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Whistling Swan

Cygnus columbianus (Ord, 1815)

The tundra swan is a small swan of the Holarctic. The two taxa within it are usually regarded as conspecific, but are also sometimes split into two species: Bewick's swan of the Palaearctic and the whistling swan proper of the Nearctic. Birds from eastern Russia are sometimes separated as the subspecies C. c. jankowskii, but this is not widely accepted as distinct, with most authors including them in C. c. bewickii. Tundra swans are sometimes separated in the subgenus Olor together with the other Arctic swan species. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
   Cygnus
Scientific:
  Cygnus columbianus


Original description

Citation:
  (Ord, 1815)

Reference:
  Geogr.[Guthrie]ed.2(Am.) p.319

Protonym:
  Anas Columbianus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40043593


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  D611DD41EE95AC08

Avibase ID:
  avibase-D611DD41

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D611DD41


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174987

Geographic range:

  • Cygnus columbianus: Tundra of arctic North America; winters to w and coastal e US
English:
Whistling Swan
French:
Cygne siffleur
Croatian:
Mali labud
Italian:
Cigno minore
Japanese (romaji):
Ko-hakuchou
Portuguese:
Cisne-pequeno
Ukrainian:
Американський лебідь
Chinese (Traditional):
小天鵝


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Cygne siffleur ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Whistling Swan ( Olor columbianus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Whistling Swan ( Cygnus columbianus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Tundra Swan (Whistling) ( Cygnus columbianus columbianus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Cygnus columbianus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Cygnus columbianus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Cygnus columbianus [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cygnus columbianus columbianus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Cygnus [columbianus or bewickii] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Arabic: تم التندرا (columbianus)
Asturian: Cisne, Cisne pequeñu (neárticu), Piqueñu
Azerbaijani: Kiçik qu (columbianus yarımnövü), Kiçik qu quşu, vistlinq qu quşu
Bashkir: Америка аҡҡошо
Belarusian: Малы лебедзь
Bulgarian: Tундров лебед, Малък лебед американски, Тундров лебед, Тундров лебед (ssp. columbianus)
Bengali: চ঱঳ভায ভযার , থুন্দ্রা ভযার
Bengali (transliteration): śisamāra marāla*, thundrā marāla
Breton: An alarc'h Bewick
Catalan: Cigne petit, Cigne petit (neàrtic)
Catalan (Balears): Cigne petit
Cree: oshoashoo myapshoo, wâpisiw, wapsoo
Cree, Plains: oshoashoo myapshoo, wapsoo
Cree (syllabic): ᐚᐱᓯᐤ
Czech: Labut malá, Labuť malá, labuť malá (ssp. columbianus), labuť malá americká
Chuvash: Америка акăшĕ
Welsh: Alarch Bewick
Danish: Pibesvane, Pibesvane (ssp. columbianus), Tundrasvane
German: Pfeifschwan, Zwergschwan, Zwergschwan (Pfeifschwan)
Greek: Νανόκυκνος, Νανόκυκνος (columbianus)
Greek (Cypriot): Νανόκυκνος
English: Bewick's Swan, Tundra Swan, Tundra Swan (Whistling), Whistling swan, Whistling Swan (atlanticus), Whistling Swan (nominate)
English (United Kingdom): Bewick's Swan, Bewick's Swan (Whistling)
English, HBW: Tundra Swan (Whistling)
English (IOC): Tundra Swan (Whistling)
English (United States): Tundra Swan (Whistling)
Esperanto: Malgranda cigno
Spanish: Cinse de tundra, Cisne chico, Cisne Chico (neártico), Cisne de tundra, Cisne de Tundra (columbianus), Cisne silbador, Cisne silbón
Spanish (Cuba): Cisne, Cisne (columbianus)
Spanish (Spain): Cisne Chico, Cisne Chico (Neartico), Cisne chico (neártico)
Spanish (HBW): Tundra Swan (Whistling)
Spanish (Mexico): Cisne de tundra, Cisne de Tundra (columbianus)
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Cisne de Tundra
Estonian: Ameerika väikeluik, Väikeluik
Basque: Beltxarga txistularia, Beltxarga txistularia (columbianus), Cigne petit
Persian: قوی کوچک, قوی کوچک (columbianus)
Finnish: Pikkujoutsen, pikkujoutsen (alalaji columbianus), pikkujoutsen (columbianus)
Faroese: Smáokn
French: Cygne américain, Cygne de Bewick, Cygne siffleur, Cygne siffleur (atlanticus), Cygne siffleur (columbianus), Cygne siffleur (nominal), Cygne siffleur (nominale), Cygne siffleur (race nominale)
Frisian: Lytse Swan
Irish: Eala Bewick
Gaelic: Eala Bheag
Galician: Cigne petit, Cisne pequeno, Cisne pequeño (neártico)
Hebrew: ברבור טונדרה, ברבור קטן, ברבור קטן (שורק)
Croatian: Mali labud
Hungarian: Kis hattyú, Kis hattyú (Fütyülő)
Armenian: Փոքր Կարապ, Փոքր կարապ (Սուլող)
Icelandic: Blístursvanur, Dvergsvanur, Dvergsvanur (columbianus)
Italian: Cigno minore
Inuktitut: Qujjuk, Qussuk
Japanese (romaji): amerika ko haku-chō, amerikakohakuchou, haku-chō, ko haku-chō, Ko-hakucho, Ko-hakuchou, kohakuchou (columbianus)
Japanese: アメリカコハクチョウ, アメリカコハクチョウ (columbianus), コハクチョウ, コハクチョウ (columbianus), コハクチョウ(亜種 アメリカコハクチョウ), ハクチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): アメリカ小白鳥, 小白鳥, 白鳥
Georgian: მცირე მყივანი გედი
Kabardian: америкэкъыу
Kazakh: Америка аққуы, Кіші аққу
Kazakh (Transliteration): kişi aq-qw
Korean: 고니
Korean (Transliteration): goni
Kirghiz: Америка куусу
Scientific: Anas Columbianus, Cygnus bewickii, Cygnus bewickii bewickii, Cygnus columbianus, Cygnus columbianus (atlanticus), Cygnus columbianus (columbianus), Cygnus columbianus atlanticus, Cygnus columbianus bewickii, Cygnus columbianus columbianus, Olor columbianus, Olor columbianus columbianus
Lithuanian: Mažoji gulbe, Mažoji gulbė, Tundrinė gulbė, Tundrinė gulbė (columbianus)
Latvian: Mazais gulbis
Macedonian: мал лебед
Mongolian: Гунгар хун
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠭᠣᠨᠭᠠᠷ ᠬᠣᠨ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠣᠭᠣᠳᠣᠩ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠬᠣᠨ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Оодон хушуут хун, Толбот хун
Mongolian (Transliteration): guŋg ar khuŋ, oodoŋ hushuut huŋ, tolbot khuŋ
Nepali: राजहंस
Dutch: Fluit zwaan, Fluitzwaan, Kleine zwaan, Kleine Zwaan (columbianus)
Norwegian: Dvergsvane, dvergsvane (columbianus), rasen columbianus
Polish: labedz czarnodzioby, Łabędź czarnodzioby, łabędź czarnodzioby (columbianus), łabędź czarnodzioby (łabędź mały)
Pinyin: bái-é, duǎn-zuǐ tiān-é, hú, shí-é, táiyuán tiān-é, xiǎo tiān-é, xiào-shēng tiān-é
Portuguese: cisne pequeno, Cisne-pequeno
Portuguese (Portugal): Cisne-assobiador, Cisne-pequeno, cisne-pequeno (columbianus)
Romansh: cign pitschen
Russian: Американский лебедь, Американский лебедь (Американский), Лебедь американский, Малый лебедь, Тундровый лебедь
Yakut: Америка кубата
Northern Sami: Deagganjukcá
Slovak: labuť tundrová, labuť tundrová (skup.)
Slovenian: mali labod, Mali labod (columbianus)
Albanian: Mjelma e vogël
Serbian: Mali labud, Mali labud (columbianus)
Swedish: Mindre sångsvan, mindre sångsvan (columbianus), Tundrasvan
Turkish: Küçük Kuğu, Küçük Kuğu (columbianus), Küçük Kuşu, Tundra Kuğusu, Кіші аққу
Tatar: Америка аккошы
Udmurt: Америкаысь юсь
Ukrainian: Американський лебідь
Uzbek: Америка тундра оққуши
Chinese: 啸声天鹅, 小天鹅, 小天鹅(北美), 白鹅, 短嘴天鹅, 苔原天鹅, 食鹅, 鹄
Chinese (Traditional): 嘯聲天鵝, 小天鵝, 小天鹅(北美), 白鵝, 短嘴天鵝, 苔原天鵝, 食鵝, 鵠
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小天鵝, 鵠
Chinese (Taiwan): 小天鹅, 鹄

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