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Black Grouse

Lyrurus tetrix (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Black Grouse or Blackgame (Tetrao tetrix) is a large game bird in the grouse family. It is a sedentary species, breeding across northern Eurasia in moorland and bog areas near to woodland, mostly boreal. The Black Grouse is closely related to the Caucasian Grouse. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
  Lyrurus

Scientific:
  Lyrurus tetrix

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao Tetrix

Avibase ID:
  D4441CD6E9C993EF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D4441CD6

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 677538

Geographic range:

  • Lyrurus tetrix tetrix: Scandinavia to France and n Italy east to Siberia
  • Lyrurus tetrix britannicus: Great Britain (northern England and Scotland, including the Inner Hebrides)
  • Lyrurus tetrix viridanus: SE Russia to Siberian steppes
  • Lyrurus tetrix tschusii: S Siberia south to nw Altai and Sayan mountains
  • Lyrurus tetrix mongolicus: Russian Altai to Chinese Turkestan
  • Lyrurus tetrix ussuriensis: SE Siberia (Lake Baikal) to nw Korea and n Mongolia
  • Lyrurus tetrix baikalensis: SE Siberia to n Mongolia and nw Manchuria
  • Show more...
English:
Black Grouse
Czech:
tetřívek obecný
German:
Birkhuhn
Danish:
Urfugl
Spanish:
Gallo lira común
Finnish:
teeri
French:
Tétras lyre
Icelandic:
Orri
Italian:
Fagiano di monte
Japanese:
kuroraichou
Japanese:
クロライチョウ
Dutch:
Korhoen
Norwegian:
Orrfugl
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Orrfugl
Polish:
cietrzew
Portuguese:
Galo-lira
Russian:
Тетерев
Slovak:
tetrov hoľniak
Swedish:
orre
Ukrainian:
Тетерук євразійський
Chinese:
黑琴鸡


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Tétras lyre ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tétras lyre ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Grouse ( Lyurus tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Belarusian: cieciaruk, Касач, цецярук
Bulgarian: Тетрев
Breton: skilgog du
Catalan: Gall de cua forcada, Perdiu blanca
Valencian: Perdiu blanca
Montenegrin: tetrijeb ruševac
Czech: tetøívek obecný, tetřívek, Tetrívek obecný, Tetřívek obecný
Chuvash: Ахаль ăсан
Welsh: Ceiliog ddu, Ceiliog y mynydd, Grugiag ddu, grugiar ddu, Iâr ddu y mynydd
Danish: Urfugl
German: Birkhuhn
Greek: [liropeteinos], liropeteinos, Λυροπετεινός
English: Black Grouse, Blackcock, Eurasian Black Grouse, Northern Black Grouse
English (IOC): Black Grouse
Esperanto: Tetro
Spanish: Gallo lira, Gallo lira común, Gallo-lira Común, Urogallo Lira
Spanish (Spain): Gallo Lira Común
Spanish (HBW): Gallo lira común
Estonian: Teder
Basque: lira-oilar, Lira-oilarra
Finnish: Teeri
Faroese: orri
French: Coq de bruyère, Petit Coq de bruyère, Petit Tétras, Tétras lyre, Tétras-lyre
Friulian: forcel, gjal forcel, gjal forcjŕs
Frisian: kuorhin
Irish: Dúchoileach, galo lira, liathchearc
Gaelic: Cearc Liach, Coileach-Dubh, Liath-Chearc
Galician: Galo lira
Manx: kellagh doo, kiark lheeah
Hebrew: שכו-י עוגן
Croatian: mali tetrijeb, Tetrijeb ruševac
Hungarian: Nyírfajd
Icelandic: Orri
Italian: Fagiano di monte, Fagiano di monte eurasiatico, faginao di monte, forcello, gallo forcello
Japanese: kuro raichō, kuroraichou, Kuro-raichou
Japanese: クロライチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒雷鳥
Khakas: Кÿркÿ
Kazakh: Құр
Kazakh (Transliteration): qur
Korean: 멧닭
Korean (Transliteration): me-t-dalg
Cornish: Culyek du, kulyek du, yar du, Yar wyls, Yer gwyls
Scientific: Lyrurus tetrix, Lyrurus tetrix tetrix, Lyurus tetrix, Tetrao tetrix
Ladino: gial fosch
Luxembourgish: Bierkhong
Lithuanian: Burbulis, Cecerukas, Eurazinis tetervinas, tetervinas, Tetirva
Latvian: Melnais teteris, rubenis, teteris
Macedonian: mal tetreb, Лирест (Мал) тетреб, мал тетреб
Mongolian: Хар хур, Хур
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Buryat): Хура
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хур, Хур гургуул
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khur, khur, khur gurguul, khurа
Moldavian: Cocoșul de mesteacăn
Dutch: Korheoen, Korhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Orrfugl
Norwegian: Orfugl, Orrfugl
Occitan: gal salvatge
Polish: cietrzew, cietrzew (zwyczajny), Cietrzew zwyczajny
Pinyin: hēi qín jī
Portuguese: galo lira, galolira, Galo-lira, Tetraz-lira
Portuguese (Portugal): Tetraz-lira
Romansh: cot, Cot da draussa, giaglina da draussa, gialina da draussa
Romanian: Cocoş de mesteacăn, cocos-de-mesteacan, cocoş-de-mesteacăn
Russian: teterev, Косач, Полевой тетерев, Тетерев, Тетерев обыкновенный, тетерев-косач
Sardinian: cirolitta, fagianu, fazanu, pidraxu de monti, tzurulittu
Scots: Coileach dubh, eun-fraoich
Northern Sami: hurri
Slovak: tetrov hoľniak, Tetrov obyčajný
Slovenian: ruševec, škarjevec
Albanian: Gjeli i egër bishtlirë, gjeli lirë, Pule e egër
Serbian: mali, Ruševac, tetreb, tetrijeb ruževac, мали, Ружавак, тетреб, тетреб мали, Тетреб ружавац, Тетреб рушевак, Тетреб рушевац
Swedish: Orre
Turkmen: orman horozu
Turkish: Orman horozu, Orman Tavuğu, Құр
Tuvinian: Күртү
Ukrainian: teteruk, Тетерев, тетерук, Тетерук євразійський
Sorbian, Lower: źiwa kokoš
Sorbian, Upper: brězan, ćećor
Chinese: [dou ji], [hei qin ji], [hei ye-ji], [wu-ji], 乌鸡, 斗鸡, 黑琴鸡, 黑野鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 黑琴雞

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