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Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus]

Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] (= Poecile lugubris) (Temminck, CJ 1820)

The sombre tit is a member of the tit family found in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. Sombre tits occur in low density in thin woodlands at the elevation range between 1000 and 1600 metres above sea level. Similar to the other tit species, the sombre tit is a cavity-nesting species, which makes the nests in the holes in juniper, willow, poplar, and other relevant tree species. In some cases they nest in iron pipes, and in artificial nest-boxes. The clutch usually consists on 4 to 9 eggs, having two clutches per year. The species appear to be resident in the country with slight local movements. They breed on mountain slopes and in open deciduous forest; lower down on in trees and bushes in rocky terrain, as well as in fruit orchards. The breeding season lasts from early April till end of July - beginning of August. The food mainly consists on insects. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
   Poecile
Scientific:
  Poecile lugubris


Original description

Citation:
  (Temminck, CJ 1820)

Reference:
   Manuel Orn. Tabl. Syst. ed.2, part 1 p.293

Protonym:
  Parus lugubris

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41001858


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  CEC34DA4D6E4A0F1

Avibase ID:
  avibase-CEC34DA4

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/CEC34DA4


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 562352

Geographic range:

  • Poecile lugubris lugubris: SE Europe south to n Greece; Crete
  • Poecile lugubris [anatoliae or lugens]: S Greece to Turkey, w Georgia, Armenia, n Iraq and nw Iran
  • Poecile lugubris dubius: W Iran (Zagros Mountains); winters to ne Iraq
  • Poecile hyrcanus kirmanensis: S Iran (mountains of Kerman region)
English:
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus]
French:
Mésange lugubre [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus] ( Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus])
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2021:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2015:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2018:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Clements, version 2019:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Poecile [lugubris or hyrcanus]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Roumees
Arabic: قرقف حزين
Azerbaijani: Aralıq dəniz arıquşu, Araliq dənizi arıquşu
Belarusian: Міжземнаморская сініца
Bulgarian: Жалобен синигер
Breton: Pennglaou teñval
Catalan: mallerenga fosca
Czech: sýkora temná
Welsh: Titw tywyll Ewrop
Danish: Sørgemejse
German: Balkanmeise
Greek: Κλειδωvάς, Κλειδωνάς
English: Sombre Tit, Sombre Tit [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus]
English, HBW: Sombre Tit
English (IOC): Sombre Tit
English (United States): Sombre Tit
Esperanto: Funebra paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Lúgubre
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Lúgubre
Spanish (HBW): Carbonero lúgubre
Estonian: tammetihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz ilun
Persian: چرخ‌ ریسک سرسیاه, چرخ‌ریسک سرسیاه
Finnish: balkanintiainen
French: Mésange lugubre, Mésange lugubre [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus]
Frisian: Roumies
Irish: Meantán duairc
Galician: Ferreiriño lúgubre
Manx: Myntan dullyr
Hebrew: ירגזי חרמון
Croatian: Mrka sjenica
Hungarian: füstös cinege
Armenian: Միջերկրածովյան երաշտահավ, Միջրկրածովյան Երաժտահավ
Icelandic: Grámeisa
Italian: Cincia dalmatina
Japanese (romaji): barukankogara
Japanese: バルカンコガラ
Georgian: დიდი წიწკანურა
Scientific: Parus lugubris, Poecile lugubris, Poecile lugubris [incl. kirmanensis, excl. hyrcanus], Poecile lugubris lugubris
Luxembourgish: Trauermees
Lithuanian: Didžioji pilkoji zylė
Latvian: sēru zīlīte
Macedonian: Голема црноглава сипка
Dutch: Rouwmees
Norwegian Nynorsk: Balkanmeis
Norwegian: Balkanmeis
Polish: sikora żałobna
Portuguese: chapim-sombrio
Portuguese (Portugal): chapim-lúgubre, Chapim-sombrio
Rhaeto-Romance: Maset trist
Romanian: Pițigoi de livadă, Piţigoi de livadă
Russian: Гаичка средиземноморская, Средиземноморская гаичка
Northern Sami: Balkángaccet, Bálkangaccet
Slovak: sýkorka smútočná
Slovenian: žalobna sinica
Albanian: Trishtili i madh i murmë, Trishtili i madhe i murrmë
Serbian: mediteranska sjenica, Senica šljivarka
Swedish: balkanmes
Turkish: Ak Yanaklı Baştankara, Akyanaklı baştankara
Ukrainian: Гаїчка середземноморська
Chinese: 暗山雀
Chinese (Traditional): 灰暗山雀

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