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Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri]

Alaudala [rufescens or heini, excl. niethammeri] (= Alaudala rufescens) (Vieillot, LJP 1819)

The Mediterranean short-toed lark is a small passerine bird found in and around the Mediterranean Basin. It is a common bird with a very wide range from Canary Islands north to the Iberian Peninsula and east throughout North Africa to parts of the Middle East. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Alaudidae
Genus:
   Alaudala
Scientific:
  Alaudala rufescens


Original description

Citation:
  (Vieillot, LJP 1819)

Reference:
   Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Nat. Orn. 1 p.322

Protonym:
  A[lauda] rufescens

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19431087


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  F8736B1065D2A130

Avibase ID:
  avibase-F8736B10

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/F8736B10


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 558985

Geographic range:

  • Alaudala rufescens [rufescens or polatzeki]: Canary Islands (Tenerife, where perhaps extirpated, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote)
  • Alaudala rufescens [minor or nicolli]: northern Africa (from Morocco east to Egypt) and from southern Turkey south to the Sinai Peninsula and east to Iraq
  • Alaudala rufescens apetzii: S Iberian Peninsula
  • Alaudala heinei [heinei or pseudobaetica]: breeds from Ukraine and eastern Turkey east to eastern Kazakhstan and (disjunctly?) to southern Mongolia; wintering in the Middle East and southwestern Asia
  • Alaudala heinei persica: S Iraq and Iran to se Afghanistan
  • Show more...
English:
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri]
French:
Alouette pispolette ou A. de Heine [excl. niethammeri]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala [rufescens or heini, excl. niethammeri])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala [rufescens or heini, excl. niethammeri])
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Alouette pispolette ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Clements 3rd edition:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
Clements 4th edition:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
eBird version 1.52:
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser) ( Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 1.53:
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser) ( Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser) ( Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 1.55:
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser) ( Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser) ( Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group]) [version 2]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
Oriental Bird Club:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens)
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Calandrella rufescens [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Alaudala [rufescens, heini or cheleensis]

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Arabic: القبرة الصغيرة
Azerbaijani: Boz torağayı
Bulgarian: Сива чучулига
Catalan: Terrerola rogenca, Terrola de prat
Catalan (Balears): Terrola de prat
Czech: Skrivánek menší, skřivánek menší
Welsh: Ehedydd llwyd lleiaf
Danish: Dværglærke
German: Stummellerche, Stummel-Lerche
Greek: Μικρογαλιάντρα της Ερήμου, Στικτοτρασιηλούδα
Greek (Cypriot): Στικτοτρασιηλούδα
English: Common Short-toed Lark, Gray Lark, Grey Lark, Lesser Short-toed Lark, Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser), Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri], Rufous Short-toed Lark, Short-toed Lark
Esperanto: Malgranda alaŭdo
Spanish: Terrera Marismeña
Spanish (Spain): Terrera Marismeña
Estonian: kõnnu-väikelõoke
Basque: Terrerola rogenca , Txoriandre pispoleta
Persian: چکاوک آسیایی
Finnish: Pikkukiuru
French: Alouette à tête rousse, Alouette pispolette, Alouette pispolette (rufescens), Alouette pispolette ou A. de Heine [excl. niethammeri]
Irish: MionFhuiseog Ladharghearr
Galician: Calandriña das marismas, Terrerola rogenca
Hebrew: עפרונן גמד, עפרונן גמדי
Hungarian: csíkos szikipacsirta
Armenian: [Mokhraguyn Artuyt ], Մոխրագույն Արտույտ
Icelandic: Stúflævirki
Italian: Calandrina, Pispoletta
Japanese (romaji): kohibari, Ko-hibari, kohibari (rufescens guru-pu)
Japanese: コヒバリ, コヒバリ (rufescens グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 小雲雀
Georgian: მცირე მოკლეთითა ტოროლა
Kazakh: Сұр бозторғай
Kazakh (Transliteration): sur boz-torğay
Korean: 북방쇠종다리
Scientific: A[lauda] rufescens, Alauda rufescens, Alaudala [rufescens or heini, excl. niethammeri], Alaudala rufescens, Alaudala rufescens minor, Alaudala rufescens rufescens, Calandrella minor, Calandrella pispoletta, Calandrella rufescens, Calandrella rufescens [rufescens Group], Calandrella rufescens rufescens, Calandritis minor
Lithuanian: Pilkasis trumpapirštis vieversys, Pilkasis vieversys
Latvian: mazais cīrulis
Mongolian: Орог бор бялзуумар, Орог жиргэмэл
Mongolian (Transliteration): orog bor byalzuumar, orog jireg mel
Moldavian: Ciocârlie mică
Maltese: Bilbla Sekonda
Dutch: Kleine kortteen leeuwerik, Kleine Kortteenleeuwerik, Kleine Kortteenleeuwerik (rufescens groep)
Norwegian: Flekkdverglerke
Polish: skowronczyk maly, Skowrończyk mały, Skowronek karłowaty
Pinyin: xiǎo duǎn-zhǐ bǎi-líng
Portuguese: Calhandrinha-das-marismas, calhandrinha das marismas
Portuguese (Portugal): Calhandrinha-das-marismas
Romansh: lodola da la detta curta nanina
Romanian: Ciocârlie mică
Russian: Жаворонок серый, Серый жаворонок, Серый малый жаворонок
Slovak: škovránka malá
Slovenian: mali škrjancek, mali škrjanček, mali škrjanec
Serbian: Španska ševa, Шпанска шева
Swedish: Dvärglärka
Turkish: Çorak Toygarı, çorak toygary, Küçük Kısa-Parmak Tarla Kuşu, Сұр бозторғай
Ukrainian: Жайворонок сірий , Сірий жайворонок
Chinese: 小沙百灵, 小短趾百灵
Chinese (Traditional): 小短趾百靈

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