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Great or Turkestan Tit

Parus [major or bokharensis] (= Parus major) Linnaeus, 1758

The great tit is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and east across the Palearctic to the Amur River, south to parts of North Africa where it is generally resident in any sort of woodland; most great tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters. Until 2005 this species was lumped with numerous other subspecies. DNA studies have shown these other subspecies to be distinct from the great tit and these have now been separated as two distinct species, the cinereous tit of southern Asia, and the Japanese tit of East Asia. The great tit remains the most widespread species in the genus Parus. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
   Parus
Scientific:
  Parus major


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.189

Protonym:
  Parus major

Link:
  http://www.archive.org/details/carolilinnaeisy01gesegoog


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  E15BC0CB3DEAA621

Avibase ID:
  avibase-E15BC0CB

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E15BC0CB


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 561864

Geographic range:

  • Parus major major: Europe to nw Iran, Siberia, Lake Baikal, Altai and Sayan mts.
  • Parus major [kapustini or bargaensis]: NW China (nw Xinjiang) to Mongolia and e Siberia
  • Parus major excelsus: NW Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Parus major corsus: Iberian Peninsula and Corsica
  • Parus major ecki: Sardinia
  • Parus major newtoni: British Isles
  • Parus major aphrodite: S Italy, Sicily, s Greece, Mediterranean islands and Cyprus
  • Parus major mallorcae: Balearic Islands
  • Parus major niethammeri: Crete
  • Parus major terraesanctae: NW Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
  • Parus major [blanfordi or karelini]: N Iraq and Iran
  • Parus major intermedius: NE Iran and adjacent sw Turkmenistan
  • Parus bokharensis bokharensis: Russia to Tien Shan and Karatau mts. and nw Afghanistan
  • Parus bokharensis [turkestanicus, dzungaricus or iliensis]: Lake Balkhash to w China (Xinjiang) and sw Mongolia
  • Parus bokharensis ferghanensis: S Kirgiz and w Tien Shan mts. to w Pamirs and Turkestan
  • Show more...
English:
Great or Turkestan Tit
French:
Mésange charbonnière ou M. du Turkestan


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Clements, version 2021:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 4]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2015:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2018:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2019:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 4]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis]

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Grootmees
Arabic: القرقف الكبير, قرقف كبير
Asturian: Beranín real, Veranín
Azerbaijani: Iri arıquşu, İri arıquşu
Belarusian: Вялікая сініца
Bulgarian: Голям симигер, Голям синигер
Bengali: বড় তিত
Breton: Ar pennglaou, Pennglaou boutin
Catalan: Mallerenga carbonera
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Czech: sýkora koňadra
Chuvash: Кăсăя
Welsh: Titw mawr
Danish: Musvit
German: Kohlmeise
Greek: Καλόγερoς, Καλόγερος
English: Great or Turkestan Tit, Great Tit, Intermediate Tit
English (Bangladesh): Great Tit (European Great Tit)
English, HBW: Great Tit (Great Tit)
English (India): European Great Tit
English (IOC): Great Tit
English (United States): Great Tit
Esperanto: granda paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Común
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Común
Spanish (HBW): Carbonero común
Estonian: rasvatihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz handi, Kaskabeltz handia
Persian: چرخ ‌ریسک بزرگ, چرخ‌ریسک بزرگ
Finnish: talitiainen
Faroese: Stórtita, Stórtíta
French: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière ou M. du Turkestan
Frisian: blokfink
Irish: Meantán Mór
Gaelic: Currac baintighearna, Currac Bhain Tighearna
Galician: Ferreiriño real, Ferreiro común
Manx: Drean Mooar, Myntan mooar
Hebrew: ירגזי, ירגזי מצוי
Croatian: Velika Sjenica
Hungarian: széncinege
Armenian: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ
Indonesian: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu, Gelatik-batu Kelabu
Icelandic: Flotmeisa
Italian: Cinciallegra
Japanese (romaji): shijū-kara, yo-roppashijuukara
Japanese: シジュウカラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
Georgian: დიდი წივწივა, დიდი წიწკანა
Khakas: Кöгiзек
Kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
Korean: 노랑배박새, 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
Cornish: Penglow bras
Scientific: Parus [major or bokharensis], Parus cinereus, Parus cinereus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major major
Luxembourgish: Schielmees
Limburgish: Zjwartkop
Lithuanian: Didžioji zyle, Didžioji zylė
Latvian: Lielā zīlīte
Macedonian: Голема сипка
Malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
Mongolian: Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
Malay: Burung Serai Bakau
Maltese: Fjorentin
Nepali: चिचिल्कोटे
Dutch: Koolmees
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kjøttmeis
Norwegian: Kjøttmeis
Polish: bogatka, bogatka (zwyczajna)
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
Portuguese: chapim-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-real
Romansh: Maset grond
Rhaeto-Romance: Maset grond
Romanian: Pițigoi mare, Piţigoi mare
Russian: Большая синица
Sardinian: Acutzaferru
Scots: Currac bhain tighearna
Northern Sami: Buoidegaccet
Slovak: sýkorka veľká
Slovenian: velika sinica
Albanian: Trishtili i madh
Serbian: Velika senica, velika sjenica
Swedish: talgoxe
Thai: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
Turkish: Büyük Baştankara, Сарыбауыр шымшық
Tuvinian: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
Ukrainian: Велика синиця, Синиця велика
Vietnamese: Chim Bạc má
Chinese: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白颊山雀

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