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Trocaz Pigeon

Columba trocaz Heineken, C 1829

The trocaz pigeon, Madeira laurel pigeon or long-toed pigeon is a pigeon which is endemic to the island of Madeira. It is a mainly grey bird with a pinkish breast; its silvery neck patch and lack of white wing markings distinguish it from its close relative and probable ancestor, the common wood pigeon. Its call is a characteristic six-note cooing, weaker and lower-pitched than that of the wood pigeon. Despite its bulky, long-tailed appearance, this pigeon has a fast, direct flight. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Columbiformes
Family:
  Columbidae
Genus:
   Columba
Scientific:
  Columba trocaz


Original description

Citation:
  Heineken, C 1829

Reference:
   Edinb. New Philos. J. n.s., 1 p.230

Protonym:
  Columba Trocaz

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2504256


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  BAAC66AF63EF76A9

Avibase ID:
  avibase-BAAC66AF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/BAAC66AF


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 177113

Geographic range:

  • Columba trocaz: Laurel forests of Madeira
English:
Trocaz Pigeon
Catalan:
Colom de Madeira
Czech:
holub madeirský
Danish:
Madeiradue
German:
Silberhalstaube
Spanish:
Paloma de Madeira
Spanish (Spain):
Paloma de Madeira
Finnish:
madeirankyyhky
French:
Pigeon trocaz
Croatian:
madeirski golub
Hungarian:
madeirai babérgalamb
Icelandic:
Laufdúfa
Italian:
Colomba di Madera
Japanese (romaji):
madeirabato
Japanese:
マデイラバト
Lithuanian:
Madeirinis karvelis
Dutch:
Trocazduif
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Madeiradue
Norwegian:
Madeiradue
Polish:
gołąb maderski
Portuguese:
pombo-da-madeira
Portuguese (Portugal):
Pombo-da-madeira
Russian:
Мадейрский вяхирь
Slovak:
holub trokaz
Serbian:
Maderski golub
Swedish:
madeiraduva
Ukrainian:
Голуб мадерійський
Chinese:
长趾鸽
Chinese (Traditional):
長趾鴿


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 2023 (May 2023):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v7 (Dec 2022):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v8 (Dec 2023):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Pigeon trocaz ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Pigeon trocaz ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2023:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
eBird version 2023:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Madeira Laurel Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Madeira Laurel-pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 13.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 13.2:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 14.1:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Columba trocaz trocaz [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Columba trocaz trocaz [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.03:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.04:
Trocaz Pigeon ( Columba trocaz) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Columba trocaz [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Columba trocaz [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Columba [trocaz or bollii] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bashkir: Мадейра кеүгәрсене
Belarusian: Серабрысты голуб
Bulgarian: Мадейрански гълъб
Breton: Kudon Madeira
Catalan: Colom de Madeira, Paloma turqué
Czech: Holub dlouhoprstý, holub madeirský, holub trokaz
Welsh: Colomen Trocaz
Danish: Madeiradue, Madeira-due
German: Silberhalstaube
Greek: Περιστέρι της Μαδέρας
English: Long-toed Pigeon, Madeira Laurel Pigeon, Madeira Laurel-pigeon, Torcaz pigeon, Trocaz Pigeon
English, HBW: Madeira Laurel-pigeon
English (IOC): Trocaz Pigeon
English (United States): Trocaz Pigeon
Esperanto: Arĝentkola kolombo, Madejra kolombo
Spanish: Paloma de Madeira, Paloma de Madera, Paloma torqueza
Spanish (Spain): Paloma de Madeira
Spanish (HBW): Paloma de Madeira
Estonian: madeira loorberituvi
Basque: Trokaz pagauso
Finnish: Madeirankyyhky
French: Pigeon torcaz, Pigeon trocaz
Frisian: Trocazdo
Irish: Colm fadladhrach
Galician: Pombo da Madeira
Hebrew: יונה ארוכת-אצבעות, יונת ארוכת־אצבעות
Croatian: madeirski golub
Hungarian: madeirai babérgalamb
Icelandic: Laufdúfa
Italian: Colomba di Madera, Colomba Trocaz, Columba di Madeira, Piccione trocaz
Japanese (romaji): madeirabato
Japanese: マデイラバト
Scientific: Columba laurivora, Columba trocaz, Columba trocaz trocaz
Lithuanian: Madeirinis karvelis, Žilasprandis keršulis
Latvian: Madeiras balodis
Macedonian: Мадерски гулаб
Dutch: Trocazduif
Norwegian Nynorsk: Madeiradue
Norwegian: Madeiradue
Polish: golab maderski, Gołąb maderski, golab maderski LRcd, gołąb maderski LRcd
Portuguese: Pombo da Madeira, pombo-da-madeira
Portuguese (Madeira): Pombo-trocaz
Portuguese (Portugal): Pombo-da-madeira
Rhaeto-Romance: Columba da Madeira
Romanian: Porumbel de Madeira
Russian: Мадейрский вяхирь, Мадейрский голубь, Серебристый голубь
Northern Sami: Madeiraduvvá
Slovak: holub trokaz
Slovenian: madeirski golob
Serbian: Maderski golub
Swedish: Madeiraduva
Turkish: Madeira güvercini
Ukrainian: Голуб мадерійський
Chinese: 长趾鸽
Chinese (Traditional): 長趾鴿

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