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Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus Tunstall, M 1771

The peregrine falcon, also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a cosmopolitan bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head. The peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 320 km/h (200 mph) during its characteristic hunting stoop, making it the fastest bird in the world, as well as the fastest member of the animal kingdom. According to a National Geographic TV program, the highest measured speed of a peregrine falcon is 389 km/h (242 mph). As is typical for bird-eating raptors, peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, with females being considerably larger than males. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Falconiformes
Family:
  Falconidae
Genus:
   Falco
Scientific:
  Falco peregrinus


Original description

Citation:
  Tunstall, M 1771

Reference:
   Orn. Brit.

Protonym:
  Falco Peregrinus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13970781


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  C7F1C08CB3F7F2DA

Avibase ID:
  avibase-C7F1C08C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/C7F1C08C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175604

Geographic range:

  • Falco peregrinus peregrinus: N Eurasia (south of the tundra)
  • Falco peregrinus furuitii: Volcano Islands and Bonin Islands
  • Falco peregrinus japonensis: NE Siberia to Kamchatka Peninsula and Japan
  • Falco peregrinus peregrinator: Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka to se China
  • Falco peregrinus minor: Morocco, Mauritania and Africa south of the Sahara
  • Falco peregrinus radama: Madagascar and Comoro Islands
  • Falco peregrinus ernesti: Thai-Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Greater Sundas, New Guinea, and Bismarck Archipelago; birds of Solomon Islands probably also this subspecies
  • Falco peregrinus nesiotes: Vanuatu and New Caledonia
  • Falco peregrinus macropus (macropus): Australia (except for sw part)
  • Falco peregrinus macropus (submelanogenys): SW Australia
  • Falco peregrinus anatum: North America (south of tundra) to n Mexico
  • Falco peregrinus pealei: Coastal w North America (Aleutian Islands to Washington)
  • Falco peregrinus cassini: W South America (Ecuador to Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Is.)
  • Falco peregrinus brookei: Mediterranean basin east to the Caucasus Mountains
  • Falco peregrinus calidus: Tundra of Eurasia (Lapland to ne Siberia)
  • Falco peregrinus tundrius: Arctic tundra of North America (Alaska to Greenland)
  • Show more...
English:
Peregrine Falcon
Catalan:
Falcó pelegrí
Czech:
sokol stěhovavý
Danish:
Vandrefalk
German:
Wanderfalke-peregrinus
Spanish:
Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Spain):
Halcón Peregrino
Finnish:
muuttohaukka
French:
Faucon pèlerin
Croatian:
Sivi Sokol
Hungarian:
Vándorsólyom
Icelandic:
Förufálki
Italian:
Pellegrino
Japanese (romaji):
hayabusa
Japanese:
ハヤブサ
Lithuanian:
Sakalas keleivis
Dutch:
Slechtvalk
Norwegian:
Vandrefalk
Polish:
sokół wędrowny
Portuguese:
Falcão-peregrino
Portuguese (Brazil):
falcão-peregrino
Russian:
Сапсан
Slovak:
sokol sťahovavý
Serbian:
sivi soko
Swedish:
Pilgrimsfalk
Ukrainian:
Сапсан
Chinese:
游隼
Chinese (Traditional):
遊隼


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Falco [peregrinus or madens] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Abkhazian: аКапыт, аКЬа, аШЬауардын аКЬа ШЬауардын, аШЬхарыхь
Afrikaans: Swerfvalk, Valk
Arabic: الشاهين, الشاهين الشاهين
Asturian: Ferre Palomberu
Azerbaijani: adi şahin, Laçın, Şahin
Bashkir: ласын, сапсан, таш ыласыны, ыласын
Belarusian: Cокал-падарожнiк, Сапсан, Сокал-падарожнік
Bulgarian: sokol skitnik, Сокол скитник
Bengali: কম঩াতাচয , পেরেগ্রিন শাহিন, হ঩মযচগ্রন ঱াচ঴ন
Bengali (transliteration): kapōtāri, pērēgrina śāhina
Breton: Ar falc'hun kantreat, Falc'hun glas, falc'hun kantreat
Catalan: Falcó, Falcó pelegrí
Catalan (Balears): Falcó
Montenegrin: sivi soko, сиви соко
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): сиви соко
Czech: Sokol stehovavý, sokol stěhovavý
Chuvash: ахаль кайкăр, кайкăр, сапсан, чăн кăйкăр
Welsh: Cudyll glas, Gwalch glas, Hebog, Hebog dramor, hebog tramor
Danish: Vandrefalk
German: Wanderfalke, Wanderfalke , Wanderfalke-peregrinus
Greek: Πετρίτης, Τζάνος
Greek (Cypriot): Τζάνος
English: American Peregrine, North European Peregrine Falcon, Peregrine, Peregrine Falcon
English (Kenya): Peregrine/Barbary Falcon
Esperanto: Migra falko
Spanish: Falcón de Patos, Falcón Peregrino, Halcón Común, Halcón de Patos, Halcon Peregrino, Halcón Peregrino, Halcón Peregrino del Norte, Halcón Peregrino del Sur
Spanish (Argentine): Halcón peregrino
Spanish (Bolivia): Halcón peregrino
Spanish (Chile): Halcón peregrino
Spanish (Colombia): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Costa Rica): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Cuba): Halcón de Patos
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Halcón de Patos, Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Spain): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Honduras): Halcón peregrino
Inupiatun, North Alaskan: kingavaitchaiq
Spanish (Mexico): Halcón peregrino
Spanish (Nicaragua): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Panama): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Peru): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Halcón Peregrino
Spanish (Paraguay): Halcón peregrino
Spanish (Uruguay): Halcón peregrino, Halcón Peregrino del Norte, Halcón Peregrino del Sur
Spanish (Venezuela): Halcón Peregrino
Estonian: rabapistrik
Basque: Belatz handi, Belatz handia, Falcó pelegrí
Evenki: ча̄
Persian: بحری
Finnish: Muuttohaukka
Faroese: Ferðafalkur, Ferðfalkur
French: Faucon gerfaut, Faucon pelerin, Faucon pèlerin
Friulian: falchet pelegrin, falcon, falcuç piligrin
Frisian: noardske falk
Irish: fabhcún gorm, falcón peregrino, Seabhac gorm, Seabhac seilge
Guadeloupean Creole French: Faucon, Malfini
Gaelic: Seabhag
Galician: Falcó pelegrí, Falcón peregrino
Guarani: Taguato ro'y
Manx: Shirragh y Ree
Haitian Creole French: Grigri pelren
Hebrew: בז נודד
Croatian: Sivi Sokol
Hungarian: Vándorsólyom
Armenian: [Sapsan ], Սապսան
Indonesian: Alapalap Kawah, Alap-alap kawau , Alap-alap sawah, Burung Alap-alap Kawah
Icelandic: Förufálki
Italian: falco pellegrino, Falco pellegrino comune, Pellegrino
Inuktitut: Kigaviarsuk, Kikkeveokjuk
Japanese (romaji): bābarii hayabusa, Haya busa, hayabusa
Japanese: バーバリーハヤブサ, ハヤブサ
Japanese (Kanji): バーバリー隼, 隼
Georgian: შავარდენი, ჩვეულებრივი შავარდენი
Kara-Kalpak: суңқар
Kabardian: къаргъей, къэргъей
Mongolian, Halh: шууман шонхор
Khakas: Ылачын
Kazakh: Лашын
Kazakh (Transliteration): bïdayıq, laşın
Korean:
Korean (Transliteration): mae
Karachay-Balkar: сары лячин, шахан
North Karelian: muuttohaukka
Cornish: Falghun pryeryn
Kwangali: Kakodi
Kirghiz: ылаачын
Scientific: Falco cornicum, Falco orientalis, Falco pelegrinoides, Falco pelegrinoides pelegrinoides, Falco peregrinoides, Falco peregrinus, Falco peregrinus peregrinus
Luxembourgish: Spuervull , Wanderfallek
Lithuanian: Sakalas keleivis
Latvian: Lielais piekūns
Malagasy: Voromahery
Macedonian: siv sokol, Сив сокол, сив сокол;, Сокол скитник
Malayalam: കായൽപ്പുള്ള്
Mongolian: Нугасч начин, хараацайч начин, хүйхнэг, Шилийн шонхор, шууман шонхор, Эгэл шонхор
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠡᠭᠡᠯ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠰᠣᠴᠢ ᠨᠠᠴᠢᠨ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Начин
Mongolian (Transliteration): egel shoŋkhor, nachiŋ, nugasch nachiŋ, shiliŋ shoŋkhor
Moldavian: Șoim călător
Malay: Burung Falko Belalang, Burung Falko Peregrin, Burung Helang Peregrine, Falko Beialang, Falko Belalang, Helang Peregrine
Maltese: Bies, bisien
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): хараацайч начин, хүйхнэг
Nepali: शाही बाज
Dutch: Slechtvalk
Norwegian: Pilegrimsfalk, vandrefalk
Occitan: moisset pelegrin
Polish: sokól wedrowny, sokół wędrowny
Pinyin: hēi-bèi huā-lí yā, hú, huā-lí yīng, nǐ yóu-sǔn, yā-hú, yā-hǔ, yóu zhǔn, yóu-sǔn, zhǔn
Portuguese: falcăo peregrino, falcão peregrino, Falcao-peregrino, Falcão-peregrino
Portuguese (Brazil): Falcão Peregrino, falcao-peregrino, falcão-peregrino
Portuguese (Portugal): Falcão-peregrino
Romansh: falcun pelegrin
Romanian: câlâtor, Şoim călător, Şoim-câlâtor
Russian: Cапсан, Настоящий сокол, Рыжеголовый сокол, Сапсан, Сокол-сапсан, Шахин
Yakut: мохсоҕол, мохсоҕола, мохсоҕоллор
Sardinian: Astori perdighinu, Ŕcchili piscadrixi, Tilibriu
Scots: Seabhag
Northern Sami: bárbmofálli
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Peri/shahin Kurulugoya
Slovak: sokol sťahovavý
Slovenian: sokol selec
Shona: Rukodzi
Albanian: Petriti, Sokol i kuqërremtë
Serbian: sivi soko, сиви соко
Sotho, Southern: Leubane
Swedish: Pilgrimsfalk
Swahili: Kozi Tembere
Tamil: Pori Vallooru
Tajik: лочин
Thai: เหยี่ยวเพเรกริน
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw pʰee-ree-krin
Turkmen: gök bähri, laçyn, лачын, لا چ نی
Tswana: Phakwê
Turkish: Bayağı Doğan, Cüce Doğan § Ak-karınlı Cüce Doğan, Doğan, Gök Doğan, Gök Doşan, Gökdoğan, Бидайық, Лашын
Tsonga: Rigamani
Tatar: дала лачыны , сапсан
Tuvinian: Аът баштыг шаңгыр
Udmurt: кропот, лачинка, сапсанӧрӟи, тӧлпери ӧрӟи
Ukrainian: Сапсан, Сокiл мандрiвний, Сокiл-сапсан, Сокіл-сапсан
Uzbek: лочин, лочин-сапсан, оддий лочин
Vietnamese: Cắt đen, Cắt lớn, Chim Cắt lớn
Kalmyk: начин, начн, савсн, сапсн
Xhosa: Ukhetshe
Chinese: [hei-bei hua-li ya], [hu], [hua-li ying], [ya-hu], [you sun], [you zhun], [zhun], 拟游隼, 游 隼, 游隼, 花梨鹰, 遊隼, 隼, 鸭虎, 鸭鹘, 鹘, 黑背花梨鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 擬遊隼, 花梨鷹, 遊隼, 鴨虎, 鴨鶻, 鶻, 黑背花梨鴨
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 遊隼, 隼
Chinese (Taiwan): [you zhun], [zhun], 游隼, 遊隼, 隼
Zulu: uHeshe

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