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Galapagos Penguin

Spheniscus mendiculus Sundevall, 1871

The Galápagos penguin is a penguin endemic to the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. It is the only penguin found north of the equator. Most inhabit Fernandina Island and the west coast of Isabela Island. The cool waters of the Humboldt and Cromwell Currents allow it to survive despite the tropical latitude. The Galápagos penguin is one of the banded penguins, the other species of which live mostly on the coasts of Africa and mainland South America. It is one of the smallest species of penguin in the world. Because of their warm environment, Galápagos penguins have developed techniques to stay cool. The feathers on their back, flippers, and head are black, and they have a white belly and a stripe looping from their eyes down to their neck and chin. Each penguin keeps only one mate, and breeds year-round. Their nests are typically in caves and crevices as protection against predators and the harsh environment. The Galápagos penguin has a lifespan of about 15 to 20 years, but due to predation, life expectancy in the wild could be significantly reduced. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Sphenisciformes
Family:
  Spheniscidae
Genus:
   Spheniscus
Scientific:
  Spheniscus mendiculus


Original description

Citation:
  Sundevall, 1871

Reference:
  Proc.Zool.Soc.London p. 126,129

Protonym:
  Spheniscus mendiculus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28553931


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  ACAA25BF00481EA8

Avibase ID:
  avibase-ACAA25BF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/ACAA25BF


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174465


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Spheniscus mendiculus: Galapagos Islands (Fernandina and Isabela)
English:
Galapagos Penguin
Catalan:
Pingüí de les Galápagos
Czech:
tučňák galapážský
Danish:
Galapagospingvin
German:
Galápagospinguin
Spanish:
Pingüino de Galápagos
Spanish (Spain):
Pingüino de Galápagos
Finnish:
galapagosinpingviini
French:
Manchot des Galapagos
Croatian:
Galapagoski pingvin
Hungarian:
galápagosi pingvin
Icelandic:
Dropamörgæs
Italian:
Pinguino delle Galapagos
Japanese (romaji):
garapagosupengin
Japanese:
ガラパゴスペンギン
Lithuanian:
Galapaginis pingvinas
Dutch:
Galápagospinguïn
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Galapagospingvin
Norwegian:
Galapagospingvin
Polish:
pingwin równikowy
Portuguese:
Pinguim-das-galápagos
Russian:
Галапагосский пингвин
Slovak:
tučniak galapágsky
Serbian:
Galapagoski pingvin
Swedish:
galápagospingvin
Ukrainian:
Пінгвін галапагоський
Chinese:
加岛企鹅
Chinese (Traditional):
加拉巴哥環企鵝


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Manchot des Galapagos ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Manchot des Galapagos ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 1st edition:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2021:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 4th edition:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2015:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2016:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2017:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2018:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Clements, version 2019:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 1.50:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 1.52:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 1.53:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 1.54:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 1.55:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2015:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2016:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2017:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2018:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2019:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
eBird version 2021:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Spheniscus mendiculus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Spheniscus mendiculus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Spheniscus mendiculus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Galapagos Penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus mendiculus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spheniscus mendiculus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Azerbaijani: Qalapaqos pinqvini
Bulgarian: Галапагоски пингвин
Catalan: Pingüí de les Galápagos
Czech: tučňák galapážký, Tucnák galapážský, tučňák galapážský
Chuvash: Галапагос пингвинĕ
Danish: Galapagospingvin
German: Galapagos Pinguin, Galapagospinguin, Galápagospinguin
English: Galapagos Penguin, Galápagos Penguin
English, HBW: Galapagos Penguin
English (IOC): Galapagos Penguin
English (United States): Galapagos Penguin
Esperanto: Galapaga pingveno, Galapaga sfenisko
Spanish: Pingüino de Galápagos, Pingüino de las Galápagos, Pingüino de los Galápagos
Spanish (Colombia): Pingüino de Galápagos
Spanish (Ecuador): Pingüino de Galápagos
Spanish (Spain): Pingüino de Galápagos
Spanish (HBW): Galapagos Penguin
Spanish (Panama): Pingüino de Galápagos
Estonian: galápagose pingviin
Finnish: Galapagosinpingviini
French: Manchot des Galapagos
Hebrew: פינגווין גאלאפגוס
Croatian: Galapagoski pingvin
Hungarian: galápagosi pingvin
Icelandic: Dropamörgæs
Italian: Pinguino delle Galapagos
Japanese (romaji): garapagosupengin
Japanese: ガラパゴスペンギン
Mongolian, Halh: Гумбольдтын оцон шувуу
Kazakh: Галапагос пингвині, Галапагосс пингвині, галапагостық пингвин
Kirghiz: Галапагос пингвини
Scientific: Spheniscus flavipes, Spheniscus mendiculus, Spheniscus modestus
Lithuanian: Galapaginis pingvinas, Galapagų pingvinas, Galapaguć pingvinas
Mongolian: Гумбольдтын оцон шувуу
Dutch: Galapagospinguïn, Galápagospinguïn
Norwegian Nynorsk: Galapagospingvin
Norwegian: Galapagospingvin
Polish: pingwin równikowy, Pingwinek równikowy
Portuguese: Pinguim-das-galápagos
Portuguese (Portugal): pinguim-das-galápagos
Russian: галапагосский пингвин
Yakut: Галапагос пингвиина
Slovak: tucniak galapágsky, tučniak galapágsky, Tučniak teplomilný
Serbian: Galapagoski pingvin
Swedish: Galapagospingvin, galápagospingvin
Tajik: пингвини галапагосӣ
Turkish: Galapagos Penguen, Galapagos Pengueni
Ukrainian: Пінгвін галапагоський
Uzbek: Галапагос пингвини
Chinese: 加岛企鹅
Chinese (Traditional): 加拉巴哥環企鵝

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