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Common Eider

Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Common Eider (pronounced /ˈ.dər/) (Somateria mollissima) is a large (50–71 cm body length) sea-duck that is distributed over the northern coasts of Europe, North America and eastern Siberia. It breeds in Arctic and some northern temperate regions, but winters somewhat farther south in temperate zones, when it can form large flocks on coastal waters. It can fly at speeds up to 113 km/h (70 mph). Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Somateria

Scientific:
  Somateria mollissima

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.124

Protonym:
  Anas mollissima

Avibase ID:
  B77377EEB852D0AF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/B77377EE

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175155


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Somateria mollissima mollissima: Coast of nw Eurasia; winters to coastal s France
  • Somateria mollissima borealis: breeds northeastern Arctic Canada, Greenland, and Iceland to Franz Josef Land; winters from Iceland and southern Greenland to the Maritime Provinces (Canada)
  • Somateria mollissima faeroeensis: Faeroe Islands
  • Somateria mollissima v-nigrum: Arctic coasts of ne Siberia to Alaska and s British Columbia
  • Somateria mollissima sedentaria: Coasts and islands of Hudson Bay to James Bay
  • Somateria mollissima dresseri: Coastal Labrador to Maine; winters to Long Island
  • Show more...
English:
Common Eider
Czech:
kajka mořská
German:
Eiderente
Danish:
Ederfugl
Spanish:
Éider común
Finnish:
haahka
French:
Eider à duvet
Icelandic:
Æðarfugl
Italian:
Edredone
Japanese:
honkewatagamo
Japanese:
ホンケワタガモ
Dutch:
Eider
Norwegian:
Ærfugl
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Ærfugl
Polish:
edredon
Portuguese:
Eider-edredão
Russian:
Обыкновенная гага
Slovak:
kajka morská
Swedish:
ejder
Ukrainian:
Пухівка зеленошия
Chinese:
欧绒鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Eider à duvet ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Eider à duvet ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Somateria mollissima [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Somateria mollissima [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Somateria mollissima [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Common Eider ( Somateria mollissima) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria mollissima [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria mollissima [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Asturian: Coríu Pina, Eider
Belarusian: Гага звычайная, Звычайная гага
Bulgarian: Гага, Обикновена гага
Breton: An eider-dum
Catalan: Eider, Èider, Èider comú, Eùider
Catalan (Balears): Èider
Valencian: Eider
Montenegrin: gavka
Czech: kajka moøská, Kajka morská, Kajka mořská
Welsh: Hwyaden fwythblu
Danish: Edderfugl, Ederfugl
German: Eiderente
Greek: (Κοινή) Πουπουλόπαπια, Πουπουλόπαπια
English: American Eider, Black-throated Eider, Common Eider, Eider, Eider Duck, Greenland Eider, northern eider, Pacific Eider
English (IOC): Common Eider
Esperanto: Molanaso
Spanish: Eider, Eider Común, Éider común
Spanish (Spain): Eider Común
Spanish (HBW): Eider común
Estonian: Hahk
Basque: Eider, Èider, Eider arrunta
Finnish: Haahka
Faroese: Æða, Æðublikur
French: Eider à duvet, Eider commun
Frisian: Eider
Irish: Colc, Éadar, Lacha lochlannach
Gaelic: Colc, Lach Cholonsa, Lach Lochlannach
Galician: Éider, Èider
Manx: Laagh Lo ghlinagh, Laagh Lo u ghlinagh, Laagh Loghlinagh, Laagh Loughlinagh
Hebrew: אדרית שחורת כיפה, אדרית שחורת־כיפה, אדרית שחורת־כפה, אדרית שחורת-כיפה
Croatian: Gavka, Krasna gavka
Hungarian: Pehelyréce
Icelandic: Æðarfugl, Æður
Italian: Edredone, Edredone comune
Inuktitut: Amaulik, Arnaviak, Metik, Mittiq
Japanese: honkewatagamo, Hon-kewata-gamo, Honkewata-gamo
Japanese: ホンケワタガモ
Greenlandic: Miteq siorartooq
Cornish: Hos eyder
Scientific: Anas mollissima, Somateria mollissima, Somateria mollissima mollissima
Luxembourgish: Eiderint
Lithuanian: Gaga, Paprastoji gaga
Latvian: lielā pūkpīle, Parastā pūkpīle
Moldavian: Eider
Dutch: Eider, Eidereend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Ærfugl
Norwegian: Ærfugl, É-kall
Polish: edredon, edredon (zwyczajny), Edredon zwyczajny
Portuguese: eider, Êider, Eider-edredão
Portuguese (Portugal): Êider
Romansh: Anda loma
Romanian: Eider
Russian: Obyknovennaya Gaga, Гага, Гага обыкновенная, Обыкновенная гага
Scots: Lach lochlannach, Lacha Cholonsa
Northern Sami: Hávda
Slovak: kajka morská, Kajka obyčajná
Slovenian: gaga, navadna gaga
Albanian: Pata e detit
Serbian: ajderska plovka, Gavka, sjeverna gavka, Аjдерска пловка, Ајдерска пловка, Гавка
Swedish: Ejder
Turkish: Pufla, Pufla Kazı
Ukrainian: Гага, Звичайна гага, Пухівка , Пухівка зеленошия
Chinese: 欧绒鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 歐絨鴨

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