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Oahu Akepa

Loxops wolstenholmei Rothschild, LW 1893

The Oʻahu ʻakepa is an extinct species of ʻakepa that was endemic to the island of Oahu. It was commonly sighted throughout the 19th century. This brick red Hawaiian honeycreeper was found in the mountain peaks in densely forested areas. The females were mostly gray with a tinge of green. The birds had a slight crossbill just like the other Loxops species. It used its crossbill to open up buds in search for nectar and insects for it to eat. Its most common haunts were the ʻōhiʻa and koa forests that were filled with the many flowers and insects that this species liked to eat. The Oʻahu ʻakepa is one of three different species of ʻakepa that were spread by possible weather and migration. The movement of the species stopped causing the species to break into four branches. The first branch was the Hawaiian ʻakepa, a scarlet- red bird that lives only on the Big Island and may be the ancestor of the genus Loxops. Next is the Maui ʻakepa, which was found as fossils on all the islands of Maui Nui, but was historically seen on Maui. It is a grayish-orange bird that was the first of the ʻakepa species to disappear. Then came the Oʻahu ʻakepa, which is a brick red color and was seen till around the 1900s when it became extinct. The last branch was the ‘akeke‘e, a green bird that is only found on the island of Kauai. Source: Wikipedia

Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Fringillidae
Genus:
   Loxops
Scientific:
  Loxops wolstenholmei


Original description

Citation:
  Rothschild, LW 1893

Reference:
   Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 1 p.56

Protonym:
  Loxops wolstenholmei

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101092#page/82/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  AF12BC3161CF28BB

Avibase ID:
  avibase-AF12BC31

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/AF12BC31


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 997967


EXTINCT

Geographic range:

  • Loxops wolstenholmei: Formerly montane ohia and koa forests on Oahu. Extinct ca 1900
English:
Oahu Akepa
Danish:
Oahuakepa
German:
Oahu-Akepakleidervogel
Spanish:
Akepa de Oahu
Spanish (Spain):
Akepa de Oahu
Finnish:
oahunakepa
French:
Loxopse d'Oahu
Croatian:
crvenotrba havajka
Japanese (romaji):
oafukobashihawaimitsusui
Japanese:
オアフコバシハワイミツスイ
Dutch:
Oahu-akepa
Norwegian:
oahuakepa
Polish:
hawajka rdzawa
Portuguese:
aquepa-de-oahu
Russian:
Оахская акепа
Slovak:
havajčan hrdzavý
Serbian:
Akepa sa ostrva Oahu
Swedish:
oahu-akepa
Ukrainian:
акепа оагуська
Chinese:
瓦岛红管舌雀
Chinese (Traditional):
歐胡猩紅管舌鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 63rd suppl.):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Akepa (Oahu) ( Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Akepa (Oahu) ( Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Akepa (Oahu) ( Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Akepa (Oahu) ( Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Akepa (Oahu) ( Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Loxops coccinea rufa [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Loxops coccinea rufa [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Oahu Akepa ( Loxops wolstenholmei) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Loxops [coccineus, wolstenholmei or ochraceus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Danish: Oahuakepa
German: O'ahu-Akepa, Oahu-Akepa, Oahu-Akepakleidervogel
English: Akepa (Oahu), Oahu Akepa
English (Hawaii): Oʻahu ʻākepa - Oahu Akepa
English, HBW: Oahu Akepa
English, Hawaii: Oʻahu ʻākepa - Oahu Akepa
English (IOC): Oahu Akepa
English (United States): Oahu Akepa
Spanish: Akepa de Oahu
Spanish (Spain): Akepa de Oahu
Spanish (HBW): Oahu Akepa
Finnish: oahunakepa
French: Loxopse des Hawaï (Oahu), Loxopse d'Oahu
Croatian: crvenotrba havajka
Japanese (romaji): oafukobashihawaimitsusui
Japanese: オアフコバシハワイミツスイ
Scientific: Fringilla rufa, Loxops coccinea rufa, Loxops coccinea wolstenholmei, Loxops coccineus rufus, Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei, Loxops coccineus wolstenholmei †, Loxops rufus, Loxops wolstenholmei
Dutch: Loxops wolstenholmei, Oahu-akepa
Norwegian: oahuakepa
Polish: hawajka rdzawa
Portuguese: aquepa-de-oahu
Portuguese (Portugal): akepa-de-oahu
Russian: Оахская акепа
Slovak: havajčan hrdzavý
Serbian: Akepa sa ostrva Oahu
Swedish: oahu-akepa
Turkish: Oahu akepası
Ukrainian: акепа оагуська
Chinese: 瓦岛红管舌雀
Chinese (Traditional): 歐胡猩紅管舌鳥

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