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Red-billed Leiothrix

Leiothrix lutea (Scopoli, 1786)

The Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) is a member of the Leiothrichidae family, and is native to the Indian Subcontinent. Adults have bright red bills and a dull yellow ring around their eyes. Their backs are dull olive green, and they have a bright yellow-orange throat with a yellow chin; females are somewhat duller than males, and juveniles have black bills. It has also been introduced in various parts of the world, with small populations of escapees having existed in Japan since the 1980s. It has become a common cagebird and amongst aviculturists it goes by various names: Pekin Robin, Pekin Nightingale, Japanese Nightingale, and Japanese (Hill) Robin, the last two being misnomers as it is not native to Japan. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Leiothrichidae
Genus:
  Leiothrix

Scientific:
  Leiothrix lutea

Citation:
  (Scopoli, 1786)

Reference:
  Del.Flor.Faun.Insubr. 2 p.96

Protonym:
  Sylvia (lutea)

Avibase ID:
  E147E79ECC57E8C2

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E147E79E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 178837

Geographic range:

  • Leiothrix lutea lutea: Central and se China
  • Leiothrix lutea kumaiensis: Himalayas (Kashmir to nw Uttar Pradesh)
  • Leiothrix lutea calipyga (calipyga): W Nepal to Sikkim, Bhutan, e Assam and se Tibet
  • Leiothrix lutea calipyga (luteola): S Assam to sw Myanmar (Chin Hills and Arakan Yoma Mts.)
  • Leiothrix lutea yunnanensis: NE Myanmar to sw China (se Qinghai and nw Yunnan)
  • Leiothrix lutea kwangtungensis: S China (se Yunnan, Guangxi and Guangdong) to ne Tonkin
  • Show more...
English:
Red-billed Leiothrix
Czech:
timálie čínská
German:
Sonnenvogel
Danish:
Sangtimalie
Spanish:
Leiotrix Piquirrojo
Finnish:
tulirintatimali
French:
Léiothrix jaune
Icelandic:
Sólslúðra
Italian:
Usignolo del Giappone
Japanese:
soushichou
Japanese:
ソウシチョウ
Dutch:
Japanse Nachtegaal
Norwegian:
Safrantimal
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Safrantimal
Polish:
pekinczyk zólty
Portuguese:
Rouxinol do Japão
Russian:
Обыкновенный лиотрикс
Slovak:
mezia žltá
Swedish:
rödnäbbad sångtimalia
Ukrainian:
Мезія жовтогорла
Chinese:
红嘴相思鸟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Léiothrix jaune ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Léiothrix jaune ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Pekin Robin ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Pekin Robin ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Leiothrix lutea [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Leiothrix lutea [version 2]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Leiothrix lutea [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Red-billed Leiothrix ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Red-billed Mesia ( Leiothrix lutea) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leiothrix lutea [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leiothrix lutea [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Other synonyms


Catalan: leiòtrix bec-roig, Rossinyol del Japó
Czech: timálie čínská, Timálie zlatá
Danish: Sangtimalie, Solfugl
German: Chinanachtigall, Rotschnabel-Sonnenvogel, Sonnenvogel
English: Doubtful Leiothrix, Japanese Hill Robin, Japanese honeycreeper Hill-robin, Pekin Nightingale, Pekin Robin, Peking robin, Red-billed Leiothrix, Red-billed Mesia, Red-billed robin
English (IOC): Red-billed Leiothrix
Spanish: Leiotrix Piquirrojo, Leiótrix piquirrojo, Ruiseñor del Japón
Spanish (Spain): Leiotrix Piquirrojo
Spanish (HBW): Leiotrix piquirrojo
Basque: Rossinyol del Japó
Finnish: Punarintatimali, tulirintatimali
French: Léiothrix d'orient, Léiothrix jaune, Rossignol du Japon
Galician: Rossinyol del Japó
Hungarian: piroscsőrű napmadár
Icelandic: Sólslúðra
Italian: Usignolo del Giappone
Japanese: sōshi-chō, soushichou
Japanese: ソウシチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 相思鳥
Scientific: Leiothrix lutea, Leiothrix lutea lutea, Leiothrix luteus, Sylvia (lutea)
Lithuanian: Lejotriksas
Latvian: mandarīnrīklīte
Dutch: Japanse Nachtegaal
Norwegian Nynorsk: Safrantimal
Norwegian: Kinesisk nattergal, Safrantimal, Solfugl
Polish: pekińczyk czerwonodzioby, pekinczyk zólty, pekińczyk żółty, Słowik chiński
Pinyin: hóng-zuǐ lǜ guānyīn, hóng-zuǐ niǎo, hóng-zuǐ xiāng-sī-niǎo, hóng-zuǐ yù, wǔ-cǎi xiāng-sī-niǎo, xiāng-sī-niǎo
Portuguese: Rouxinol do Japão, rouxinol-do-japão
Portuguese (Portugal): Rouxinol-do-japão
Russian: Китайский соловей, обыкновенный лиотрикс
Slovak: mezia žltá, Timáliovec žltohrdlý
Slovenian: Kitajski slavček
Serbian: Kineski slavuj
Swedish: Rödnäbbad mesia, rödnäbbad sångtimalia
Turkish: Güneşbülbülü
Ukrainian: Мезія жовтогорла
Vietnamese: Chim Kim oanh mỏ đỏ, Chim tương tư mỏ hồng, Kim oanh mỏ đỏ
Chinese: 五彩相思鸟, 相思鸟, 紅嘴相思鳥, 红嘴玉, 红嘴相思鸟, 红嘴绿观音, 红嘴鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 五彩相思鳥, 相思鳥, 紅嘴玉, 紅嘴相思鳥, 紅嘴綠觀音, 紅嘴鳥

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