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Ground Woodpecker

Geocolaptes olivaceus (Gmelin, JF, 1788)

The Ground Woodpecker (Geocolaptes olivaceus) is one of only three ground-dwelling woodpeckers in the world (the others are the Andean and Campo Flickers). It inhabits rather barren, steep, boulder-strewn slopes in relatively cool hilly and mountainous areas of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland and has yet to be recorded outside of Southern Africa. It is the largest woodpecker in the region, reaching 30 cm in length. It usually goes about in pairs or small parties and is best located by its loud, raucous 2-note call (chik-ree, chik-ree) with head-swinging. It often peers over or around rocks at intruders. It breeds in spring and early summer (August to November), and the nest is in a tunnel excavated by the bird itself in the vertical bank of a stream or watercourse. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Piciformes
Family:
  Picidae
Genus:
  Geocolaptes

Scientific:
  Geocolaptes olivaceus

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1788)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.431

Protonym:
  Picus olivaceus

Avibase ID:
  D1B9D410B7F4A6BB

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D1B9D410

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 554008


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Geocolaptes olivaceus: South Africa and Lesotho
English:
Ground Woodpecker
Czech:
datel zemní
German:
Erdspecht
Danish:
Jordspætte
Spanish:
Pito Terrestre
Finnish:
maatikka
French:
Pic laboureur
Icelandic:
Hlíðaspæta
Italian:
Picchio terragnolo
Japanese:
iwakitsutsuki
Japanese:
イワキツツキ
Dutch:
Kaapse Grondspecht
Norwegian:
Jordspett
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Jordspett
Polish:
dzieciol ziemny
Portuguese:
Pica-pau-das-rochas
Russian:
Земляной дятел
Slovak:
žlna zemná
Swedish:
markspett
Ukrainian:
Дятел сіроголовий
Chinese:
地啄木鸟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Pic laboureur ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Pic laboureur ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Geocolaptes olivaceus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Geocolaptes olivaceus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Geocolaptes olivaceus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Ground Woodpecker ( Geocolaptes olivaceus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Geocolaptes olivaceus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Geocolaptes olivaceus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Grondspeg
Catalan: Picot terrestre
Czech: Datel zemní
Danish: Jordspætte
German: Erdspecht
English: African Ground Woodpecker, Ground Woodpecker
English (IOC): Ground Woodpecker
Spanish: Pico de la Tierra, Pito Terrestre
Spanish (Spain): Pito Terrestre
Spanish (HBW): Ground Woodpecker
Estonian: maarähn
Finnish: Maatikka
French: Pic laboureur
Hungarian: földi harkály
Icelandic: Hlíðaspæta
Italian: Picchio terragnolo, Picchio terragnolo africano
Japanese: iwakitsutsuki
Japanese: イワキツツキ
Scientific: Geocolaptes olivaceus, Picus olivaceus
Lithuanian: Dirvinis genys
Dutch: Kaapse Grondspecht
Norwegian Nynorsk: Jordspett
Norwegian: Jordspett
Polish: dzieciol ziemny, dzięcioł ziemny, dzięciolik ziemny
Portuguese: Pica-pau-das-rochas
Russian: Земляной дятел
Slovak: ďateľ zemný, žlna zemná
Sotho, Southern: Khatajoe
Swedish: Markspett
Tsonga: Xidzingirhi
Ukrainian: Дятел сіроголовий
Xhosa: Ungximde
Chinese: 地啄木鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 地啄木, 非洲地啄木
Zulu: umNqangqandolo

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