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Merlin [Merlin]

Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi] (= Falco columbarius columbarius) Linnaeus, 1758




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Classification
Order:
  Falconiformes
Family:
  Falconidae
Genus:
   Falco
Scientific:
  Falco columbarius columbarius


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.90

Protonym:
  Falco columbarius

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726997


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  CB1BD32CC6DEAB2B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-CB1BD32C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/CB1BD32C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175614

Geographic range:

  • Falco columbarius columbarius: North America (except for Pacific coast and Great Plains)
  • Falco columbarius suckleyi: Alaska and British Columbia to n Washington
English:
Merlin [Merlin]
French:
Faucon émerillon [columbarius ou suckleyi]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Pigeon Hawk ( Falco columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Merlin [Merlin] ( Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi])

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Falco columbarius [columbarius, suckleyi or richardsonii]

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Arabic: اليؤيؤ أسود الذيل
Asturian: Zaperín
Azerbaijani: Derbnik
Belarusian: Сокал-дрымлюк
Bulgarian: Малък сокол
Breton: Ar falc'hun moan
Catalan: Esmerla
Catalan (Balears): Esmerla
Valencian: Falconet
Creoles and Pidgins, French-based (Other): gli-gli moutayn
Czech: Dremlík tundrový, dřemlík tundrový
Welsh: Cudyll bach
Danish: Dværgfalk
German: Merlin
Greek: Νανογέρακο
Greek (Cypriot): Νανοφάλκονο
English: Merlin, Merlin [Merlin], Pigeon Hawk
Esperanto: Kolombfalko
Spanish: Esmejerón, Esmerejón
Spanish (Colombia): Esmerejón
Spanish (Costa Rica): Esmerejón
Spanish (Cuba): Halconcito de Palomas
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Emerillon, Merlin
Spanish (Honduras): Halcón palomero
Spanish (Mexico): halcón esmerejón
Spanish (Nicaragua): Esmerejón
Spanish (Peru): Halcón Esmerejón
Spanish (Venezuela): Halcón Migratorio
Estonian: Väikepistrik
Basque: Belatz txikia
Finnish: ampuhaukka
Faroese: Smiril
French: Faucon émerillon, Faucon émerillon [columbarius ou suckleyi]
Irish: Meirliún
Guadeloupean Creole French: Gligli
Gaelic: Mèimeal
Galician: Esmerillón
Manx: Shawk veg
Haitian Creole French: Grigri Mòn
Hebrew: בז גמדי
Croatian: Mali Sokol
Hungarian: Kis sólyom
Armenian: Աղավնաբազե
Icelandic: Smyrill
Italian: Smeriglio
Japanese (romaji): Ko-chogenbo, kochougembou
Japanese: コチョウゲンボウ
Japanese (Kanji): 小長元坊
Georgian: ალალი
Kazakh: Тұрымтай
Kazakh (Transliteration): turımtay
Korean: 쇠황조롱이
Korean (Transliteration): soe-hwang-jorongi
Cornish: Falghun meyn
Scientific: Falco columbarius, Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi], Falco columbarius columbarius
Luxembourgish: Merlin
Lithuanian: Startsakalis
Latvian: Purva piekūns
Macedonian: Мал сокол
Mongolian: Хайргууна шонхор
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠭᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠠᠢᠢᠷᠠᠭᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Турамтай начин
Mongolian (Transliteration): khairgan shoŋkhor
Maltese: Seqer ta' Denbu
Dutch: Smelleken
Norwegian: Dverfalk, Dvergfalk
Polish: drzemlik
Pinyin: huī-bèi sǔn
Portuguese: Esmerilhão
Portuguese (Brazil): Esmerilhão
Romansh: Falcun merlin
Romanian: Şoim de iarnă
Russian: Дербник
Scots: Meimeal
Northern Sami: Cizašfálli
Slovak: Sokol kobec
Slovenian: mali sokol
Albanian: Skifteri i vogël
Serbian: mali soko
Swedish: Stenfalk
Thai: เหยี่ยวเมอร์ลิน
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw moee-lin
Turkish: Boz doğan
Tuvinian: Бора хокпештээр шаңгыр
Ukrainian: Дербник
Vietnamese: Cắt lưng xám
Chinese: 灰背隼
Chinese (Traditional): 灰背隼
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 灰背隼
Chinese (Taiwan): 灰背隼

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