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Great or Turkestan Tit

Parus [major or bokharensis] (= Parus major) Linnaeus, 1758

The Great Tit (Parus major) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central and Northern Asia, and parts of North Africa in any sort of woodland. It is generally resident, and most Great Tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters. Until 2005 this species was lumped with numerous other subspecies. DNA studies have shown these other subspecies to be distinctive from the Great Tit and these have now been separated as two separate species, the Cinereous Tit of southern Asia, and the Japanese Tit of East Asia. The Great Tit remains the most widespread species in the genus Parus. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
  Parus

Scientific:
  Parus major

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.189

Protonym:
  Parus major

Avibase ID:
  E15BC0CB3DEAA621

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E15BC0CB

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 561864

Geographic range:

  • Parus major major: Europe to nw Iran, Siberia, Lake Baikal, Altai and Sayan mts.
  • Parus major [kapustini or bargaensis]: NW China (nw Xinjiang) to Mongolia and e Siberia
  • Parus major excelsus: NW Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Parus major corsus: Iberian Peninsula and Corsica
  • Parus major ecki: Sardinia
  • Parus major newtoni: British Isles
  • Parus major aphrodite: S Italy, Sicily, s Greece, Mediterranean islands and Cyprus
  • Parus major mallorcae: Balearic Islands
  • Parus major niethammeri: Crete
  • Parus major terraesanctae: NW Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
  • Parus major [blanfordi or karelini]: N Iraq and Iran
  • Parus major intermedius: NE Iran and adjacent sw Turkmenistan
  • Parus bokharensis bokharensis: Russia to Tien Shan and Karatau mts. and nw Afghanistan
  • Parus bokharensis [turkestanicus, dzungaricus or iliensis]: Lake Balkhash to w China (Xinjiang) and sw Mongolia
  • Parus bokharensis ferghanensis: S Kirgiz and w Tien Shan mts. to w Pamirs and Turkestan
  • Show more...
English:
Great or Turkestan Tit
Czech:
sýkora koňadra
German:
Kohlmeise
Danish:
Musvit
Spanish:
Carbonero Común
Finnish:
talitiainen
French:
Mésange charbonnière ou M. du Turkestan
Icelandic:
Flotmeisa
Italian:
Cinciallegra
Japanese:
yo-roppashijuukara
Japanese:
ヨーロッパシジュウカラ
Dutch:
Koolmees
Norwegian:
Kjøttmeis
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kjøttmeis
Polish:
bogatka (zwyczajna)
Portuguese:
chapim-real
Russian:
Большая синица
Slovak:
sýkorka veľká
Swedish:
talgoxe
Ukrainian:
Велика синиця
Chinese:
大山雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Great or Turkestan Tit ( Parus [major or bokharensis])
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 4]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2015:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
Clements, version 2018:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 4]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Parus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis]

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Arabic: القرقف الكبير
Asturian: Veranín
Azerbaijani: Iri arıquşu
Belarusian: Вялікая сініца
Bulgarian: Голям симигер
Bengali: বড় তিত
Breton: Ar pennglaou
Catalan: Mallerenga carbonera
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Czech: sýkora koňadra
Chuvash: Кăсăя
Welsh: Titw mawr
Danish: Musvit
German: Kohlmeise
Greek: Καλόγερος
English: Great or Turkestan Tit, Great Tit, Intermediate Tit
English (India): European Great Tit
English (IOC): Great Tit
Esperanto: granda paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Común
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Común
Spanish (HBW): Carbonero común
Estonian: rasvatihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz handia
Persian: چرخ‌ریسک بزرگ
Finnish: talitiainen
Faroese: Stórtita
French: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière ou M. du Turkestan
Frisian: blokfink
Irish: Meantán Mór
Gaelic: Currac Bhain Tighearna
Galician: Ferreiriño real
Manx: Drean Mooar
Hebrew: ירגזי, ירגזי מצוי
Croatian: Velika Sjenica
Hungarian: széncinege
Armenian: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ
Indonesian: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu, Gelatik-batu Kelabu
Icelandic: Flotmeisa
Italian: Cinciallegra
Japanese: shijū-kara, yo-roppashijuukara
Japanese: シジュウカラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
Georgian: დიდი წივწივა, დიდი წიწკანა
Khakas: Кöгiзек
Kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
Korean: 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
Cornish: Penglow bras
Scientific: Parus [major or bokharensis], Parus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major major
Luxembourgish: Schielmees
Limburgish: Zjwartkop
Lithuanian: Didžioji zyle, Didžioji zylė
Latvian: Lielā zīlīte
Macedonian: Голема сипка
Malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
Mongolian: Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
Malay: Burung Serai Bakau
Maltese: Fjorentin
Dutch: Koolmees
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kjøttmeis
Norwegian: Kjøttmeis
Polish: bogatka, bogatka (zwyczajna)
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
Portuguese: chapim-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-real
Romansh: Maset grond
Romanian: Pițigoi mare
Russian: Большая синица
Sardinian: Acutzaferru
Scots: Currac bhain tighearna
Northern Sami: Buoidegaccet
Slovak: sýkorka veľká
Slovenian: velika sinica
Albanian: Trishtili i madh
Serbian: Velika senica, velika sjenica
Swedish: talgoxe
Thai: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
Turkish: Büyük Baştankara, Сарыбауыр шымшық
Tuvinian: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
Ukrainian: Велика синиця, Синиця велика
Vietnamese: Chim Bạc má
Chinese: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白颊山雀

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