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Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna

Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis] (= Gracula religiosa) Linnaeus, 1758

The common hill myna, sometimes spelled "mynah" and formerly simply known as the hill myna or myna bird, is the myna most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names. It is a member of the starling family (Sturnidae), resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Sri Lanka hill myna, a former subspecies of G. religiosa, is now generally accepted as a separate species G. ptilogenys. The Enggano hill myna and Nias hill myna are also widely accepted as specifically distinct, and many authors favor treating the southern hill myna from the Nilgiris and elsewhere in the Western Ghats of India as a separate species. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae
Genus:
   Gracula
Scientific:
  Gracula religiosa


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.108

Protonym:
  Gracula religiosa

Link:
  http://www.archive.org/details/carolilinnaeisy01gesegoog


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  C090741A455BEE7A

Avibase ID:
  avibase-C090741A

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C090741A


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 179652

Geographic range:

  • Gracula religiosa [religiosa or miotera]: Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka Island, Java, Bali, and Borneo
  • Gracula religiosa batuensis: Batu and Mentawi islands (off nw Sumatra)
  • Gracula religiosa palawanensis: Palawan (sw Philippines)
  • Gracula religiosa intermedia: N India to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and s China
  • Gracula religiosa peninsularis: NE peninsular India
  • Gracula religiosa andamanensis: Andaman and Nicobar islands
  • Gracula religiosa venerata: W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Flores, Pantar, Lomblen and Alor)
  • Gracula indica: SW India (Western Ghats) and s Sri Lanka
  • Gracula robusta: Nias, Pulan, Babi, Tuangku and Bangkaru islands (off Sumatra)
  • Gracula enganensis: Enggano I. (off s Sumatra)
  • Show more...
English:
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna
French:
Mainate religieux, M. indien, M. de Nias ou M. d'Enggano


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Mainate religieux ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Mainate religieux ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Southern Grackle ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Southern Grackle ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Gracula religiosa [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Gracula religiosa [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Gracula religiosa [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Gracula religiosa [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Bengali: পাতি ময়না
Catalan: Minà indi, Minà religiós
Cebuano: kiyaw
Czech: Loskuták posvátný
Danish: Beo
German: Beo, Großer Beo, Hügelatzel, Kleinbeo
English: Common Grackle, Common Hill Myna, Common Mynah, Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna, Eastern Hill Myna, Eastern Hill Mynah, Eastern Hill-Myna, Grackle, Hill Grackle, Hill Myna, hill mynah, Indian Grackle, Indian Hill Myna, Indian hill Mynah, Javan hill mynah, Southern Grackle, Talking Myna, Talking Mynah
Esperanto: Komuna montominao
Spanish: Maina de las Colinas, Mainá del Himalaya
Estonian: suurmaina
Finnish: Pyhämaina
French: Mainate religieux, Mainate religieux, M. indien, M. de Nias ou M. d'Enggano
Hungarian: beó
Indonesian: Beo, Burung Tiong Emas, Tiong, Tiong emas
Italian: Gracula religiosa, Gracula religiosa comune
Japanese (romaji): kyūkan-chō, kyuukanchou
Japanese: キュウカンチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 九官鳥
Scientific: Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis], Gracula religiosa, Gracula religiosa religiosa
Lithuanian: Javinė šventoji maina
Malayalam: കാട്ടുമൈന  
Malay: Burung Tiong Besar, Burung Tiong Emas, Burung Tiong Mas, Tiong Emas, Tiong Mas
Nepali: मदनसारिका मैना
Dutch: Beo, Grote Beo, Heilige Beo
Norwegian: Beostær
Polish: gwarek czczony
Pinyin: liáo-gē
Portuguese: Mainá-de-java
Russian: Священная майна
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Salalihiniya
Slovak: beo posvätný, Ékorec posva/tný
Slovenian: Hribovske majne
Swedish: Beostare
Tamil: மலை மைனா
Thai: นกขุนทอง
Thai (Transliteration): nók kʰŭn-tʰoaaŋ
Turkish: Mino
Ukrainian: Бео священний
Vietnamese: Chim Nhồng, Chim Sáo đá, Chim Yểng
Chinese: 鷯哥, 鹩哥
Chinese (Traditional): 鷯哥

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