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Bush Thick-knee

Burhinus grallarius (Latham, 1801)

The bush stone-curlew or bush thick-knee is a large, ground-dwelling bird endemic to Australia. Its favoured habitat is open plains and woodlands, where it stalks slowly at night in search of invertebrates such as insects. Its grey-brown coloration is distinguished by dark streaks, its eyes are large and legs are long. It is capable of flight, but relies on the camouflage of its plumage to evade detection during the day; the bush curlew adopts a rigid posture when it becomes aware of an observer. Both sexes care for two eggs laid on the bare ground, usually sited near bush in a shaded position or next to a fallen branch. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Burhinidae
Genus:
   Burhinus
Scientific:
  Burhinus grallarius


Original description

Citation:
  (Latham, 1801)

Reference:
  Suppl.ind.orn. p.lxvi

Protonym:
  Charadrius grallarius

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33261440


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  C61A821BCD383448

Avibase ID:
  avibase-C61A821B

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C61A821B


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 558950

Geographic range:

  • Burhinus grallarius: Australia (except arid areas), s New Guinea; vagrant to Tasmania
English:
Bush Thick-knee
Catalan:
Torlit australià
Czech:
dytík velký
Danish:
Australsk Triel
German:
Langschwanztriel
Spanish:
Alcaraván Colilargo
Spanish (Spain):
Alcaraván Colilargo
Finnish:
australianpaksujalka
French:
Oedicnème bridé
Croatian:
australska ćukavica
Hungarian:
hosszúlábú ugartyúk
Italian:
Occhione del bush
Japanese (romaji):
o-sutorariaishichidori
Japanese:
オーストラリアイシチドリ
Lithuanian:
Australinis storkulnis
Dutch:
Australische Griel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Styltetriel
Norwegian:
Styltetriel
Polish:
kulon australijski
Portuguese:
Téu-téu-da-mata
Russian:
Австралийская авдотка
Slovak:
ležiak dlhochvostý
Serbian:
Šibljački ćurlikovac
Swedish:
stylttjockfot
Ukrainian:
Лежень австралійський
Chinese:
长尾石鸻
Chinese (Traditional):
叢石鴴


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Oedicnème bridé ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Oedicnème bridé ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Australian Stone Curlew ( Burhinus magnirostris) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Australian Stone-Curlew ( Burhinus magnirostris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Australian Stone-Curlew ( Burhinus magnirostris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Bush Stone Curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus magnirostris) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Burhinus magnirostris [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Burhinus magnirostris [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Burhinus magnirostris [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Bush Thick-knee ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Bush Stone-curlew ( Burhinus grallarius) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Burhinus grallarius [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Burhinus grallarius [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Azerbaijani: Avstraliya pərttəgözü
Catalan: Torlit australià
Czech: Dytík velký
Danish: Australsk Triel
German: Langschwanztriel
English: Australian Dikkop, Australian stone culew, Australian Stone Curlew, Australian Stonecurlew, Australian Stone-Curlew, Australian Thick-knee, Bush Stone Curlew, Bush Stonecurlew, Bush Stone-curlew, Bush Thick knee, Bush Thick-knee, Southern Stonecurlew, Southern Stone-Curlew, Southern Thick-knee, Willaroo
English (Australia): Bush Stone-curlew
English, HBW: Bush Thick-knee
English (IOC): Bush Stone-curlew
English (United States): Bush Thick-knee
Esperanto: Aŭstralia trielo
Spanish: Alcaraván Australiano, Alcaraván Colilargo
Spanish (Spain): Alcaraván Colilargo
Spanish (HBW): Bush Thick-knee
Estonian: austraalia jämejalg, rand-jämejalg
Finnish: Australianpaksujalka
French: Oedicnème bridé, OEdicnème d'Australie
Croatian: australska ćukavica
Hungarian: hosszúlábú ugartyúk
Indonesian: Wiliwili Semak, Wili-wili semak
Italian: Occhione del bush, Occhione Willaroo
Japanese (romaji): ishichidori, oasutorariaishichidori, o-sutorariaishichidori, yabuishichidori
Japanese: イシチドリ, オアストラリアイシチドリ, オーストラリアイシチドリ
Kirghiz: Австралия жылкычы чулдугу
Scientific: Burhinus frenatus, Burhinus grallarius, Burhinus grallarius grallarius, Burhinus magnirostris, Charadrius grallarius, Charadrius magnirostris
Lithuanian: Australinis storkulnis
Dutch: Australische Griel, Rifgriel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Styltetriel
Norwegian: Kysttriel, Styltetriel
Polish: kulon australijski
Portuguese: Téu-téu-da-mata
Portuguese (Portugal): alcaravão-rabilongo
Russian: Австралийская авдотка, Длиннохвостая авдотка
Slovak: ležiak dlhochvostý
Serbian: Šibljački ćurlikovac
Swedish: Stylttjockfot
Turkish: Uzun kuyruklu kocagöz
Ukrainian: Лежень австралійський
Chinese: 大石鸻, 长尾石鸻
Chinese (Traditional): 叢石鴴

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