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European Robin

Erithacus rubecula (Linnaeus, 1758)

The European robin, known simply as the robin or robin redbreast in Great Britain, is a small insectivorous passerine bird that belongs to the chat subfamily of the Old World flycatcher family. About 12.5–14.0 cm (4.9–5.5 in) in length, the male and female are similar in colouration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upper-parts and a whitish belly. It is found across Europe, east to Western Siberia and south to North Africa; it is sedentary in most of its range except the far north. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Muscicapidae
Genus:
   Erithacus
Scientific:
  Erithacus rubecula


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.188

Protonym:
  Motacilla Rubecula

Link:
  http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  E68C3C704DDFF00C

Avibase ID:
  avibase-E68C3C70

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E68C3C70


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 559964

Geographic range:

  • Erithacus rubecula rubecula (rubecula): W Europe, nw Morocco, Azores, Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Erithacus rubecula rubecula (balcanicus): Balkan Peninsula to w Turkey
  • Erithacus rubecula [witherbyi or sardus]: S Spain, Corsica, Sardinia, ne Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia
  • Erithacus rubecula melophilus: British Isles and Scandinavia
  • Erithacus rubecula tataricus: W Siberia (Ural Mountains to Semipalatinsk); > to Iran
  • Erithacus rubecula [hyrcanus or caucasicus]: SE Transcaucasia to n Iran
  • Erithacus rubecula valens: Crimean Peninsula
  • Show more...
English:
European Robin
Catalan:
Pit-roig
Czech:
červenka obecná
Danish:
Rødhals
German:
Rotkehlchen
Spanish:
Petirrojo Europeo
Spanish (Spain):
Petirrojo Europeo
Finnish:
punarinta
French:
Rougegorge familier
Croatian:
Crvendać
Hungarian:
Vörösbegy
Icelandic:
Glóbrystingur
Italian:
Pettirosso europeo
Japanese (romaji):
yo-roppakomadori
Japanese:
ヨアロッパコマドリ
Lithuanian:
Liepsnelė
Dutch:
Roodborst
Norwegian:
Rødstrupe
Polish:
rudzik
Portuguese:
Pisco-de-peito-ruivo
Russian:
Зарянка
Slovak:
červienka obyčajná
Serbian:
crvendać
Swedish:
Rödhake
Ukrainian:
Вільшанка
Chinese:
欧亚鸲
Chinese (Traditional):
歐亞鴝


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
European Robin ( Erithacus rubecula) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Erithacus [rubecula or superbus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аҲӘынүәраҟаҧшь, аҲӘынүәраҧшь
Arabic: أبو الحناء, أبو الحنّاء, أم الحنا
Asturian: Raitán
Azerbaijani: Qafqaz şəfəqbülbülü, Şəfəq bülbülü
Bashkir: сейәбей, таң турғайы
Belarusian: zaranka, заранка, Малiнаўка, Малінаўка
Bulgarian: červenogr"dka, Червеногръдка, Червеногушка
Breton: Ar boc'hruzig rujodenn, boc'hruzig, Brennid-ruz, Bruched-ruz, Buruig, Draouennig-vras, Kofig-ruz, Pêrig kof-ruz, Pichig-ruz, Richodell, Rujodenn, Torig-ruz
Catalan: Pit-roig, Rupit
Catalan (Balears): Rupit
Montenegrin: crvendać, црвендаћ
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црвендаћ
Czech: červenka, Cervenka obecná, Červenka obecná, èervenka obecná
Chuvash: хăмла кайăкĕ, чепчен
Welsh: Brongoch, Bronrhuddyn, Bronruddyn, Coch-gam, robin goch
Danish: Rødhals
German: Kehlchen, Rotkehlchen
Greek: [Kοkkinοlaimis], kοkkinοlaimis, Κοκκινολαίμης, Κοτσινολαίμης
Greek (Cypriot): Κοτσινολαίμης
English: Eurasian Robin, European Robin, European Robin Robin, Robin
Esperanto: Eŭropa ruĝgorĝulo, rubekolo, ruĝgorĝulo
Spanish: Petirro, Petirrojo, Petirrojo Europeo
Spanish (Spain): Petirrojo Europeo
Estonian: Punarind
Basque: Pit-roig , Txantxan, txantxangorri, Txantxangorria
Evenki: тыргалдывун
Persian: سینه‌سرخ
Finnish: Punarinta
Faroese: bringureyði, Reyðbrystingur
French: Rougegorge, Rougegorge familier
Friulian: petarňs, petaròs, scriç
Frisian: readboarstke
Irish: paporroibo, paporrubio, pisco, spideog, Spideóg
Gaelic: Am Brù-Dhearg, Broinn Dearg, Brù-Dhearg
Galician: Paporrubio, Pit-roig
Manx: Cleean Jiarg, Spiitag, spittag
Hebrew: אדום החזה, אדום חזה, אדום־חזה, אדום-חזה
Croatian: Crvendac, Crvendać, crvendrać, Čučka crvendać
Hungarian: Vörösbegy
Armenian: [Arshalusik ], Առշալուսիկ, Արժալուսիկ, Արշալուսիկ
Icelandic: Glóbrystingur
Italian: Pettirosso, Pettirosso comune, Pettirosso europeo
Japanese (romaji): Eoropean Robin, yoaroppakomadori, yōroppa koma-dori, yo-roppakomadori, yoroppa-komadori, Youroppa-komadori
Japanese: ヨアロッパコマドリ, ヨーロッパコマドリ
Japanese (Kanji): ヨーロッパ駒鳥
Georgian: ბულწითელა, გულწითელა
Kara-Kalpak: зарянка
Kabardian: бгъэмопэ , бгъэморэ
Mongolian, Halh: өрнийн зээрдомруу, өрнийн зээрдомруут
Kazakh: таңшымшық, Тањшымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): tañ şımşıq
Korean: 꼬까울새
Korean (Transliteration): kkokka-ul-sae, ömnin zeerd-omruu
Karachay-Balkar: азанчы, азанчыпчыкъ
North Karelian: rušapparintaraššaš
Cornish: Rudhak, rudhek
Kirghiz: таңчы
Scientific: Erithacus rubecula, Erithacus rubecula rubecula, Motacilla Rubecula
Ladino: pietcuecen
Luxembourgish: Routbrëschtchen
Lithuanian: Liepsnele, liepsnelė
Latvian: Sarkankrūtītis, sarkanriklite, sarkanrīklīte
Macedonian: crvenoguška, црвеногушка
Mongolian: Өрнийн зээрдомруу, өрнийн зээрдомруут
Moldavian: Măcăleandru
Maltese: pitirross, pitirrossi
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): өрнийн зээрдомруут
Dutch: Roodborst
Norwegian: Rødkjelk, Rødkjelke, Rødstrupe
Occitan: papach rós, papachrós
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): sinirinta
Polish: Plochacz halny, Płochacz halny, rudzik, Rudzik zwyczajny
Pinyin: ōu-yà qú
Portuguese: pisco de peito riuvo, pisco de peito ruivo, Pisco-de-peito-riuvo, Pisco-de-peito-ruivo
Portuguese (Portugal): Pisco-de-peito-ruivo
Romansh: puppen cotschen, Puppencotschen
Romanian: gusa-rosie, guşă-roşie, loli-kolinaki, lolo-kolinako, Măcăleandru
Russian: zarjanka, Зарянка, Зарянка - Малиновка, Зарянка обыкновенная, Обыкновенная зарянка
Sardinian: Barbarrubia, brabarrùbia, brabarrůbia, Brinci, brinciottu, brinzis cannedda, chirisi, consizeri, criddichiu, ddoddi, fragavinu, furabainzu, Ghiru, giri, grisoi, groddittu, Iscalziruggiu, iscarjrrùbiu, iscarziruju, pettorriruju, pitturrarrùbiu, pitturrarrůbiu, scraxarrùbiu, scraxarrůbiu, tzicchi, vàrvisi
Scots: Broinn dearg, Bru dhearg, brù-dhearg
Northern Sami: guovssoloddi
Slovak: červienka, Červienka obyčajná, slávik červienka, slávik červienka (červienka obyčajná)
Slovenian: tašcica, taščica
Albanian: gushëkuqi
Serbian: crvendac, crvendać, црвендаћ
Swedish: Rödhake
Tajik: нору
Turkmen: kızıgerdan, şapakçy
Turkish: Kızılgerdan, kyzylgerdan, Nar Bülbülü, Таңшымшық
Tatar: кура җиләге чыпчыгы, таң чыпчыгы , шәфәкъ чыпчыгы
Udmurt: люгысэрттӥсь, люгысэстӥсь, мачкись папа, пистрай, покчи шушы, ӟузик, ӟузы, ӟузьы, ӟузюк, эмезь сиись
Ukrainian: vil'šanka, вільшанка, Малинівка
Uzbek: зарянка
Sorbian, Lower: sprjosk
Sorbian, Upper: ročk
Kalmyk: бөөлцмә, торлач, шагшурһа
Chinese: [Ou-ya qu], 欧亚歌鸲, 欧亚鸲
Chinese (Traditional): 歐亞鴝

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