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Gyrfalcon

Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, C 1758

The gyrfalcon, the largest of the falcon species, is a bird of prey. The abbreviation gyr is also used. It breeds on Arctic coasts and tundra, and the islands of northern North America and the Eurosiberian region. It is mainly a resident there also, but some gyrfalcons disperse more widely after the breeding season, or in winter. Individual vagrancy can take birds for long distances. Its plumage varies with location, with birds being coloured from all-white to dark brown. These colour variations are called morphs. Like other falcons, it shows sexual dimorphism, with the female much larger than the male. For centuries, the gyrfalcon has been valued as a hunting bird. Typical prey includes the ptarmigan and waterfowl, which it may take in flight; it also takes fish and mammals. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Falconiformes
Family:
  Falconidae
Genus:
   Falco
Scientific:
  Falco rusticolus


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.88

Protonym:
  Falco rusticolus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726995


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  E19252A76FC7845B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-E19252A7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E19252A7


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175599

Geographic range:

  • Falco rusticolus: Mountains and tundra of n Palearctic region and n North America
English:
Gyrfalcon
Catalan:
Grifó
Czech:
raroh lovecký
Danish:
Jagtfalk
German:
Gerfalke
Spanish:
Halcón Gerifalte
Spanish (Spain):
Halcón Gerifalte
Finnish:
tunturihaukka
French:
Faucon gerfaut
Croatian:
Sjeverni sokol
Hungarian:
északi sólyom
Icelandic:
Fálki
Italian:
Girfalco
Japanese (romaji):
shirohayabusa
Japanese:
シロハヤブサ
Lithuanian:
Medžioklinis sakalas
Dutch:
Giervalk
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Jaktfalk
Norwegian:
Jaktfalk
Polish:
białozór
Portuguese:
gerifalte
Russian:
Кречет
Slovak:
sokol poľovnícky
Serbian:
Severni soko
Swedish:
jaktfalk
Ukrainian:
Кречет
Chinese:
矛隼
Chinese (Traditional):
矛隼


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Gray Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 63rd suppl.):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Faucon gerfaut ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Faucon gerfaut ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Gyr Falcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Falco rusticolus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Falco rusticolus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Falco rusticolus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falco rusticolus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falco rusticolus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Abkhazian: аКЬаҩ, аКЬаш
Afrikaans: Jagvalk
Arabic: نوع من الصّقور الأوربية الضّخمة
Asturian: Falcón xerifalte
Azerbaijani: şunqar
Bashkir: аҡ шоңҡар, шоңҡар
Belarusian: Сокал-белазор
Bulgarian: Голям сокол, Северен сокол
Breton: Falc'hun glas, Gerfalc'hun
Catalan: Grifó, Voltor comú
Catalan (Balears): Grifó
Valencian: Voltor comú
Montenegrin: śeverni soko sjeverni soko, сјеверни соко
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): сјеверни соко
Czech: Raroh lovecký
Chuvash: çурçĕр кăйкăрĕ, кречет
Welsh: Hebog chwyldro, Hebog y gogledd, Hebog y Wlad Werdd, Hebog Ynys yr Iâ
Danish: Jagtfalk
German: Gerfalke, Jagdfalke
Greek: Ασπρoγέρακo, Ασπρογέρακο
English: Gray Gyrfalcon, Gyr, Gyr Falcon, Gyrfalcon, Iceland Falcon
English (United Kingdom): Gyr Falcon
English, HBW: Gyrfalcon
English (IOC): Gyrfalcon
English (United States): Gyrfalcon
Esperanto: Ĉasfalko
Spanish: Gerifalte, Halcón Gerifalte
Spanish (Spain): Halcón Gerifalte
Spanish (HBW): Halcón gerifalte
Estonian: Jahipistrik
Basque: Ipar-belatz, Ipar-belatza
Finnish: Tunturihaukka
Faroese: Falkur, Fálkur, Veiðifalkur
French: Faucon gerfaut, Faucon sacre, Gerfaut
Friulian: falcon de code lungje
Frisian: Jachtfalk
Irish: Fabhcún gír, Fabhcún Mór
Gaelic: Seabhag mhòr, Seabhag Mhòr na Seilg
Galician: Falcón albar, Falcón xerifalte
Manx: Shawk Eeslanagh, Shawk Eeslynnagh
Hebrew: בז צפון
Croatian: Sjeverni sokol, Veliki sokol
Hungarian: északi sólyom, Sarki sólyom, Vadászsólyom
Icelandic: Fálki, Valur, Valur (Fálki)
Italian: Girfalco, Girfalco d'Islanda
Inuktitut: Kingavik, Kissaviarsuk
Japanese (romaji): shiro hayabusa, shirohayabusa, Shiro-hayabusa
Japanese: シロハヤブサ
Japanese (Kanji): 白隼
Georgian: სონღული
Mongolian, Halh: шилийн шонхор
Khakas: Пора ылачын
Kazakh: Ақ сұњқар, ақсұңқар
Kazakh (Transliteration): aq suñqar
Greenlandic: Kingavik, Kissaviarsuk
Korean: 흰매
Karachay-Balkar: тойгьун, шунгар
North Karelian: lapinhaukka
Kirghiz: кадимки шумкар, шумкар, шункар
Scientific: Falco albidus, Falco gyrfalco, Falco rusticolus, Falco rusticolus gyrfalco, Falco rusticolus rusticolus, Falco rusticulus
Luxembourgish: Gerfallek
Lithuanian: Medžioklinis sakalas
Latvian: Medību piekūns
Macedonian: Северен сокол
Mongolian: Жадан шонхор, Цагаан шонхор, шилийн шонхор
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠱᠣᠩᠬᠣᠷ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Цагаан шонхор
Mongolian (Transliteration): jadaŋ shoŋkhor, tsag aaŋ shoŋkhor
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): nutshineueshu
Maltese: Bies nordiku, falkun kbir li jgħix fl-emisferu tat-tramuntana
Dutch: Giervalk
Norwegian Nynorsk: Jaktfalk
Norwegian: Jaktfalk, Rypefalk
Polish: bialozór, Białozór
Pinyin: hǎi-dōng-qīng, hǎi-qīng, máo-sǔn
Portuguese: falcão gerifalte, Falcão-gerifalte, Gerifalte
Portuguese (Portugal): falcão-gerifalte, Gerifalte
Romansh: Falcun dal nord, Tschess cularin
Rhaeto-Romance: Falcun dal nord
Romanian: Şoim de tundră
Russian: Krechet, Кречет, Кречет обыкновенный
Yakut: харылыыр
Scots: Seabhag mhor na seilg
Northern Sami: Rievssatfálli
Slovak: sokol poľovnický, sokol poľovnícky
Slovenian: arkticni sokol, arktični sokol
Albanian: Skifteri i Veriut
Serbian: Severni soko
Swedish: Jaktfalk
Turkmen: şuňkar
Turkish: Ak Sungur, Kar doğanı, Ақ сұңқар
Tatar: шоңкар
Tuvinian: аңнаар шаңгыр, Аннар шаңгыр, аңнар шаңгыр, начын бора хартыга
Ukrainian: Кречет
Uzbek: шунқор
Kalmyk: шоңхр, шоңхыр
Chinese: [mao-sun], 海东青, 海青, 矛隼
Chinese (Traditional): 海東青, 海青, 矛隼

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