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Great Curassow

Crax rubra Linnaeus, C 1758

The great curassow is a large, pheasant-like bird from the Neotropical rainforests, its range extending from eastern Mexico, through Central America to western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. Male birds are black with curly crests and yellow beaks; females come in three colour morphs, barred, rufous and black. These birds form small groups, foraging mainly on the ground for fruits and arthropods, and the occasional small vertebrate, but they roost and nest in trees. This species is monogamous, the male usually building the rather small nest of leaves in which two eggs are laid. This species is threatened by loss of habitat and hunting, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as "vulnerable". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Cracidae
Genus:
   Crax
Scientific:
  Crax rubra


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.157

Protonym:
  Crax rubra

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727064


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  BA8A14D2626B00A7

Avibase ID:
  avibase-BA8A14D2

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/BA8A14D2


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175765


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Crax rubra rubra: Humid forests of e Mexico to w Ecuador
  • Crax rubra griscomi: Cozumel I. (off Yucatán coast of Mexico). Possibly extirpated
English:
Great Curassow
Catalan:
Hoco de carúncula groga
Czech:
hoko proměnlivý
Danish:
Stor Hokko
German:
Kronenhokko
Spanish:
Pavón Norteño
Spanish (Spain):
Pavón Norteño
Finnish:
aarnihokko
French:
Grand Hocco
Croatian:
kudravi hoko
Hungarian:
nagy hokkó
Icelandic:
Bóluhúkur
Italian:
Hocco maggiore
Japanese (romaji):
oohoukanchou
Japanese:
オオホウカンチョウ
Lithuanian:
Didysis kraksas
Dutch:
Bruine Hokko
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Storhokko
Norwegian:
Storhokko
Polish:
czubacz zmienny
Portuguese:
Mutum-grande
Russian:
Большой кракс
Slovak:
hoko hrbozobý
Serbian:
Veliki hoko
Swedish:
större hocko
Ukrainian:
Кракс великий
Chinese:
大凤冠雉
Chinese (Traditional):
大鳳冠雉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 63rd suppl.):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grand Hocco ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grand Hocco ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Crax rubra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Crax rubra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Crax rubra [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Great Curassow ( Crax rubra) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Crax rubra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Crax rubra [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ফড় কুযাম঳া
Bengali (transliteration): baṛa kurāsō*
Catalan: Hoco de carúncula groga
Montenegrin: veliki kuraso, велики курасо
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): велики курасо
Czech: Hoko cerný, hoko proměnlivý
Danish: Stor Hokko
German: Knopfschnabel, Kronenhokko, Tuberkelhokko
English: Central American Curassow, Globose curassow, Great Curassow, Mexican curassow
English, HBW: Great Curassow
English (IOC): Great Curassow
English (United States): Great Curassow
Esperanto: Invaria mutuo
Spanish: Hocofaisán, Muitú Colorado, Pajuíl, Paujil del Chocó, Pavón Grande, Pavón Norteño
Spanish (Colombia): Paujil del Chocó
Spanish (Costa Rica): Pavón Grande
Spanish (Ecuador): Pavón (Paujil) Grande
Spanish (Spain): Pavón Norteño
Spanish (HBW): Great Curassow
Spanish (Honduras): Pajuíl
Spanish (Mexico): Hocofaisán
Spanish (Nicaragua): Pavón Grande
Spanish (Panama): Pavón Grande
Estonian: suurhoko
Finnish: Aarnihokko
French: Grand Hocco
Croatian: kudravi hoko
Hungarian: nagy hokkó
Icelandic: Bóluhúkur
Italian: Crace globicero, Hocco, Hocco globicero, Hocco maggiore
Japanese (romaji): oohoukanchou
Japanese: オオホウカンチョウ
Kazakh: үлкен гокко, үлкен кракс
Kirghiz: ири даракчыл тоок
Scientific: Crax chapmani, Crax globicera, Crax hecki, Crax rubra, Crax rubra rubra
Lithuanian: Didysis kraksas
Dutch: Bruine Hokko
Norwegian Nynorsk: Storhokko
Norwegian: Storhokko
Polish: czubacz zmienny, Czubacz zmieny, Czubacz żółtodzioby
Portuguese: Mutum-grande
Portuguese (Portugal): mutum-grande
Russian: Большой гокко, Большой кракс
Slovak: hoko hrbozobý, Hoko hrčkatozobý
Serbian: Veliki hoko, Veliki kuraso
Swedish: Större hocko
Turkish: Kıvırcık Hokko
Ukrainian: Кракс великий
Chinese: 大凤冠雉
Chinese (Traditional): 大鳳冠雉

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