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Black Kite

Milvus migrans (Boddaert, 1783)

The Black Kite (Milvus migrans) is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors. It is thought to be the world's most abundant species of Accipitridae, although some populations have experienced dramatic declines or fluctuations. Current global population estimates run up to 6 million individuals. Unlike others of the group, Black Kites are opportunistic hunters and are more likely to scavenge. They spend a lot of time soaring and gliding in thermals in search of food. Their angled wing and distinctive forked tail make them easy to identify. This kite is widely distributed through the temperate and tropical parts of Eurasia and parts of Australasia and Oceania, with the temperate region populations tending to be migratory. Several subspecies are recognized and formerly had their own English names. The European populations are small, but the South Asian population is very large. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
  Milvus

Scientific:
  Milvus migrans

Citation:
  (Boddaert, 1783)

Reference:
  TablePlanchesEnlum. p.28

Protonym:
  Falco migrans

Avibase ID:
  C1C255AA01C58664

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C1C255AA

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175469

Geographic range:

  • Milvus migrans migrans: NW Africa and Europe to s-central Asia; winters to s Africa
  • Milvus migrans govinda: Indian subcontinent to Indochina and Malay Peninsula
  • Milvus migrans affinis: Sulawesi to Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomons and Australia
English:
Black Kite
Catalan:
Milà negre [grup migrans]
Czech:
luňák hnědý [skupina migrans]
Danish:
Sort Glente, Almindelig [migrans Gruppe]
German:
Schwarzmilan [migrans-Gruppe]
Spanish:
Milano Negro (grupo negro)
Spanish (Spain):
Milano negro (grupo negro)
Finnish:
haarahaukka [alalaji migrans]
French:
Milan noir
Croatian:
Crna lunja (crnokljuna)
Hungarian:
Barna kánya [migrans csoport]
Icelandic:
Vatnagleða [migrans hópur]
Italian:
Nibbio bruno [gruppo migrans]
Japanese (romaji):
nishitobi
Japanese:
トビ (migrans グループ)
Lithuanian:
Juodasis peslys [migrans grupė]
Dutch:
Zwarte Wouw (migrans groep)
Norwegian:
svartglente (migrans gr.)
Polish:
kania czarna [gr. migrans]
Portuguese:
Milhafre-preto
Portuguese (Brazil):
milhafre-preto [grupo migrans]
Russian:
Чёрный коршун (Европейский)
Slovak:
haja tmavá (skup.)
Serbian:
Crna lunja [migrans grupa]
Swedish:
brun glada [gruppen migrans]
Ukrainian:
Шуліка чорний [група migrans]
Chinese:
黑鸢(欧洲至中亚)
Chinese (Traditional):


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans)
Clements 1st edition:
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans migrans/govinda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Kite (Black) ( Milvus migrans [migrans Group]) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Black Kite ( Milvus migrans) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Milvus [migrans or aegyptius] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Geelbekwou, Swartwou, Swartwou [migrans Groep]
Arabic: الحدأة, الحدأة الحدية, الحدأة السوداء, الحدية, حدأة سوداء (سوداء) (مجموعة)
Asturian: Milán, Milán Prietu, Milán prietu [triba migrans]
Azerbaijani: Qara çalağan, Qara çalağan [migrans qrupu], Qara çərpələnmək
Belarusian: Каршун чорны, Чорны каршун
Bulgarian: Черна каня, Черна каня (ssp. migrans), Черна каня [Група migrans]
Bengali: ভুবন চিল
Breton: Ar barged du
Catalan: Milà negre, Milà negre [grup migrans]
Catalan (Balears): Milà negre
Valencian: Milà negre
Shor: Қартыға
Montenegrin: crna lunja
Czech: Lunák hnedý, Luňák hnědý, luňák hnědý [skupina migrans], luňák hnědý evropský
Chuvash: Хăлат
Welsh: Barcud ddu, Barcud Du, Barcut du
Danish: Sort Glente, Sort Glente (Vestlig), Sort Glente, Almindelig [migrans Gruppe]
German: Schmarotzermilan, Schwarzmilan, Schwarzmilan [migrans Gruppe], Schwarzmilan [migrans-Gruppe], Schwarzmilan-migrans
Greek: Γυπογεράκα, Τσίφτης, Τσίφτης [migrans ομάδα]
Greek (Cypriot): Γυπογεράκα
English: Black kite, Black Kite (Black), European Black Kite, Yellowbilled Kite
English, HBW: Black Kite (Black)
English (IOC): Black Kite (Black)
English (Kenya): Black Kite
English (Philippines): Black Kite
English (United States): Black Kite (Black)
Esperanto: Nigra milvo
Spanish: Milano Negro, Milano Negro (grupo negro), Milano Negro [Grupo migrans]
Spanish (Spain): Milano Negro, Milano negro (grupo negro), Milano Negro [Grupo migrans]
Spanish (HBW): Milano negro [Grupo migrans]
Estonian: Must-harksaba
Basque: Milà negre, Miru beltza, Miru beltza [migrans taldekoa]
Persian: کورکور سیاه, کورکور سیاه [migrans Group]
Finnish: Haarahaukka, haarahaukka [alalaji migrans]
Faroese: Svartgleða
French: Élanion blac, Milan d'Afrique, Milan noir, Milan noir (nominal), Milan noir [migrans]
Frisian: Swarte Glee
Irish: Cúr Dhubh, Cúr Dubh
Galician: Milà negre, Millafre negro, Miñato negro [grupo migrans]
Hebrew: דיה שחורה, דיה שחורה (מערבית), מצויה
Hindi: Paria parundu
Croatian: Crna lunja, Crna lunja (crnokljuna), Crnkasta lunja
Hungarian: Barna kánya, Barna kánya [migrans csoport]
Armenian: [Sev Tsin ], Սև Ցին, Սև ցին (Սովորական)
Indonesian: Alap-alap hitam, Burung Elang Paria, Elang Paria
Icelandic: Vatnagleða, Vatnagleða (migrans), Vatnagleða [migrans hópur]
Italian: Nibbio bruno, Nibbio bruno [gruppo migrans]
Japanese (romaji): nishitobi, Tobi, tobi (migrans guru-pu), Tonbi
Japanese: トビ, トビ (migrans グループ), トンビ, ニシトビ
Japanese (Kanji):
Georgian: ძერა
Khakas: Тигiлген
Kazakh: Қара кезкұйрық, Қарақұ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara kezquyrıq
Korean: 솔개
Korean (Transliteration): solgae
Kashmiri: [Gaant]
Scientific: Falco migrans, Haliaetus lineatus, Milvus korschun, Milvus lineatus, Milvus lineatus lineatus, Milvus migrans, Milvus migrans [migrans Group], Milvus migrans migrans, Milvus migrans migrans/govinda
Luxembourgish: Schwaarze Milan, Schwaarze Schéierschwanz
Lithuanian: Juodasis peslys, Juodasis peslys [migrans grupė]
Latvian: Melnā klija, Melnā klija (migrans gr.)
Malagasy: hitsikitsika, Papango, Tsimalaho
Macedonian: Црна луња
Malayalam: ചക്കി  പരുന്ത്‌
Mongolian: Сохор элээ
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠡᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠰᠣᠬᠣᠷ ᠡᠯᠢᠵ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Элээ
Mongolian (Transliteration): elee, sokhor elee
Moldavian: Gaie neagră
Malay: Burung Helang Ekor Cabang, Burung Lang Bangkai, Burung Lang Gelap, Helang Kembara Hitam, Helang Merah
Maltese: Astun Iswed
Nepali: कालो चील
Dutch: Zwarte wouw, Zwarte Wouw (migrans groep)
Norwegian: Svartglente, svartglente (migrans gr.)
Polish: kania czarna, kania czarna (gr. migrans), kania czarna [gr. migrans]
Pinyin: élìyě, hēi yuān, lǎo yuān, lǎo-yīng, yào-yīng, yuān
Portuguese: milhafre preto, Milhafre-preto
Portuguese (Brazil): milhafre-preto, milhafre-preto [grupo migrans]
Portuguese (Portugal): Milhafre-preto, Milhafre-preto [grupo migrans]
Romansh: Milan stgir
Romanian: Gaie neagră
Russian: Коршун черный, Черный коршун, Чёрный коршун, Чёрный коршун (Европейский), Чёрный коршун [группа migrans]
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Bora Parakussa
Slovak: Haja tmavá, haja tmavá (skup.)
Slovenian: crni škarjek, crni škarnik, črni škarnik, Črni škarnik [migrans]
Albanian: Huta e zezë bishtgërshërë
Serbian: Crna lunja [migrans grupa], mrka lunja, Мрка лунја, Мрка луња
Swedish: Brun glada, brun glada ([migrans Group]), brun glada [gruppen migrans], Brunglada
Swahili: Mwewe, Mwewe Domo-jeusi
Tamil: [Paria parundu], Kalla Parundhu
Thai: เหยี่ยวดำ, เหยี่ยวดำใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw dam, yìaw dam yày
Turkish: Kara çaylak, Kara Çaylak (migrans), Kara çaylak [migrans grubu], Siyah çaylak, Қара кезқұйрық
Tuvinian: Дээлдиген, согуржап
Ukrainian: Черний шуліка, Чорний шуліка, Шуліка чорний , Шуліка чорний [група migrans]
Vietnamese: Chim Diều, Chim Diều hâu, Chim Diều hâu đen, Diều, Diều hâu, Ó Diều
Chinese: [hei yuan], [lao-ying], [ma ying], [yuan], 老鷹, 老鸢, 额力也, 鳶 , 鸢, 鹞鹰, 麻鹰, 黑鳶 (麻鷹), 黑鸢, 黑鸢(欧洲至中亚)
Chinese (Traditional): 老鳶, 額力也, 鳶, 鷂鷹, 黑鳶
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 老鷹, 黑鳶
Chinese (Taiwan): [lao-ying], 老鷹, 老鹰, 黑鸢

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