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Flightless Cormorant

Phalacrocorax harrisi Rothschild, LW 1898

The flightless cormorant, also known as the Galapagos cormorant, is a cormorant endemic to the Galapagos Islands, and an example of the highly unusual fauna there. It is unique in that it is the only known cormorant that has lost the ability to fly. It was placed in its own genus, Nannopterum, but then was later placed with most of the other cormorants in the genus Phalacrocorax. A 2014 study supported reclassifying it and two other American cormorant species back into Nannopterum. The IOC followed this classification in 2021. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Phalacrocoracidae
Genus:
   Phalacrocorax
Scientific:
  Phalacrocorax harrisi


Original description

Citation:
  Rothschild, LW 1898

Reference:
   Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 7 p.52

Protonym:
  Phalacrocorax harrisi

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101092#page/490/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  CEA9048D47934B03

Avibase ID:
  avibase-CEA9048D

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/CEA9048D


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 561969


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Phalacrocorax harrisi: Galapagos Islands (coasts of Fernandina and Isabela)
English:
Flightless Cormorant
Catalan:
Corb marí de les Galápagos
Czech:
kormorán galapážský
Danish:
Galapagosskarv
German:
Galápagosscharbe
Spanish:
Cormorán Mancón
Spanish (Spain):
Cormorán Mancón
Finnish:
galápagosinmerimetso
French:
Cormoran aptère
Croatian:
galapagoski vranac
Hungarian:
csököttszárnyú kárókatona
Icelandic:
Hrókskarfur
Italian:
Cormorano delle Galapagos
Japanese (romaji):
garapagosubaneu
Japanese:
ガラパゴスバネウ
Lithuanian:
Galapaginis kormoranas
Dutch:
Galápagosaalscholver
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Galapagosskarv
Norwegian:
Galapagosskarv
Polish:
kormoran nielotny
Portuguese:
Biguá-das-galápagos
Russian:
Галапагосский баклан
Slovak:
kormorán nelietavý
Serbian:
Vranac neletač
Swedish:
galápagosskarv
Ukrainian:
Баклан галапагоський
Chinese:
弱翅鸬鹚
Chinese (Traditional):
難飛鸕鷀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Cormoran aptère ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Cormoran aptère ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 1st edition:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Clements, version 2021:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Clements, version 2022:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Clements 3rd edition:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Clements 4th edition:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements, version 2015:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements, version 2016:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements, version 2017:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements, version 2018:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Clements, version 2019:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 1.50:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 1.52:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 1.53:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 1.54:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 1.55:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2015:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2016:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2017:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2018:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2019:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
eBird version 2021:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
eBird version 2022:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Phalacrocorax harrisi
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Nannopterum harrisi
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Phalacrocorax harrisi
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Flightless Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax harrisi)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Flightless Cormorant ( Nannopterum harrisi)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Phalacrocorax harrisi
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Phalacrocorax harrisi

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Qalapaqos qarabatdağı
Bengali: িঈড়ার঴ীন ঩ানমকৌচড়
Bengali (transliteration): uṛālahīna pānakauṛi
Catalan: Corb marí àpter, Corb marí de les Galápagos
Czech: Kormorán galapážský
Chuvash: Галапагос бакланĕ
Danish: Galapagosskarv
German: Galapagos Scharbe, Galapagos-Kormoran, Galapagosscharbe, Galápagosscharbe, Stummelkormoran
English: Flightless Cormorant, Galapagos Cormorant, Galápagos Cormorant, Galapagos Flightless Cormorant
English, HBW: Flightless Cormorant
English (IOC): Flightless Cormorant
English (United States): Flightless Cormorant
Esperanto: Galapaga kormorano, Nefluga kormorano
Spanish: Cormorán de los Galápagos, Cormorán Mancón, Cormorán No Volador
Spanish (Ecuador): Cormorán No Volador
Spanish (Spain): Cormorán Mancón
Spanish (HBW): Flightless Cormorant
Estonian: galápagose kormoran, galápagose kormoran (galápagose karbas), galàpagose kormoran (galàpagose karbas)
Finnish: Galapagosinmerimetso, galápagosinmerimetso
French: Cormoran aptère
Croatian: galapagoski vranac
Hungarian: csököttszárnyú kárókatona
Icelandic: Hrókskarfur
Italian: Cormorano delle Galapagos
Japanese (romaji): garapagosubaneu, garapagosukobaneu
Japanese: ガラパゴスコバネウ, ガラパゴスバネウ
Kabardian: Галапагос хыбабыщ
Kazakh: Галапагос суқұзғыны
Kirghiz: Галапагос кара казы
Scientific: Compsohaelius harrisi, Nannopteron harrisi, Nannopterum harrisi, Phalacrocorax harrisi
Lithuanian: Galapaginis kormoranas
Dutch: Galapagosaalscholver, Galápagosaalscholver, Galàpagosaalscholver
Norwegian Nynorsk: Galapagosskarv
Norwegian: Galapagosskarv
Polish: kormoran nielotny
Portuguese: Biguá-das-galápagos
Portuguese (Portugal): corvo-marinho-das-galápagos
Russian: Галапагосский Баклан, Галапагосский нелетающий баклан
Slovak: Kormorán nelietavý
Serbian: Vranac neletač
Swedish: Galapagosskarv, galápagosskarv
Turkish: Galapagos Karabatağı
Ukrainian: Баклан галапагоський
Kalmyk: нисдго бакльг
Chinese: 弱翅鸬鹚
Chinese (Traditional): 難飛鸕鷀

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