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Black Tern (surinamensis)

Chlidonias niger surinamensis (Gmelin, JF, 1789)




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Chlidonias
Scientific:
  Chlidonias niger surinamensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat. p.604

Protonym:
  Sterna surinamensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656097


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  C46C59A76F573020

Avibase ID:
  avibase-C46C59A7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C46C59A7


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824583

Geographic range:

  • Chlidonias niger surinamensis: N North America; winters Central America and n S America
English:
Black Tern (surinamensis)
French:
Guifette noire (surinamensis)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Tern (surinamensis) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Tern (North American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Tern (American) ( Chlidonias niger surinamensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Chlidonias nigra surinamensis [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Chlidonias niger surinamensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies

This taxon is a subspecies of Chlidonias niger

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Swartsterretjie (Amerikaanse)
Arabic: خرشنة سوداء (surinamensis)
Asturian: Raquín prietu (americanu)
Azerbaijani: Qara susüpürən (surinamensis yarımnövü)
Bulgarian: Черна рибарка (ssp. surinamensis)
Catalan: Fumarell negre (americà)
Czech: rybák černý (ssp. surinamensis)
Danish: Sortterne, Amerikansk (ssp. surinamensis)
German: Trauerseeschwalbe (surinamensis), Trauerseeschwalbe-surinamensis
Greek: Μαυρογλάρονο (surinamensis)
English: American Black Tern, Black tern, Black Tern (American), Black Tern (North American), Black Tern (surinamensis), North American Black Tern
English, HBW: Black Tern (American)
English (IOC): Black Tern (American)
English (United States): Black Tern (American)
Spanish: Charrán Negro (surinamensis), Fumarel Común (americano), Gaviotín Negro
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrancito Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviotica prieta (surinamensis)
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Spain): Fumarel común (americano), Fumarel Común (surinamensis)
Spanish (HBW): Black Tern (American)
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín Negro (surinamensis)
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Negro, Gaviotín Negro (Subesp. surinamensis)
Basque: Itsas enara beltza (surinamensis)
Persian: پرستو دریایی سیاه (surinamensis)
Finnish: mustatiira (surinamensis)
French: Guifette noire, Guifette noire (Amérique du Nord), Guifette noire (forme d'Amérique du Nord), Guifette noire (surinamensis)
Galician: Gaivina negra (surinamensis)
Hebrew: מירומית שחורה (אמריקנית)
Hungarian: Kormos szerkő (Amerikai)
Armenian: Սև ջրածիծառ (surinamensis)
Icelandic: Kolþerna (surinamensis)
Japanese (romaji): hashigurokuroharaajisashi (surinamensis)
Japanese: ハシグロクロハラアジサシ (surinamensis), ハシグロクロハラアジサシ(surinamensis)
Scientific: Chlidonias niger surinamensis, Chlidonias nigra surinamensis, Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis, Sterna surinamensis
Lithuanian: Juodoji žuvėdra (surinamensis)
Dutch: Zwarte Stern (Amerikaans)
Norwegian: svartterne (surinamensis)
Polish: rybitwa czarna (surinamensis)
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-negro (surinamensis)
Portuguese (Portugal): gaivina-preta (surinamensis), Gaivina-preta-americana
Russian: Чёрная крачка (surinamensis)
Slovak: čorík americký, čorík americký (skup.)
Slovenian: Črna čigra (surinamensis)
Serbian: Crna čigra (surinamensis)
Swedish: svarttärna (surinamensis)
Turkish: Kara Sumru (surinamensis)
Chinese: 黑浮鸥(美洲)

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