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Western Capercaillie

Tetrao urogallus Linnaeus, 1758

The Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), also known as the Wood Grouse, Heather Cock or Capercaillie /ˌkæpərˈkli/, is the largest member of the grouse family. The largest known specimen, recorded in captivity, had a weight of 7.2 kg. (15.9 lbs). Found across Europe and Asia, it is renowned for its mating display. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
  Tetrao

Scientific:
  Tetrao urogallus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao Urogallus

Avibase ID:
  C3221EE24B948F50

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C3221EE2

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 553893

Geographic range:

  • Tetrao urogallus [urogallus, karelicus, pleskei or lonnbergi]: Scotland, Scandinavia, and adjacent northwestern Russia
  • Tetrao urogallus aquitanicus: Pyrénées
  • Tetrao urogallus taczanowskii: Central Siberia to Altai Mountains and nw Mongolia
  • Tetrao urogallus cantabricus: Cantabrian Mountains (nw Spain)
  • Tetrao urogallus [crassirostris or rudolfi]: Germany to sw Baltic countries and Balkan Peninsula
  • Tetrao urogallus volgensis: southern and central Belarus to central Russia
  • Tetrao urogallus uralensis: S Ural Mountains and sw Siberia
  • Tetrao urogallus kureikensis: northeastern Russia to north central Siberia
  • Show more...
English:
Western Capercaillie
Czech:
tetřev hlušec
German:
Auerhuhn
Danish:
Tjur
Spanish:
Urogallo Común
Finnish:
metso
French:
Grand Tétras
Icelandic:
Þiður
Italian:
Gallo cedrone
Japanese:
yo-roppaooraichou
Japanese:
ヨーロッパオオライチョウ
Dutch:
Auerhoen
Norwegian:
Storfugl
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Storfugl
Polish:
głuszec
Portuguese:
Tetraz
Russian:
Глухарь
Slovak:
hlucháň hôrny
Swedish:
tjäder
Ukrainian:
Глушець білодзьобий
Chinese:
松鸡


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grand Tétras ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grand Tétras ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Eurasian Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Tetrao urogallus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Tetrao urogallus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Tetrao urogallus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Western Capercaillie ( Tetrao urogallus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Tetrao urogallus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Tetrao urogallus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Asturian: Gallu, Gallu Montés, Pita Montesín
Belarusian: hłušec, глушэц
Bulgarian: gluhar, Глухар
Breton: skilgog meur
Catalan: Gall de bosc, Gall fer, Gall fer comú, gall salvatge
Montenegrin: tetrijeb gluhan
Czech: tetøev hlušec, tetřev, Tetrev hlušec, Tetřev hlušec, Tetrev lesní, Tetřev lesní
Chuvash: Ахаль карăк
Welsh: Ceiliog coed, Ceiliog y coed, grugiar y coed
Danish: Tjur
German: Auerhuhn
Greek: [Agriokourkοs], Agriokourkοs, Αγριόκουρκος
English: Capercaille, Capercaillie, Common Capercaillie, Eurasian Capercaillie, Western Capercaillie, Wood Grouse
English (IOC): Western Capercaillie
Esperanto: Urogalo
Spanish: gallo silvestre, Urogallo, Urogallo Comun, Urogallo Común
Spanish (Spain): Urogallo Común
Spanish (HBW): Urogallo común
Estonian: Metsis, metsis (mõtus), Metsis e. mõtus, metsis mőtus, motus, mõtus
Basque: basoilar, Basoilarra, Gall fer
Finnish: Koppelo, Metso, Metso; Koppelo
French: Coq de bruyère, Grand Coq de bruyère, Grand Tétras
Friulian: Forcel, gjal cedron, gjal di mont, Gjal forcel, Gjal forcjŕs
Irish: capall coille, galo do monte, pita do monte
Gaelic: Capall Coille, Capall-Coille
Galician: Gall fer, Galo lira, Pita do monte
Manx: cabbyl keylley
Hebrew: שכו-י ענק
Croatian: tetrijeb, Tetrijeb gluhan
Hungarian: Siketfajd
Icelandic: Þiður
Italian: Gallo cedrone, Gallo cedrone eurasiatico, urogallo
Japanese: yoaroppaooraichou, Yooroppa oo raichou, yōroppa ō raichō, yo-roppaooraichou
Japanese: ヨアロッパオオライチョウ, ヨーロッパオオライチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): ヨーロッパ大雷鳥
Khakas: Силей ии, Ырысха
Kazakh: Мењіреу құр
Kazakh (Transliteration): meñirew qur
Karachay-Balkar: Агъач тауукъ
Karelian: Tadri
Cornish: Culyek cors, kulyek kors
Scientific: Tetrao major, Tetrao urogallus, Tetrao urogallus urogallus
Ladino: gial grisc
Ladin: Gial fosch
Lithuanian: Glušėkas, Kurčius, kurtinys, Vakarinis kurtinys
Latvian: mednis
Macedonian: tetreb, Голем тетреб, тетреб
Mongolian: Сойр, Эгэл сойр
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠡᠬᠡᠯ ᠰᠣᠢᠢᠷ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠰᠣᠢᠢᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Ердийн сойр
Mongolian (Transliteration): egel soir, soir, yordiŋ soir
Dutch: Auerhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Storfugl
Norwegian: Barfugl, Storfugl
Occitan: Gal salvatge, pavon salvatge
Polish: gluszec, głuszec, głuszec (zwyczajny), Głuszec zwyczajny
Pinyin: sōng-jī, xīfāng sōng-jī
Portuguese: galomontês, Tetraz, Tetraz-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Galo-montês
Romansh: cot, Cot da taus, giaglina da taus, Gialina da draussa, gialina da taus
Romanian: Cocoş de munte, cocos-de-munte, cocoş-de-munte
Russian: gluhar', Glukhar, Глухарь, Глухарь обыкновенный, Обыкновенный глухарь
Scots: capal-coille, Capull coille
Northern Sami: Beahceloddi, čukčá
Slovak: hlucháň hôrny, Hlucháň obyčajný, tetrov hlucháň, tetrov hlucháň/hlucháň obyčajný
Slovenian: divji petelin, veliki petelin
Albanian: Gjeli egër, Gjeli i eger, gjeli i egër, Gjeli i maleve
Serbian: Gluhan, Tetreb, veliki, Veliki tetreb, veliki tetrijeb, велики, Глухан, тетреб, Тетреб велики, Тетреб глухан
Swedish: Tjäder
Turkmen: çalihorozu
Turkish: büyük orman tavuğu, Меңіреу құр
Tuvinian: Кара-куш
Ukrainian: gluhar, глухар, Глушець, Глушець білодзьобий
Sorbian, Lower: Źiwa kokoš
Sorbian, Upper: Brězan, Ćećor, hłuchar
Chinese: [lín-ji], [song-ji], [Xifang song-ji], 松鸡, 林鸡, 西方松鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 松雞, 西方松雞

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