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Great Gray or Northern Shrike

Lanius [excubitor or borealis] (= Lanius excubitor) Linnaeus, 1758

The Great Grey Shrike, Northern Grey Shrike, or Northern Shrike (Lanius excubitor) is a large songbird species in the shrike family (Laniidae). It forms a superspecies with its parapatric southern relatives, the Southern Grey Shrike (L. meridionalis), the Chinese Grey Shrike (L. sphenocerus) and the Loggerhead Shrike (L. ludovicianus). Within the Great Grey Shrike species itself, there are nine subspecies. Males and females are similar in plumage, pearly grey above with a black eye-mask and white underparts. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Laniidae
Genus:
  Lanius

Scientific:
  Lanius excubitor

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.94

Protonym:
  Lanius Excubitor

Avibase ID:
  B215F75A482EBDE1

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/B215F75A

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 178511

Geographic range:

  • Lanius excubitor excubitor: W and n Europe to w Siberia
  • Lanius excubitor homeyeri {homeyeri or przewalskii}: Balkan Peninsula to s Ural Mountains and w Siberia
  • Lanius excubitor homeyeri (leucopterus): W Siberia to Yenisey River
  • Lanius borealis borealis: breeds Alaska and northern Canada, south to extreme northern British Columbia and Alberta, northern Ontario, and Quebec; winters southern Canada and northern United States.
  • Lanius borealis mollis: Russian Altai and nw Mongolia
  • Lanius borealis funereus: W China (Tien Shan Mountains)
  • Lanius borealis sibiricus: E Siberia to n Mongolia and Kamchatka Peninsula
  • Lanius borealis bianchii: Sakhalin and s Kuril Islands (n Japan)
  • Show more...
English:
Great Gray or Northern Shrike
Czech:
ťuhýk šedý
German:
Raubwürger
Danish:
Stor Tornskade
Spanish:
Alcaudón Norteño
Finnish:
isolepinkäinen
French:
Pie-grièche grise ou P.-g. boréale
Icelandic:
Grásvarri
Italian:
Averla maggiore
Japanese:
oomozu
Japanese:
オオモズ
Dutch:
Klapekster
Norwegian:
Varsler
Polish:
srokosz
Portuguese:
Picanço-grande
Russian:
Серый сорокопут
Slovak:
strakoš veľký
Swedish:
varfågel
Ukrainian:
Сорокопуд сірий
Chinese:
灰伯劳


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great Gray or Northern Shrike ( Lanius [excubitor or borealis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great Gray or Northern Shrike ( Lanius [excubitor or borealis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great Gray or Northern Shrike ( Lanius [excubitor or borealis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great Gray or Northern Shrike ( Lanius [excubitor or borealis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great Gray or Northern Shrike ( Lanius [excubitor or borealis])
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Pie-grièche grise ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Great Gray/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor/borealis)
eBird version 2018:
Northern/Great Gray Shrike ( Lanius borealis/excubitor)
eBird version 2019:
Northern/Great Gray Shrike ( Lanius borealis/excubitor)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Great Grey Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Northern Shrike ( Lanius excubitor) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lanius excubitor [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lanius excubitor [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Lanius [excubitor, borealis, meridionalis or pallidirostris]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Arabic: الصرد الرمادي الكبير
Asturian: Alcaudón Rial, Esfoyador Rial
Azerbaijani: Boz alacəhrə
Belarusian: Вялікі грычун
Bulgarian: Сива сврачка, Сива/Американска сива сврачка
Catalan: Botxí, Botxí septentrional , Capsot d'esquena roja
Catalan (Balears): Botxí septentrional
Valencian: Capsot d'esquena roja
Czech: Tuhýk šedý, Ťuhýk šedý
Welsh: Cigydd llwyd mawr, Cigydd mawr
Danish: Stor Tornskade, Stor/Amerikansk Tornskade
German: Grauwürger, Raubwurger, Raubwürger, Raubwürger-excubitor
Greek: Διπλοκεφαλάς
English: Great Gray or Northern Shrike, Great Gray shrike, Great Gray Shrike/Northern Shrike, Great Gray/Northern Shrike, Great grey shrike, Great Grey Shrike/Northern Shrike, Northern Northern Shrike, Northern Shrike, Northern/Great Gray Shrike
English (IOC): Northern/Great Grey Shrike
Esperanto: granda lanio
Spanish: Alcaudón chico, Alcaudón Norteño, Alcaudón Real
Spanish (Spain): Alcaudón boreal/norteño
Spanish (HBW): Great Gray/Northern Shrike
Estonian: Hallogija, Hallõgija
Basque: Antzandobi handi, Antzandobi handia aparratar, Botxí septentrional
Persian: سنگ‌چشم خاکستری بزرگ
Finnish: Isolepinkäinen, Lapinharakka
Faroese: Grátyrningur
French: Pie-grieche grise, Pie-grièche grise, Pie-grièche grise ou P.-g. boréale
French (Canada): Pie-grièche boréale ou P.-g. grise d'Eurasie
Irish: Mórscréachán Liath
Gaelic: Feoladair Glas
Galician: Botxí septentrional , Picanzo real setentrional
Manx: Pieannad ghlass
Hebrew: חנקן גדול
Croatian: Veliki svračak
Hungarian: Nagy örgébics, Nagy õrgébics, Nagy őrgébics
Armenian: [Mokhraguyn Shampruk ], Մոխրագույն Շամփրուկ, Մրխրագույն Շամփրուկ
Icelandic: Grásvarri
Italian: Averla maggiore
Japanese: ō mozu, o-mozu, Oomozu, Oo-mozu, Ou-mozu, yo-roppaoomozu/oomozu
Japanese: オオモズ, オオモヅ, ヨーロッパオオモズ/オオモズ
Japanese (Kanji): 大百舌, 大百舌鳥, 大鵙
Georgian: რუხი ღაჟო
Khakas: Пора хуралдай
Kazakh: Үлкен тағанағы
Kazakh (Transliteration): ülken tağanaq
Korean: 큰재개구마리, 큰재개구마리(큰물때까치)
Korean (Transliteration): keun-jaegaegumari
Cornish: Kyger los bras
Scientific: Lanius [excubitor or borealis], Lanius borealis/excubitor, Lanius excubitor, Lanius excubitor excubitor, Lanius excubitor/borealis, Lanius excubitorius
Luxembourgish: Grousse groen Neimäerder
Lithuanian: Plešrioji medšarke, Plėšrioji medšarkė
Latvian: Lielā čakste
Macedonian: Големо пепелаво (Големо) свраче
Mongolian: Yнсэн дунхай, Үнсэн дунхай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠨᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠬᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠦᠨᠡᠰᠦᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠬᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хөх чогчиго
Mongolian (Transliteration): khökh chogchig, üŋseŋ duŋkhai
Maltese: Kaċċamendula Griża Prima, Kaccamendula Nordika
Dutch: Klapekster, Klapekster/Amerikaanse Klapekster
Norwegian: Varsler
Polish: Dzierzba srokosz, dzierzba srokoszowata, Srokosz, srokosz (europejski)
Pinyin: hán-lùr, huī bóláo
Portuguese: picanço real, Picanço-grande, Picanço-real, picanço-real-nortenho
Portuguese (Portugal): Picanço-real/Picanço-real-americano
Romansh: Pitgaspina grisch
Romanian: Sfrâncioc mare
Russian: большой сорокопут, Серый сорокопут, Сорокопут серый
Scots: Feoladair glas
Northern Sami: Skirri
Slovak: strakoš sivý, Strakoš veľký
Slovenian: veliki srakoper
Albanian: Larashi i madh i përhimë
Serbian: veliki svarcak, veliki svarčak, veliki svracak, Veliki svračak, Veliki/američki veliki svračak, Велики сврaчак, Велики сврачак
Swedish: Varfågel, varfågel/nordlig varfågel
Turkish: Büyük örümcekkuşu, çekirge Kuşu, Үлкен тағанақ
Tuvinian: Саасканзыг ала куш
Ukrainian: Сірий (Великий) сорокопуд, Сірий сорокопуд, Сорокопуд сірий
Chinese: [han-lur], [hui bolao], 寒露儿, 灰伯劳
Chinese (Traditional): 北方灰伯勞, 寒露兒, 灰伯勞

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