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King Eider

Somateria spectabilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

The King Eider (pronounced /ˈ.dər/) (Somateria spectabilis) is a large sea duck that breeds along Northern Hemisphere Arctic coasts of northeast Europe, North America and Asia. The birds spend most of the year in coastal marine ecosystems at high latitudes, and migrate to Arctic tundra to breed in June and July. They lay four to seven eggs in a scrape on the ground lined with grass and down. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Somateria

Scientific:
  Somateria spectabilis

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas spectabilis

Avibase ID:
  F3D7491432CC59E7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/F3D74914

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175160

Geographic range:

  • Somateria spectabilis: Arctic Eurasia and n North America
English:
King Eider
Czech:
kajka královská
German:
Prachteiderente
Danish:
Kongeederfugl
Spanish:
Éider real
Finnish:
kyhmyhaahka
French:
Eider à tête grise
Icelandic:
Æðarkóngur
Italian:
Re degli edredoni
Japanese:
kewatagamo
Japanese:
ケワタガモ
Dutch:
Koningseider
Norwegian:
Praktærfugl
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Praktærfugl
Polish:
turkan
Portuguese:
Eider-real
Russian:
Гага-гребенушка
Slovak:
kajka hrbozobá
Swedish:
praktejder
Ukrainian:
Пухівка горбатодзьоба
Chinese:
王绒鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Eider à tête grise ( Somateria spectabilis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Eider à tête grise ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 1st edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 3rd edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 4th edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2015:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2016:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2017:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2018:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Clements, version 2019:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.50:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.52:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.53:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.54:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 1.55:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2015:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2016:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2017:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2018:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
eBird version 2019:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Oriental Bird Club:
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
James Lee Peters:
Somateria spectabilis
James Lee Peters (original):
Somateria spectabilis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Somateria spectabilis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
King Eider ( Somateria spectabilis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria spectabilis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Somateria spectabilis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Èider reial, Eùider reial
Valencian: Èider reial
Czech: Kajka královská
Welsh: Hwyaden fwythblu big-goch, Hwyaden fwythblu'r gogledd
Danish: Kongederfugl, Kongeedderfugl, Kongeederfugl
German: Prachteiderente
English: Crested Eider, King Eider
English (IOC): King Eider
Esperanto: Re^ga molanaso, Reĝa molanaso
Spanish: Eider Real, Éider real, Eidero rey
Spanish (Spain): Eider Real
Spanish (HBW): Eider real
Estonian: kuninghahk, Kuninghauk
Basque: Eider erregea, Èider reial
Finnish: Kyhmyhaahka
Faroese: Æðukongur
French: Eider à tête grise, Eider remarquable, Eider royal
Irish: Éadar Taibhseach
Galician: Éider real, Èider reial
Hebrew: אדרית מלכותית
Croatian: Kraljevska gavka
Hungarian: Cifra pehelyréce
Icelandic: Æðarkóngur
Italian: Re degli Edredoni
Inuktitut: Kingalik, Meetuk
Japanese: kewatagamo, Kewata-gamo
Japanese: ケワタガモ
Japanese (Kanji): 毛綿鴨
Kazakh: Гага, Мамыққаз
Korean: 호사북방오리
Scientific: Anas spectabilis, Somateria spectabilis
Lithuanian: Skiauteretoji gaga, Skiauterėtoji gaga
Latvian: Krāšņā pūkpīle
Dutch: Koningseider, Koningseidereend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Praktærfugl
Norwegian: É-konge, Praktærfugl
Polish: (edredon) turkan, edredon turkan, turkan
Pinyin: wáng róng-yā
Portuguese: Eider-de-lunetas, Eider-real, Êider-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Êider-real
Russian: Gaga-grebyonushka, Гага-гребенушка
Northern Sami: Áhpehávda
Slovak: kajka hrbozobá, kajka kráľovská
Slovenian: pisana gaga
Serbian: Kraljevska gavka
Swedish: Praktejder
Turkish: Süslü Pufla
Ukrainian: Пухівка горбатодзьоба
Chinese: [wang rong-ya], 王绒鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 小絨鴨, 王絨鴨

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