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Passenger Pigeon

Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766)

The Passenger Pigeon or Wild Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) is an extinct North American bird. The species lived in enormous migratory flocks until the early 20th century, when hunting and habitat destruction led to its demise. One flock in 1866 in southern Ontario was described as being 1 mi (1.5 km) wide and 300 mi (500 km) long, took 14 hours to pass, and held in excess of 3.5 billion birds. That number, if accurate, would likely represent a large fraction of the entire population at the time. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Columbiformes
Family:
  Columbidae
Genus:
  Ectopistes

Scientific:
  Ectopistes migratorius

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.12 p.285

Protonym:
  Columba migratoria

Avibase ID:
  D397FE255A606DE8

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D397FE25

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177132


EXTINCT

Geographic range:

  • Ectopistes migratorius: Formerly e Canada and US. Extinct; last reported in wild 1914
English:
Passenger Pigeon
Czech:
holub stěhovavý
German:
Wandertaube
Danish:
Vandredue
Spanish:
paloma migratoria
Finnish:
muuttokyyhky
French:
Tourte voyageuse
Icelandic:
Flökkudúfa
Italian:
Piccione migratore
Japanese:
ryokoubato
Japanese:
リョコウバト
Dutch:
Trekduif
Norwegian:
Vandredue
Polish:
golab wedrowny
Portuguese:
Pombo-viajante
Russian:
Странствующий голубь
Slovak:
holub sťahovavý
Swedish:
vandringsduva
Ukrainian:
Голуб мандрівний
Chinese:
旅鴿


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Tourte voyageuse ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tourte voyageuse ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 3rd edition:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 4th edition:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements, version 2015:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements, version 2016:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements, version 2017:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements, version 2018:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Clements, version 2019:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 1.50:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 1.52:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 1.53:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 1.54:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 1.55:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 2015:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 2016:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 2017:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 2018:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
eBird version 2019:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
James Lee Peters:
Ectopistes migratorius
James Lee Peters (original):
Ectopistes migratoria
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Ectopistes migratoria
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ectopistes migratorius
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ectopistes migratorius

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Colom migratori
Czech: holub stěhovavý
Danish: Vandredue
German: Wandertaube
English: Passenger Pigeon, Wild Pigeon
English (IOC): Passenger Pigeon
Spanish: paloma migratoria, paloma pasajera
Spanish (Cuba): Paloma migratoria
Spanish (Spain): Paloma migratoria
Spanish (HBW): Passenger Pigeon
Spanish (Mexico): Paloma Migratoria, paloma pasajera
Estonian: rändtuvi
Finnish: Muuttokyyhky
French: Colombe voyageuse, Pigeon migrateur, Tourte, Tourte voyageuse
Irish: Colm imirce
Croatian: Golub selac
Hungarian: vándorgalamb
Icelandic: Flökkudúfa
Italian: Piccione migratore
Japanese: ryokoubato
Japanese: リョコウバト
Scientific: Columba migratoria, Ectopistes migratoria, Ectopistes migratorius
Lithuanian: Karvelis keleivis
Latvian: ceļotājbalodis
Dutch: Trekduif
Norwegian: Vandrdue, Vandredue
Polish: golab wedrowny, gołąb wędrowny
Portuguese: Pombo-viajante
Russian: Странствующий голубь
Slovak: holub sťahovavý
Slovenian: golob selec
Serbian: Golub selac
Swedish: Vandringsduva
Turkish: göçmen kumru
Ukrainian: Голуб мандрівний
Chinese: 旅鴿
Chinese (Traditional): 旅鴿, 旅鴿1914滅絕

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