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Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle

Aquila [rapax or vindhiana] (= Aquila rapax) (Temminck, CJ 1828)

The tawny eagle is a large bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Its heavily feathered legs illustrate it to be a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, also known as "booted eagles". Tawny eagles have an extensive but discontinuous breeding range that constitutes much of the African continent as well as the Indian subcontinent, with rare residency occurring in the southern Middle East. Throughout its range, it favours open dry habitats such as semideserts, deserts steppes, or savanna plains. Despite its preference for areas of aridity, the species seldom occurs in areas where trees are entirely absent. It is a resident breeder which lays one to three eggs in a stick nest mostly commonly in the crown of a tree. The tawny eagle is perhaps the most highly opportunistic of all of its taxonomic clan, and often scavenges on carrion or engages in kleptoparasitism towards other carnivorous animals but is also a bold and active predator, often of relatively large and diverse prey. It is estimated that tawny eagles can reach the age of 16 years old. Nonetheless, precipitous declines have been detected throughout the tawny eagle's range. Numerous factors, particularly loss of nesting habitat due to logging and global warming, as well as persecution and other anthropogenic mortality are driving the once numerous tawny eagle perhaps to the brink of extinction. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Aquila
Scientific:
  Aquila rapax


Original description

Citation:
  (Temminck, CJ 1828)

Reference:
   Nouv. Recueil Pl. Color. Ois. livr.76[=77] pl.455

Protonym:
  Falco rapax


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  F6D547B28875698E

Avibase ID:
  avibase-F6D547B2

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/F6D547B2


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175415


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Aquila rapax rapax: southern Kenya and Democratic Republic of the Congo to Angola, Namibia and South Africa
  • Aquila rapax belisarius: Morocco and Algeria; s Arabia and w Africa to n Kenya
  • Aquila vindhiana: Locally in Pakistan, India and s Nepal
English:
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle
French:
Aigle ravisseur ou A. indien


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle ( Aquila [rapax or vindhiana])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle ravisseur ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Aquila rapax [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila rapax [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aquila rapax [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Aquila [rapax, vindhiana or nipalensis]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Roofarend
Arabic: عقاب السهول, عقاب صحماء
Azerbaijani: Çöl qartalı
Belarusian: Саванавы арол
Bulgarian: Блед орел, Обикновен степен орел, Степен орел
Bengali: তামাটে ঈগল
Catalan: Àguila calçada, Àguila d'estapa, Àguila rapaç
Valencian: Àguila calçada
Czech: orel okrový, Orel stepní, orel stepní západosibiřský
Welsh: Eryr rheibus
Danish: Afrikansk Rovørn, Rovørn, Steppeørn
German: Raubadler, Savannenadler, Steppenadler
Greek: Αμμόχρωμος Στεπαετός, Αφρικαvικός στεπαετός, Στεπαετός
English: Steppe Eagle, Tawny Asian Tawny Eagle, Tawny Eagle, Tawny or Asian Tawny Eagle
English, HBW: Tawny Eagle
English (IOC): Tawny Eagle
English (Kenya): Tawny Eagle
English (United States): Tawny Eagle
Esperanto: Rabaglo
Spanish: Aguila Rapaz, Águila Rapaz
Spanish (Spain): Águila Rapaz
Spanish (HBW): Águila rapaz
Estonian: savannikotkas, Stepikotkas
Basque: Arrano nagi
Persian: عقاب خاکی , عقاب خاکی (دشتی)
Finnish: Arokotka, savannikotka
French: Aigle ravisseur, Aigle ravisseur ou A. indien
Frisian: Savanne-earn
Irish: Iolar odhar
Galician: Aguia rapace
Hebrew: עיט סואנות, עיט סוואנות, עיט ערבות
Croatian: Savanski orao, Stepski orao
Hungarian: Pusztai sas, szavannasas
Armenian: Տափաստանային Արծիվ
Icelandic: Hræörn
Italian: Aquila rapace
Japanese (romaji): afurika sōgen washi, afurikasougenwashi, sameiroinuwashi, Sameiroinu-washi
Japanese: アフリカソウゲンワシ
Japanese (Kanji): アフリカ草原鷲
Georgian: ველის არწივი
Kazakh: Дала қыраны
Korean: 초원수리
Kwangali: Ngongo
Scientific: Aquila [rapax or vindhiana], Aquila rapax, Aquila rapax rapax, Falco rapax
Lithuanian: Azijinis erelis, Stepinis erelis
Latvian: savannu ērglis, Stepes ērglis
Macedonian: Савански орел
Mongolian: Тарважи
Marathi: पिंगट गरुड
Nepali: राग महाचील
Dutch: Savannearend, Steppearend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Savanneørn
Norwegian: Hræørn, Savanneørn
Sotho, Northern: Ntshukôbôkôbô
Polish: orzel sawannowy, orzeł sawannowy, Orzeł stepowy
Pinyin: chá-sè diāo
Portuguese: Águia-fulva, Águia-rapace
Portuguese (Portugal): Águia-fulva
Rhaeto-Romance: Evla da la savanna
Romanian: Acvilă de savană
Russian: Саванный орёл, Степной орел, Степной орёл
Northern Sami: Savánnagoaskin
Slovak: orol bronzový, Orol stepný
Slovenian: roparski orel
Shona: Gondo
Albanian: Shqiponja grabitqare
Serbian: Savanski orao, Степски орао
Siswant: Lusoti
Sotho, Southern: Ntsu
Swedish: Savannörn, Stäppörn
Swahili: Tai Msasi
Tamil: Aaalipparundhu
Thai: นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาล, นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลเล็ก
Thai (Transliteration): nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan, nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan lék
Tswana: Ntsu
Turkish: Bozkır kartalı, Korsan Kartal, Yırtıcı kartal
Tsonga: Ghama
Tuvinian: Хову эзири
Ukrainian: Орел рудий, Орел степовий , Степовий орел
Vietnamese: Chim Đại bàng nâu
Xhosa: Ukhozi
Chinese: 茶色, 茶色雕, 草原雕, 草原鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 茶色鵰, 草原鵰

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