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Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)

Larus fuscus graellsii Brehm, AE, 1857




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Larus
Scientific:
  Larus fuscus graellsii


Original description

Citation:
  Brehm, AE, 1857

Reference:
  Allg.DeutscheNat.Zeit.,N.F. p.483

Protonym:
  Larus Graellsii

Link:
  


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  DC679FC75E87312F

Avibase ID:
  avibase-DC679FC7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/DC679FC7


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176822

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
English:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Catalan:
Gavià fosc (graellsii)
Czech:
racek žlutonohý (ssp. graellsii)
Danish:
Sildemåge, Britisk (ssp. graellsii)
German:
Heringsmöwe (graellsii)
Spanish:
Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Spain):
Gaviota sombría (graellsii)
Finnish:
selkälokki (graellsii)
French:
Goéland brun (graellsii)
Hungarian:
Heringsirály (graellsii)
Icelandic:
Sílamáfur (graellsii)
Italian:
Zafferano (graellsii)
Japanese (romaji):
nishisegurokamome (graellsii)
Japanese:
ニシセグロカモメ(graellsii)
Lithuanian:
Silkinis kiras (graellsii)
Dutch:
Kleine Mantelmeeuw (graellsii)
Norwegian:
sildemåke (graellsii)
Polish:
mewa brytyjska (L.f. graellsii)
Portuguese (Brazil):
gaivota-da-asa-escura (graellsii)
Russian:
Клуша (graellsii)
Slovak:
čajka tmavochrbtá (skup.)
Serbian:
Mrki galeb (graellsii)
Swedish:
silltrut (atlantsilltrut)
Ukrainian:
Мартин чорнокрилий (підвид graellsii)
Chinese:
小黑背银鸥 (graellsii)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsi
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Larus fuscus graellsii
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsii
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Clements, version 2021:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Clements, version 2015:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2016:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2017:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2018:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Clements, version 2019:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
eBird version 1.50:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.52:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 1.55:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 3]
eBird version 2015:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2016:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2017:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2018:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2019:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
eBird version 2021:
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii) ( Larus fuscus graellsii) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 6]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Larus fuscus graellsii
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 3]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus fuscus graellsii [version 4]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies (candidate for split)

This taxon is a subspecies of Larus fuscus

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu (graellsii)
Arabic: نورس أغبس (graellsii)
Asturian: Gaviota escura (graellsii)
Azerbaijani: Kiçik qarabel qağayı (graellsii yarımnövü)
Bulgarian: Малка черногърба чайка (ssp. graellsii)
Catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavià fosc (graellsii)
Czech: racek žlutonohý (ssp. graellsii)
Danish: Britisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge (graellsii), Sildemåge, Britisk (ssp. graellsii)
German: Heringsmöwe (graellsii), Heringsmöwe-graellsii
Greek: Μελανόγλαρος (graellsii)
English: Dark-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii), Western Lesser Black-backed Gull
English, HBW: Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
English (IOC): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
English (United States): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Spanish: Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Cuba): Gallegón pequeño de espalda negra (graellsii)
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor (graellsii)
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (HBW): Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Sombría (graellsii)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor (graellsii)
Estonian: atlandi tõmmukajakas
Basque: Kaio iluna (graellsii)
Persian: کاکایی پشت ‌سیاه کوچک (graellsii)
Finnish: selkälokki (alalaji graellsii), selkälokki (graellsii)
Faroese: Likka, Likka (graellsii)
French: Goéland brun, Goéland brun (graellsii), Goéland brun occidental
Galician: Gaivota escura (graellsii)
Hebrew: שחף שחור בריטי
Hungarian: Heringsirály (graellsii)
Armenian: Փոքր ծովաորոր (graellsii)
Icelandic: Sílamáfur (graellsii)
Italian: Zafferano (graellsii)
Japanese (romaji): nishisegurokamome (graellsii)
Japanese: ニシセグロカモメ (graellsii), ニシセグロカモメ(graellsii)
Scientific: Larus fuscus britannicus, Larus fuscus graellsi, Larus fuscus graellsii, Larus graellsii
Lithuanian: Silkinis kiras (graellsii)
Latvian: Rietumu reņģu kaija
Dutch: Kleine Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw (graellsii)
Norwegian: Sildemåke (graellsii), Sildemåke, underarten graellsii
Polish: mewa brytyjska, mewa brytyjska (L.f. graellsii)
Portuguese (Brazil): gaivota-da-asa-escura (graellsii)
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivota-d'asa-escura (graellsii)
Russian: Клуша (graellsii), Клуша (подвид graellsii)
Slovak: čajka tmavochrbtá, čajka tmavochrbtá (skup.)
Slovenian: Rjavi galeb (graellsii)
Serbian: Mrki galeb (graellsii)
Swedish: silltrut (atlantsilltrut), silltrut (graellsii)
Thai: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก (ตะวันตก)
Turkish: Kara Sırtlı Martı (graellsii)
Ukrainian: Мартин чорнокрилий (підвид graellsii)
Chinese: 小黑背银鸥 (graellsii)

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