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Violet-backed Starling

Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Boddaert, P 1783)

The violet-backed starling, also known as the plum-coloured starling or amethyst starling, is a relatively small species (17 cm) of starling in the family Sturnidae. It is the only member of the genus Cinnyricinclus. This strongly sexually dimorphic species is found widely in the woodlands and savannah forest edges of mainland sub-Saharan Africa. It is rarely seen on the ground, but instead found in trees and other locations away from the ground. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae
Genus:
   Cinnyricinclus
Scientific:
  Cinnyricinclus leucogaster


Original description

Citation:
  (Boddaert, P 1783)

Reference:
   Table Planches Enlum. D'Aubenton

Protonym:
  Turdus leucogaster

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27822658


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  B1A3AF6C3BF7EDFF

Avibase ID:
  avibase-B1A3AF6C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/B1A3AF6C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 559294

Geographic range:

  • Cinnyricinclus leucogaster leucogaster: Senegal to Ethiopia, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, nw Kenya, Tanzania
  • Cinnyricinclus leucogaster verreauxi: Lower Congo to s Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Namibia and S Africa
  • Cinnyricinclus leucogaster arabicus: N Ethiopia, Eritrea, e Sudan, nw Somalia and Arabian Pen.
English:
Violet-backed Starling
Catalan:
estornell ametista
Czech:
leskoptev bělobřichá
Danish:
Ametyststær
German:
Amethystglanzstar
Spanish:
Estornino Amatista
Spanish (Spain):
Estornino amatista
Finnish:
purppurakottarainen
French:
Étourneau améthyste
Croatian:
ljubičasti čvorak
Hungarian:
ametiszt fényseregély
Icelandic:
Fjólustari
Italian:
Storno ametista
Japanese (romaji):
shiroharamukudori
Japanese:
シロハラムクドリ
Lithuanian:
Trumpauodegis varnėnas
Dutch:
Amethistspreeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Ametyststare
Norwegian:
Ametyststær
Polish:
ametyszczak
Portuguese:
estorinho-de-dorso-violeta
Russian:
Аметистовый скворец
Slovak:
liskavec bielobruchý
Serbian:
Ametistni čvorak
Swedish:
ametiststare
Ukrainian:
Шпак-куцохвіст аметистовий
Chinese:
白腹紫椋鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
白腹紫椋鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Spréo améthyste ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Spréo améthyste ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Violet Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Violet Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Amethyst Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Violet Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Violet-backed Starling ( Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Witborsspreeu
Belarusian: Аметыставы шпак
Bulgarian: Аметистов блестящ скорец
Catalan: estornell ametista
Czech: Leskoptev belobrichá, leskoptev bělobřichá
Welsh: Drudwen amethyst
Danish: Ametyststær
German: Amethystglanzstar, Violettrückenstar
Greek: Αμεθυστoψάρovo
English: Amethyst Starling, Plumcolored Starling, Plum-colored Starling, Plumcoloured Starling, Plum-coloured Starling, Violet Starling, Violet-backed Starling
English, HBW: Violet-backed Starling
English (IOC): Violet-backed Starling
English (Kenya): Violet-backed Starling
English (United States): Violet-backed Starling
Esperanto: Ametista sturno, Violdorsa sturno
Spanish: Estornino Amatista, Estornino Blanquiviolado, Estornino Violeta
Spanish (Spain): Estornino amatista
Spanish (HBW): Violet-backed Starling
Estonian: Ametüst-kuldnokk
Finnish: Orvokkikottarainen, purppurakottarainen
French: Cinnyricincle améthyste, Étourneau améthyste, Étourneau métallique améthyste, Merle améthyste, Spréo améthyste
Frisian: Ametistprotter
Irish: Druid shailchuachach
Galician: Estorniño ametista
Hebrew: זרזיר סגול
Croatian: ljubičasti čvorak
Hungarian: ametiszt fényseregély
Icelandic: Fjólustari
Italian: Storno ametista
Japanese (romaji): fujiiroshiroharaterimuku, shiroharamukudori
Japanese: シロハラムクドリ, フジイロシロハラテリムク
Scientific: Cinnyricinclus leucogaster, Cinnyricinclus leucogaster leucogaster, Turdus leucogaster
Lithuanian: Baltapilvis varnėnas, Trumpauodegis varnėnas
Latvian: ametista strazds
Dutch: Amethistspreeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Ametyststare
Norwegian: Ametyststær, Fiolettryggstær
Polish: ametyszczak, blyszczak ametystowy, błyszczak ametystowy
Portuguese: Estorinho-de-dorso-violeta, Estorninho de dorso violeta, Estorninho-ametista, Estorninho-de-dorso-violeta
Portuguese (Portugal): estorninho-ametista
Rhaeto-Romance: Sturnel ametist
Romanian: Graur ametist
Russian: Аметистовый короткохвостый скворец, Аметистовый скворец
Slovak: Ékorec bielobruchý, liskavec bielobruchý
Slovenian: Vijoličasti škorec
Serbian: Ametistni čvorak
Siswant: Incuphabulongo
Swedish: Ametiststare
Swahili: Kwenzi Mgongo-mzambarau
Turkish: ak karınlı sığırcık, Ak-karınlı Sığırcık
Tsonga: Xinwavulombe
Ukrainian: Шпак-куцохвіст аметистовий
Chinese: 白腹紫椋鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 白腹紫椋鳥

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