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Antarctic Tern

Sterna vittata Gmelin, JF 1789

The Antarctic tern is a seabird in the family Laridae. It ranges throughout the southern oceans and is found on small islands around Antarctica as well as on the shores of the mainland. Its diet consists primarily of small fish and crustaceans. It is very similar in appearance to the closely related Arctic tern, but it is stockier, and it is in its breeding plumage in the southern summer, when the Arctic tern has shed old feathers to get its non-breeding plumage. The Antarctic tern does not migrate like the Arctic tern does, but it can still be found on a very large range. This tern species is actually more closely related to the South American tern. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Sterna
Scientific:
  Sterna vittata


Original description

Citation:
  Gmelin, JF 1789

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 1 pt2 p.609

Protonym:
  Sterna vittata

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656102


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  E9C409B5919B2136

Avibase ID:
  avibase-E9C409B5

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/E9C409B5


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176920

Geographic range:

  • Sterna vittata vittata: breeds Prince Edward Island, Marion Island, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen islands, and Heard Island (southern Indian Ocean)
  • Sterna vittata tristanensis: breeds Tristan da Cunha and, Gough Islands (South Atlantic)
  • Sterna vittata sanctipauli: breeds Amsterdam and St. Paul Islands (southern Indian Ocean)
  • Sterna vittata georgiae: breeds South Georgia Island, South Orkney Islands, South Sandwich Islands, and Bouvet Island
  • Sterna vittata gaini: breeds South Shetland Islands, also on the Antarctic Peninsula (south to Marguerite Bay)
  • Sterna vittata bethunei: breeds Stewart Island, Snares Islands, Auckland Islands, Campbell Island, Macquarie Island, Bounty Islands, and Antipodes Islands
  • Show more...
English:
Antarctic Tern
Catalan:
Xatrac antàrtic
Czech:
rybák jižní
Danish:
Sydhavsterne
German:
Antarktisseeschwalbe
Spanish:
Charrán Antártico
Spanish (Spain):
Charrán Antártico
Finnish:
eteläntiira
French:
Sterne couronnée
Croatian:
antarktička čigra
Hungarian:
antarktiszi csér
Icelandic:
Svalþerna
Italian:
Sterna antartica
Japanese (romaji):
nankyokuajisashi
Japanese:
ナンキョクアジサシ
Lithuanian:
Antarktinė žuvėdra
Dutch:
Zuidpoolstern
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Sørhavsterne
Norwegian:
Sørhavsterne
Polish:
rybitwa antarktyczna
Portuguese:
trinta-réis-antártico
Portuguese (Brazil):
trinta-réis-antártico
Russian:
Антарктическая крачка
Slovak:
rybár rajský
Serbian:
Antarktička čigra
Swedish:
antarktistärna
Ukrainian:
Крячок антарктичний
Chinese:
南极燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
南極燕鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Sterne couronnée ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Sterne couronnée ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 1.52:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 1.53:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 1.55:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
eBird version 2022:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Sterna vittata [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Sterna vittata [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Sterna vittata [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Antarctic Tern ( Sterna vittata) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna vittata [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sterna vittata [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Grysborsseeswael , Grysborsseeswael (Grysborssterretjie), Grysborssterretjie
Azerbaijani: Antarktik susüpürəni
Bulgarian: Антарктическа рибарка
Bengali: ি঄যািাকিটিকায ঩ানচচর
Bengali (transliteration): ayānṭārkaṭikāra pānacila*
Catalan: Xatrac antàrtic
Czech: Rybák jižní
Danish: Sydhavsterne
German: Antarktik Seeschwalbe, Antarktikseeschwalbe, Antarktisseeschwalbe, Antipodenseeschwalbe, Antipoden-Seeschwalbe, Gabelschwanz-Seeschwalbe
English: Antarctic Tern, Swallow-tailed Tern, Wreathed Tern
English, HBW: Antarctic Tern
English (IOC): Antarctic Tern
English (United States): Antarctic Tern
Esperanto: antarkta ŝterno
Spanish: Charrán antártico, Gaviotín, Gaviotín antártico, Gaviotín Antártico de Georgia del Sur, Gaviotín Antártico de Shetland del Sur
Spanish (Argentine): Charrán antártico, Gaviotín, Gaviotín antártico
Spanish (Chile): Charrán antártico, Gaviotín, Gaviotín antártico
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Antártico
Spanish (HBW): Antarctic Tern
Spanish (Uruguay): Charrán antártico, Gaviotín, Gaviotín antártico, Gaviotín Antártico de Georgia del Sur, Gaviotín Antártico de Shetland del Sur
Estonian: lõunatiir
Finnish: Eteläntiira
French: Sterne couronnée, Sterne subantarctique
Croatian: antarktička čigra
Hungarian: antarktiszi csér
Icelandic: Svalþerna
Italian: Sterna antartica
Japanese (romaji): nankyokuajisashi
Japanese: ナンキョクアジサシ
Kirghiz: Антарктика чабакчылы
Scientific: Sterna antistropha, Sterna macrura antistropha, Sterna vittata, Sterna vittata vittata
Lithuanian: Antarktinė žuvėdra
Dutch: Antarctische Stern, Zuidpoolstern
Norwegian Nynorsk: Sørhavsterne
Norwegian: Sørhavsterne
Polish: rybitwa antarktyczna
Portuguese: Gaivina artica, Gaivina-antárctica, Trinta-réis-antartico, trinta-réis-antártico
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-reis-antartico, Trinta-réis-antártico
Portuguese (Portugal): andorinha-do-mar-antárctica, Trinta-reis-antárctico
Russian: Антарктическая крачка
Slovak: Rybár rajský
Serbian: Antarktička čigra
Swedish: Antarktistärna
Turkish: Antarktika sumrusu
Ukrainian: Крячок антарктичний
Chinese: 南极燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 南極燕鷗

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