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Hamerkop

Scopus umbretta Gmelin, JF 1789

The hamerkop, is a medium-sized wading bird. It is the only living species in the genus Scopus and the family Scopidae. The species and family was long thought to sit with the Ciconiiformes but is now placed with the Pelecaniformes, and its closest relatives are thought to be the pelicans and the shoebill. The shape of its head with a long bill and crest at the back is reminiscent of a hammer, which has given this species its name after the Afrikaans word for hammerhead. It is a medium-sized waterbird with brown plumage. It is found in Africa, Madagascar and Arabia, living in a wide variety of wetlands, including estuaries, lakesides, fish ponds, riverbanks, and rocky coasts. The hamerkop is a sedentary bird that often shows local movements. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Scopidae
Genus:
   Scopus
Scientific:
  Scopus umbretta


Original description

Citation:
  Gmelin, JF 1789

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 1 pt2 p.618

Protonym:
  Scopus Umbretta

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656111


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  FC10F6ED31D29188

Avibase ID:
  avibase-FC10F6ED

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/FC10F6ED


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174894

Geographic range:

  • Scopus umbretta umbretta: Tropical Africa, Madagascar and sw Arabia
  • Scopus umbretta minor: Coastal w Africa (Sierra Leone to w Cameroon)
English:
Hamerkop
Catalan:
Ocell martell
Czech:
kladivouš africký
Danish:
Hammerhoved
German:
Hammerkopf
Spanish:
Avemartillo
Spanish (Spain):
Avemartillo
Finnish:
vasarapäähaikara
French:
Ombrette africaine
Croatian:
batoglavka
Hungarian:
gogó
Icelandic:
Skuggafugl
Italian:
Umbretta
Japanese (romaji):
shumokudori
Japanese:
シュモクドリ
Lithuanian:
Kūjagalvis
Dutch:
Hamerkop
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Skuggefugl
Norwegian:
Skyggefugl
Polish:
waruga
Portuguese:
Pássaro-martelo
Russian:
Молотоглав
Slovak:
takatra tmavá
Serbian:
Čaplja batoglavka
Swedish:
skuggstork
Ukrainian:
Молотоголов
Chinese:
锤头鹳
Chinese (Traditional):
錘頭鸛


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Ombrette africaine ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Ombrette africaine ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Hammerhead ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Hammerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Scopus umbretta [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Scopus umbretta [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Scopus umbretta [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Hamerkop ( Scopus umbretta) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Scopus umbretta [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Scopus umbretta [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Hamerkop
Azerbaijani: çəkicbaş
Bashkir: сүкешбаш селән
Bulgarian: Чукоглава чапла
Bengali: ঴াতুচড়ভাথা
Bengali (transliteration): hātuṛimāthā
Catalan: Au martell, Ocell martell
Czech: Kladivouš africký
Welsh: Pen morthwyl
Danish: Hammerfugl, Hammerhoved
German: Hammerkopf, Schattenvogel
Greek: Σφυρoκέφαλoς
English: Hamerkop, Hammer head, Hammercop, Hammerhead, Hammerhead Stork, Hammer-headed Stork, Hammerkop
English, HBW: Hamerkop
English (IOC): Hamerkop
English (Kenya): Hamerkop
English (United States): Hamerkop
Esperanto: Martelbirdo, Skopo
Spanish: Ave Martillo, Avemartillo
Spanish (Spain): Avemartillo
Spanish (HBW): Hamerkop
Estonian: vasarpea
Basque: Hegazti mailuburu
Finnish: Varjohaikara, vasarapäähaikara
French: Ombrette, Ombrette africaine, Ombrette du Sénégal
Frisian: Hammerkop
Irish: Ceann casúir
Galician: Paxaro martelo
Hebrew: פטישן
Croatian: batoglavka
Hungarian: gogó
Icelandic: Skuggafugl
Italian: Uccello martello, Umbretta
Japanese (romaji): shumokudori
Japanese: シュモクドリ
Kazakh: балға бас
Karachay-Balkar: теппели чилле, теппели чилле чыпчыкъ
Kwangali: Mfune
Kirghiz: керкибаш
Scientific: Scops europeus, Scopus umbretta, Scopus umbretta umbretta
Lithuanian: Kūjagalvis, Kūjagalvis gandras
Latvian: āmurgalvis
Malagasy: akoholahinala, Takatra, Takatsy
Dutch: Hamerkop
Norwegian Nynorsk: Skuggefugl
Norwegian: Skyggefugl
Polish: waruga
Portuguese: Ave-martelo, Pássaro-martelo
Portuguese (Portugal): cabeça-de-martelo, Pássaro-martelo
Rhaeto-Romance: Utschè-martè
Romanian: Pasăre ciocan
Russian: Молотоглав, Молотоглавая цапля, Молотоголовая цапля
Northern Sami: Suoivanloddi
Slovak: Takatra tmavá
Slovenian: Senčar
Shona: vaKondo
Serbian: Čaplja batoglavka
Siswant: Tsekwane
Sotho, Southern: Mamasianoke
Swedish: Skuggstork
Swahili: Msingwe
Tswana: Mmamasiloanokê
Turkish: Çekiçgaga, Çekiçkafa, Gölgekuşu
Tsonga: Mandonzwana
Tatar: чүкечбаш
Ukrainian: Молотоголов
Uzbek: болғабош
Xhosa: Uqhimngqoshe
Chinese: 锤头鹳
Chinese (Traditional): 錘頭鸛
Zulu: uThekwane

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