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Black Grouse

Lyrurus tetrix (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The black grouse, northern black grouse, Eurasian black grouse, blackgame, or blackcock, is a large game bird in the grouse family. It is a sedentary species, spanning across the Palearctic in moorland and steppe habitat when breeding, often near wooded areas. They will spend the winter perched in dense forests, feeding almost exclusively on the needles of conifers. The black grouse is one of 2 species of grouse in the genus Lyrurus, the other being the lesser-known Caucasian grouse. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
   Lyrurus
Scientific:
  Lyrurus tetrix


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao Tetrix

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727066


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  D4441CD6E9C993EF

Avibase ID:
  avibase-D4441CD6

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D4441CD6


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 677538

Geographic range:

  • Lyrurus tetrix tetrix: Scandinavia to France and n Italy east to Siberia
  • Lyrurus tetrix britannicus: Great Britain (northern England and Scotland, including the Inner Hebrides)
  • Lyrurus tetrix viridanus: SE Russia to Siberian steppes
  • Lyrurus tetrix tschusii: S Siberia south to nw Altai and Sayan mountains
  • Lyrurus tetrix mongolicus: Russian Altai to Chinese Turkestan
  • Lyrurus tetrix ussuriensis: SE Siberia (Lake Baikal) to nw Korea and n Mongolia
  • Lyrurus tetrix baikalensis: SE Siberia to n Mongolia and nw Manchuria
  • Show more...
English:
Black Grouse
Catalan:
Gall de cua forcada
Czech:
tetřívek obecný
Danish:
Urfugl
German:
Birkhuhn
Spanish:
Gallo lira común
Spanish (Spain):
Gallo Lira Común
Finnish:
teeri
French:
Tétras lyre
Croatian:
Tetrijeb ruševac
Hungarian:
Nyírfajd
Icelandic:
Orri
Italian:
Fagiano di monte
Japanese (romaji):
kuroraichou
Japanese:
クロライチョウ
Lithuanian:
Tetervinas
Dutch:
Korhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Orrfugl
Norwegian:
Orrfugl
Polish:
cietrzew
Portuguese:
tetraz-lira
Russian:
Тетерев
Slovak:
tetrov hoľniak
Serbian:
Ruševac
Swedish:
orre
Ukrainian:
Тетерук
Chinese:
黑琴鸡
Chinese (Traditional):
黑琴雞


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Tétras lyre ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tétras lyre ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Grouse ( Lyurus tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Eurasian Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Grouse ( Tetrao tetrix) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black Grouse ( Lyrurus tetrix) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Lyrurus tetrix [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Altai: кӱртӱк
Bashkir: ҡор, ҡорҙар, оҙан
Belarusian: cieciaruk, Касач, цецярук
Bulgarian: Обикновен тетрев, Тетрев
Breton: skilgog du
Catalan: Gall de cua forcada, Perdiu blanca
Valencian: Perdiu blanca
Montenegrin: tetrijeb ruševac, тетријеб рушевац
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): тетријеб рушевац
Czech: tetøívek obecný, tetřívek, Tetrívek obecný, Tetřívek obecný
Chuvash: ăсан, ăсанĕ, ăсансем, ахаль, Ахаль ăсан
Welsh: Ceiliog ddu, Ceiliog y mynydd, Grugiag ddu, grugiar ddu, Iâr ddu y mynydd
Danish: Urfugl
German: Birkhuhn
Greek: [liropeteinos], liropeteinos, Λυρoπετειvός, Λυροπετεινός
English: Black Grouse, Blackcock, Eurasian Black Grouse, Northern Black Grouse
English, HBW: Black Grouse
English (IOC): Black Grouse
English (United States): Black Grouse
Esperanto: Nigra tetro, Tetro
Spanish: Gallo lira, Gallo lira común, Gallo-lira Común, Urogallo Lira
Spanish (Spain): Gallo Lira Común
Spanish (HBW): Gallo lira común
Estonian: Teder
Basque: lira-oilar, Lira-oilarra
Evenki: ccoróki, hорого, hоролго, onon, бурбукӣ, иннан, куртэяк, орокӣ, хорого, хорокӣ, чибанавкӣ, чибинавкӣ
Finnish: Teeri
Faroese: orri
French: Coq de bruyère, Petit Coq de bruyère, Petit Tétras, Tétras lyre, Tétras-lyre
Friulian: forcel, gjal forcel, gjal forcjŕs
Frisian: kuorhin
Irish: Dúchoileach, galo lira, liathchearc
Gaelic: Cearc Liach, Coileach dubh, Coileach-Dubh, Liath-Chearc
Galician: Galo lira
Manx: kellagh doo, kiark lheeah
Hebrew: שכווי שחור, שכו-י עוגן
Croatian: mali tetrijeb, Tetrijeb ruševac
Hungarian: Nyírfajd
Icelandic: Orri
Italian: Fagiano di monte, Fagiano di monte eurasiatico, faginao di monte, forcello, gallo forcello
Japanese (romaji): kuro raichō, kuroraichou, Kuro-raichou
Japanese: クロライチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒雷鳥
Kara-Kalpak: қарақур
Kabardian: губгъуэджэд, тафэмысырджэд
Mongolian, Halh: нургийн сойр
Khakas: Кÿркÿ
Kazakh: қарағай-ұлар, қарақұр, Құр, саудырлақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qur
Korean: 멧닭
Korean (Transliteration): me-t-dalg
Karachay-Balkar: къайын тауукъ
North Karelian: tetri
Cornish: Culyek du, kulyek du, yar du, Yar wyls, Yer gwyls
Kirghiz: кара кур
Scientific: Lyrurus tetrix, Lyrurus tetrix tetrix, Lyurus tetrix, Tetrao tetrix
Ladino: gial fosch
Luxembourgish: Bierkhong , Biirkhong
Lithuanian: Burbulis, Cecerukas, Eurazinis tetervinas, tetervinas, Tetirva
Latvian: Melnais teteris, rubenis, teteris
Macedonian: mal tetreb, Лирест (Мал) тетреб, мал тетреб
Mongolian: ар хахилаг, нургийн сойр , Хар хур, хахилаг, Хур
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠷ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Buryat): Хура
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хур, Хур гургуул
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar khur, khur, khur gurguul, khurа
Moldavian: Cocoșul de mesteacăn
Maltese: faġan tal-muntanja
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): ар хахилаг, хахилаг
Dutch: Korheoen, Korhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Orrfugl
Norwegian: Orfugl, Orrfugl
Occitan: gal salvatge
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): pyy, pyyn
Polish: cietrzew, cietrzew (zwyczajny), Cietrzew zwyczajny
Pinyin: hēi qín jī
Portuguese: galo lira, galolira, Galo-lira, Tetraz-lira
Portuguese (Portugal): Tetraz-lira
Romansh: cot, Cot da draussa, giaglina da draussa, gialina da draussa
Rhaeto-Romance: Giaglina da draussa
Romanian: Cocoș de mesteacăn, Cocoş de mesteacăn, cocos-de-mesteacan, cocoş-de-mesteacăn
Russian: teterev, Косач, Полевой тетерев, Тетерев, Тетерев обыкновенный, тетерев-косач
Yakut: куртуйах, куртуйаха, куртуйахтар
Sardinian: cirolitta, fagianu, fazanu, pidraxu de monti, tzurulittu
Scots: Coileach dubh, eun-fraoich
Northern Sami: hurri
Slovak: tetrov hoľniak, Tetrov obyčajný
Slovenian: ruševec, škarjevec
Albanian: Gjeli i egër bishtlirë, gjeli lirë, Pule e egër
Serbian: mali, Ruševac, tetreb, tetrijeb ruževac, мали, Ружавак, тетреб, тетреб мали, Тетреб ружавац, Тетреб рушевак, Тетреб рушевац
Swedish: Orre
Tajik: тетереви муқаррарӣ
Turkmen: orman horozu
Turkish: Orman horozu, Orman Tavuğu, Құр
Tatar: көртлек, кыр тавыгы , озан, озаннар, озаны, урман тавыгы
Tuvinian: Күртү, хүртү
Udmurt: кудыр, пичи дукья, тур, тур папа
Ukrainian: teteruk, Тетерев, тетерук, Тетерук євразійський
Sorbian, Lower: źiwa kokoš
Sorbian, Upper: brězan, ćećor
Kalmyk: асан, сойр, сойыр, хур, хуру
Chinese: [dou ji], [hei qin ji], [hei ye-ji], [wu-ji], 乌鸡, 斗鸡, 黑琴鸡, 黑野鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 黑琴雞

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