sutorariamejirogamo
Japanese:
  オーストラリアメジロガモ
Dutch:
  Australische Witoogeend
Norwegian:
  Australdykkand
Polish:
  podgorzalka australijska
Portuguese:
  Zarro-australiano
Russian:
  Австралийский нырок
Slovak:
  chochlačka hnedastá
Swedish:
  australisk dykand
Chinese:
  澳洲潜鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Fuligule austral ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Fuligule austral ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Australian White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Australian White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   White-eyed Duck ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Aythya australis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Nyroca australis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Aythya australis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Hardhead ( Aythya australis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Aythya australis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Aythya australis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Catalan: Morell australià
Czech: Polák hnedavý, polák hnědavý
Danish: Australsk Taffeland
German: Australische Moorente, Tasmanmoorente
English: Australasian White-eye, Australian harhead, Australian Pochard, Australian White-eye, Australian White-eye Duck, Australian White-eyed Duck, Copperhead, Hardhead, White-eyed Duck, White-eyed Hardhead, White-eyed Pochard
English (Australia): Hardhead
Spanish: Pato ojos blanco de Australia, Porrón Australiano
Spanish (Spain): Porrón Australiano
Estonian: austraalia vart
Finnish: Australiansotka
French: Fuligule austral, Fuligule d'Australie, Milouin d‘Australie, Nyroca austral
Irish: Póiseard súilbhán Astrálach
Hungarian: ausztrál cigányréce
Indonesian: Kambangan Australi, Kambangan coklat
Italian: Moretta australiana
Japanese: oasutorariamejirogamo, o-sutorariamejirogamo
Japanese: オアストラリアメジロガモ, オーストラリアメジロガモ
Latin: Aythya australis, Nyroca australis
Lithuanian: Australinė šalminė antis
Maori: Karakahia
Dutch: Australische Witoogeend
Norwegian: Australdykkand
Polish: podgorzalka australijska, podgorzałka australijska
Portuguese: Zarro-australiano
Portuguese (Portugal): Zarro-australiano
Russian: Австралийский нырок
Slovak: Chochlačka hnedastá
Swedish: Australisk dykand
Turkish: Ak Gözlü Patka
Chinese: 澳洲潜鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 澳洲潛鴨

 

         

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