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Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee

Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis] (= Pipilo erythrophthalmus) (Linnaeus, 1758)




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Passerellidae
Genus:
   Pipilo
Scientific:
  Pipilo erythrophthalmus


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.180

Protonym:
  Fringilla erythrophthalma

Link:
  http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  D994DDC91E8D0C18

Avibase ID:
  avibase-D994DDC9

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/D994DDC9


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 179276

Geographic range:

  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus: E North America (s Canada to Gulf Coast)
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus canaster: Tennessee to Louisiana, Alabama and nw Florida
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus rileyi: Virginia to Georgia, n Florida and se Alabama
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni: Central peninsular Florida to tip of peninsula
  • Pipilo maculatus maculatus: Highlands of e Mexico (Hidalgo to Veracruz and e Puebla)
  • Pipilo maculatus sympatricus: Mountains of e Mexico (Sierra de Tuxtla of Veracruz)
  • Pipilo maculatus curtatus: SE Br. Col. to ne Calif., Nevada and Idaho; > to se Calif.
  • Pipilo maculatus falcinellus: Interior sw Oregon to Sierra Nevada and San Joaquin Valley
  • Pipilo maculatus montanus: SW US to nw Mexico; > to n Mexico
  • Pipilo maculatus gaigei: Mountains of New Mexico, w Texas and n Mexico (n Coahuila)
  • Pipilo maculatus griseipygius: Mountains of w Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental)
  • Pipilo maculatus orientalis: Mountains of e Mexico (Sierra Madre Oriental)
  • Pipilo maculatus chiapensis: Mountains of s Mexico (central Chiapas)
  • Pipilo maculatus repetens: Mountains of s Mexico (se Chiapas) and w Guatemala
  • Pipilo maculatus arcticus: Great Plains of North America to sw US; > to ne Mexico
  • Pipilo maculatus macronyx: Mts. of c Mexico (e Michoacán, México, Morelos, Dist. Federal)
  • Pipilo maculatus vulcanorum: Mts. of c Mexico (México, ne Morelos, sw Tlaxcala and w Puebla)
  • Pipilo maculatus oaxacae: Highlands of s Mexico (n and central Oaxaca)
  • Pipilo maculatus oregonus: Coastal sw Br. Col. to sw Oregon; > to s California
  • Pipilo maculatus falcifer: Coastal n Calif. (Del Norte to Santa Cruz and San Benito counties)
  • Pipilo maculatus megalonyx: Coastal s Calif. (Monterey) to nw Baja Calif. and Santa Cruz I.
  • Pipilo maculatus clementae: Santa Rosa, Santa Catalina and San Clemente is. (off s California)
  • Pipilo maculatus umbraticola: NW Baja California (latitude 32°N to 30°N)
  • Pipilo maculatus consobrinus: formerly Isla Guadalupe (off w Baja California). Extinct; last observed in 1897
  • Pipilo maculatus magnirostris: Mountains of s Baja California (Sierra de la Laguna)
  • Pipilo socorroensis: Socorro I. (Revillagigedo Islands off w Mexico)
  • Show more...
English:
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee
German:
Flecken-/Rötelgrundammer
Spanish:
Toquí Moteado/Flanquirrufo
Spanish (Spain):
Toquí moteado/flanquirrufo
French:
Tohi à flancs roux ou T. maculé
Hungarian:
[Pipilo maculatus]/Tarka avarsármány
Icelandic:
Díla-/jarðtittlingur
Japanese (romaji):
hoshiwakiakatouhichou/wakiakatouhichou
Japanese:
ホシワキアカトウヒチョウ/ワキアカトウヒチョウ
Dutch:
Gevlekte Towie/Roodflanktowie
Norwegian:
flekktovi/rødsidetovi
Polish:
pipil czarnogrzbiety/rudoboczny
Russian:
Пятнистый /Красноглазый тохи
Slovak:
strnádlik škvrnitý/červenooký
Serbian:
Pegavi/istočni pipilo
Swedish:
fläckig snårsparv/brunsidig snårsparv


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis])
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Tohi à flancs roux ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 1.52:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 1.53:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 1.54:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 1.55:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2015:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2016:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2017:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2018:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2019:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
eBird version 2021:
Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) ( Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Eastern Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Czech: Pipilo rudooký
Danish: Rødsidet Buskspurv
German: Flecken-/Rötelgrundammer, Grundammer, Rötelgrundammer, Rötel-Grundammer
English: Alabama Towhee, Arctic Towhee, Cape Colnett Towhee, Chewink, Eastern Towhee, Eastern, Spotted or Socorro Towhee, Florida Towhee, Foree, Grasel, Ground Robin, Ground-robin, Guadalupe Towhee, Large-billed Towhee, Mountain Towhee, Nevada Towhee, Oregon Towhee, Red-eyed Towhee, rufous- sided towhee, Rufous-sided Towhee, Sacramento Towhee, San Clemente Towhee, San Diego Towhee, San Francisco Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Spotted/Eastern Towhee, Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee), Spurred Towhee, Texas Towhee, Towhee, Towhee Bunting, Towhee Ground Finch, White-eyed Towhee
English, HBW: Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee)
English (IOC): Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee)
English (United States): Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee)
Esperanto: Ruĝolula pipilo
Spanish: Chingolo Punteado, Rascador Moteado/Espalda Negra, Rascador nororiental, Rascador Ojirrojo, Rascador Zarcero, Toquí Moteado/Flanquirrufo, Toqui pinto, Toquí Pinto
Spanish (Spain): Toquí moteado/flanquirrufo
Spanish (HBW): Spotted/Eastern Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee)
Spanish (Mexico): Rascador Moteado/Espalda Negra, Rascador nororiental, Rascador Ojirrojo, toquí pinto
Estonian: punakülg-maasidrik
Finnish: Loistopipilo
French: Tohi à flancs roux, Tohi à flancs roux ou T. maculé, Tohi aux yeux rouges, Tohi commun, Tohi tacheté, Tohi tacheté ou T. à flancs roux
Hebrew: אדום־עין
Hungarian: [Pipilo maculatus]/Tarka avarsármány, tarka avarsármány
Icelandic: Díla-/jarðtittlingur, Jarðtittlingur
Italian: Pipilo fianchirossi
Japanese (romaji): hoshiwakiakatouhichou/wakiakatouhichou, wakiakatouhichou
Japanese: ホシワキアカトウヒチョウ/ワキアカトウヒチョウ, ワキアカトウヒチョウ
Scientific: Fringilla erythrophthalma, Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus], Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis], Pipilo erythrophtalmus, Pipilo erythrophthalmos, Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus, Pipilo erythropthalmus, Pipilo maculatus/erythrophthalmus
Lithuanian: Rudašonis pipilis
Dutch: Gevlekte Towie/Roodflanktowie, Roodflanktowee, Roodflanktowhee, Roodflanktowie
Norwegian: flekktovi/rødsidetovi, Rødside towhee, Rødsidetovi
Polish: pipil czarnogrzbiety/rudoboczny, pipil rudoboczny
Portuguese: Pipilo-d'olho-vermelho
Portuguese (Portugal): toqui-malhado/toqui-de-flancos-ruivos
Russian: Красноглазый тауи, Красноглазый тоухи, Пятнистый /Красноглазый тохи
Slovak: Strnádlik červenooký, strnádlik škvrnitý/červenooký
Slovenian: črnoglavi čivkač
Serbian: Pegavi/istočni pipilo
Swedish: Brunsidad busksparv, Brunsidig busksparv, fläckig busksparv/brunsidig busksparv, fläckig snårsparv/brunsidig snårsparv
Turkish: ala pipilo, Benekli/kızıl böğürlü tovi
Ukrainian: Тауї східний
Chinese: 棕胁唧鹀
Chinese (Traditional): 棕脇鵖鵐

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