Welcome Guest

Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen

Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis] (= Porphyrio porphyrio) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The western swamphen is a swamphen in the rail family Rallidae, one of the six species of purple swamphen. From the French name talève sultane, it is also known as the sultana bird. This chicken-sized bird, with its large feet, bright plumage and red bill and frontal shield is easily recognisable in its native range. It used to be considered the nominate subspecies of the purple swamphen, but is now recognised as a separate species. The western swamphen is found in wetlands in Spain, Portugal, southeastern France, Italy and northwestern Africa. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Rallidae
Genus:
   Porphyrio
Scientific:
  Porphyrio porphyrio


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.152

Protonym:
  Fulica Porphyrio

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727059


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  AC1E791EF6C92723

Avibase ID:
  avibase-AC1E791E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/AC1E791E


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176390

Geographic range:

  • Porphyrio porphyrio: Iberian Peninsula and northwestern Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Porphyrio madagascariensis: Egypt, Africa south of the Sahara and Madagascar
  • Porphyrio poliocephalus poliocephalus: India to Sri Lanka, southern China, northern Thailand, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. An introduced population in Florida (United States) apparently is this subspecies
  • Porphyrio poliocephalus seistanicus: Iraq and s Iran to Afghanistan, Pakistan and nw India
  • Porphyrio poliocephalus caspius: Caspian Sea to nw Iran and Turkey
  • Porphyrio pulverulentus: Karekelong I. (Talaud Islands) and Philippine Islands
  • Porphyrio melanotus melanotus: Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec and Chatham Is.
  • Porphyrio melanotus bellus: Extreme sw Australia
  • Porphyrio melanotus melanopterus: Moluccas and Lesser Sundas to Aru Islands and New Guinea
  • Porphyrio melanotus pelewensis: Palau Islands (Koror and Anguar)
  • Porphyrio melanotus samoensis: Admiralty Is. to Samoa, New Caledonia, Solomon Is. and Fiji
  • Porphyrio indicus indicus: Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo and Sulawesi
  • Porphyrio indicus viridis: S Myanmar to s Thailand, s China, Malay Pen. and Indochina
  • Show more...
English:
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen
French:
Talève sultane ou T. d'Afrique


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen ( Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Talève sultane ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Talève sultane ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
eBird version 1.50:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
eBird version 2016:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
eBird version 2017:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
eBird version 2018:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
eBird version 2019:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
eBird version 2021:
swamphen sp. ( Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.))
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 2]
Oriental Bird Club:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Purple Swamphen ( Porphyrio porphyrio) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Porphyrio porphyrio [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Grootkoningriethaan
Arabic: دجاجة السلطان, نوع دجاج ماء
Azerbaijani: Soltan toyuğu
Bulgarian: Porphyrio sp.
Bengali: বেগুনি কালেম
Catalan: Gall faver, Polla blava, Polla blava comuna
Catalan (Balears): Gall faver
Cebuano: karab-abuhon
Czech: Slípka modrá, slípka sp.
Danish: Sultanhøne, Sultanhøne sp.
German: Porphyrio, unbestimmt, Purpurhuhn, Purpurhuhn, unbestimmt, Purpurralle
Greek: Σουλτανοπουλάδα
Greek (Cypriot): Σουλτανοπουλλάδα
English: Blue coot, King Reedhen, Pukeko, Purple Coot, Purple Gallinule, Purple Moorhen, Purple swamp hen, Purple Swamphen, Purple Swamp-hen, Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed Swamphen, Sultan hen, Swamp hen, Swamphen, swamphen sp.
English, HBW: swamphen sp.
English (IOC): swamphen sp.
English (United States): swamphen sp.
Esperanto: Purpura porfirio
Spanish: Calamón Común, Calamón/Calamoncillo sp.
Spanish (Spain): Calamón/Calamoncillo sp., Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.)
Spanish (HBW): swamphen sp.
Estonian: sultantait
Basque: Polla blava, Uroilo urdina
Finnish: Sulttaanikana
Faroese: Brandnev
French: Porphyrion bleu, Poule sultane, Poule sultane bleue, Poule-sultane, Talève poule-sultane, Talève sp., Talève sultane, Talève sultane ou T. d'Afrique, Talève sultane ou T. de Madagascar
Irish: Cearcóg chorcra
Galician: Camón, Polla blava
Hebrew: פורפיריה, פורפיריה בלתי-מזוהה
Hindi: Tanneer kozhi
Croatian: neidentifikovana sultanka
Hungarian: Kék fú, Porphyrio faj (szulántyúk/kék fú faj)
Armenian: [Sultanakan Huv ], Սուլ անական Հավ, Սուլթանական Հավ
Indonesian: Burung Mandar Besar, Mandar Besar, Mandar Besar sp.
Icelandic: Bláhæna, Ógreind hæna (Porphyrio sp.)
Italian: Pollo sultano, Pollo sultano comune, pollo sultano sp.
Japanese (romaji): seikei, seikeishu
Japanese: セイケイ, セイケイ属
Japanese (Kanji): 青鶏
Georgian: პორფირიონი, ხონთქრის ქათამი
Kazakh: Кєкмандай
Scientific: Fulica alba, Fulica Porphyrio, Porphyrio [porphyrio or madagascariensis], Porphyrio alba, Porphyrio albus, Porphyrio porphyrio, Porphyrio porphyrio porphyrio, Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.)
Lithuanian: Sultonvištė
Malagasy: Talecana, Talevanabe, Vatry
Maori: pukeko, Pu-keko
Malayalam: നീലക്കോഴി  ?
Malay: Ayam Air, Burung Pang(u)lin, Burung Pangling, Burung Pangling Ungu, Pangling
Maltese: Faġan tal-Baħar, Gallozz Prim
Nepali: कुर्मा
Dutch: Purperkoet, Purperkoet sp., Purpurkoet
Norwegian: Sultanhøne, ub. sultanhøne (Porphyrio sp.)
Polish: modrzyk, modrzyk nieoznaczony (Porphyrio sp.)
Pinyin: zǐ shuǐ-jī
Portuguese: Caimão, Camão
Portuguese (Brazil): Porphyrio sp.
Portuguese (Portugal): caimão sp., camão (Porphyrio) sp.
Romansh: Pulsauna sultana
Russian: Sultanka, Султанка, Султанка sp.
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Podu Dam-kithala
Slovak: Porphyrio neurčený druh, sliepočka modrá, sultánka modrá
Slovenian: afriška sultanka, sultanka
Serbian: neidentifikovana sultanka
Swedish: Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.), Purpurhöna, purpurhöna sp.
Swahili: Shaunge Zambarau
Thai: swamphen sp., นกอีโก้ง
Thai (Transliteration): nók ii-kôoŋ
Turkish: Sazhorozu, tanımsız sazhorozu (Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.)), tanımsız sazhorozu (Porphyrio sp.(swamphen sp.))
Ukrainian: Султанка , Султанка пурпурова, Султанська курка
Vietnamese: Chim Cuồng, Chim Trích, Chim Xít, Xít
Chinese: 未识别的紫水鸡类, 紫水雞, 紫水鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 紫水雞, 紫水雞類
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 紫水雞
Chinese (Taiwan): 紫水鸡

Avibase has been visited 348,911,831 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy