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Lesser Crested-Tern

Thalasseus bengalensis (Lesson, 1831)

The Lesser Crested Tern (Thalasseus bengalensis, syn. Sterna bengalensis - see Bridge et al., 2005) is a seabird of the tern family Sternidae. It breeds in subtropical coastal parts of the world mainly from the Red Sea across the Indian Ocean to the western Pacific, and Australia, with a significant population on the southern coast of the Mediterranean on two islands off the Libyan coast. Accidental breeding has also been reported in Italy and France. The Australian birds are probably sedentary, but other populations are migratory, wintering south to South Africa. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Thalasseus

Scientific:
  Thalasseus bengalensis

Citation:
  (Lesson, 1831)

Reference:
  TraitedOrn. livr.8 p.621

Protonym:
  Sterna bengalensis

Avibase ID:
  D01CDECDCA736E26

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D01CDECD

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824139

Geographic range:

  • Thalasseus bengalensis bengalensis: Red Sea, Pakistan, Laccadives and Maldives; winters S Africa
  • Thalasseus bengalensis torresii: Persian Gulf; Sulawesi to New Guinea and n Australia
  • Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus: Libya; winters off w African coast
English:
Lesser Crested-Tern
Czech:
rybák oranžovozobý
German:
Rüppellseeschwalbe
Danish:
Bengalsk Terne
Spanish:
Charrán Bengalí
Finnish:
pikkutöyhtötiira
French:
Sterne voyageuse
Icelandic:
Bengalþerna
Italian:
Sterna di Rüppell
Japanese:
bengaruajisashi
Japanese:
ベンガルアジサシ
Dutch:
Bengaalse Stern
Norwegian:
Bengalterne
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Bengalterne
Polish:
rybitwa bengalska
Portuguese:
Gaivina-de-bico-laranja
Russian:
Бенгальская крачка
Slovak:
rybár prostredný
Swedish:
iltärna
Ukrainian:
Крячок бенгальський
Chinese:
小凤头燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Sterne voyageuse ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Sterne voyageuse ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Lesser Crested Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Thalasseus bengalensis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Thalasseus bengalensis [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Thalasseus bengalensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Lesser Crested-Tern ( Sterna bengalensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus bengalensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus bengalensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kuifkopseeswael, Kuifkopseeswael (Kuifkopsterretjie), Kuifkopsterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة المتوجة الصغيرة
Bengali: বাংলা টিকিপানচিল
Catalan: Llambritja bengalí, Xatrac bengalí, Xatrac de Bengala
Catalan (Balears): Llambritja bengalí
Czech: Rybák Lessonuv, rybák oranžovozobý
Welsh: Morwennol gribog leiaf
Danish: Bengalsk Terne, Bengalterne
German: Ruppellseeschwalbe, Rüppellseeschwalbe, Rüppell-Seeschwalbe, Rüppelseeschwalbe, Rüppel-Seeschwalbe
Maldivian: Ainmathee Gaadhooni
Greek: Πορτοκαλόραμφο Γλαρόνι, Ταξιδογλάρονο
English: Crested Tern, Lesser Crested Tern, Lesser Crested-Tern, Lesser Crester Tern, Little crested Tern
English (IOC): Lesser Crested Tern
English (Kenya): Lesser Crested Tern
Spanish: Charrán begalés, Charrán Bengalés, Charrán Bengali, Charrán Bengalí, Gaviotin Bengalí
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Bengalí
Spanish (HBW): Charrán bengalí
Estonian: liivatiir
Basque: Xatrac bengalí
Persian: پرستودریایی کاکلی کوچک
Finnish: Pikkutöyhtötiira
French: Sterne du Bengale, Sterne voyageuse
Irish: Miongheabhróg Chíorach
Galician: Carrán bengalés, Xatrac bengalí
Hebrew: כתומת מקור, שחפית בנגלית, שחפית כתומת־מקור
Hungarian: bengáli csér, Bengáliai csér
Indonesian: Burung Dara Laut Jambul Kecil, Burung Dara-laut Benggala, Dara laut jambul kecil, Dara laut jambul putih, Daralaut Benggala, Dara-laut Benggala
Icelandic: Bengalþerna
Italian: Sterna di Rueppel, Sterna di Rüppel, Sterna di Ruppell, Sterna di Rüppell
Japanese: bengaru ajisashi, bengaruajisashi
Japanese: ベンガルアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): ベンガル鯵刺
Scientific: Sterna bengalensis, Sterna bengalensis par, Thalasseus bengalensis, Thalasseus bengalensis bengalensis
Lithuanian: Bengalinė žuvėdra
Latvian: mazais cekulzīriņš
Malagasy: Samby
Malayalam: ചെറിയ കടല്‍  ആള , ചെറിയ കടലാള
Malay: Burung Camar Berjambul Kecil, Burung Camar Kecil Berjambul, Camar Kecil Berjambul
Dutch: Bengaalse Stern
Norwegian Nynorsk: Bengalterne
Norwegian: Bengalterne
Polish: rybitwa bengalska
Pinyin: xiǎo fèng-tóu yàn-ōu
Portuguese: Gaivina-de-bico-laranja, Garajau-pequeno
Portuguese (Portugal): Garajau-pequeno
Romansh: Pestgarel bengal
Russian: Бенгальская крачка, Крачка бенгальская
Sindhi: د شَٕ ىً اٍي يي ٽبٽڄي ٽ ؿًټ
Slovak: rybár prostredný
Slovenian: bengalska cigra, bengalska čigra
Serbian: Bengalska čigra
Swedish: Iltärna
Swahili: Shakwe Kishungi Mdogo
Tamil: Kondai Aala
Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบหงอนเล็ก
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan klàeep ŋŏaan lék
Turkish: Tepeli Sumru
Ukrainian: Крячок бенгальський
Chinese: 小凤头燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 小鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小鳳頭燕鷗

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