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Hawaiian Crake

Zapornia sandwichensis (Gmelin, JF 1789)

The Hawaiian rail, Hawaiian spotted rail, or Hawaiian crake is an extinct species of diminutive rail that lived on Big Island of Hawaiʻi. Source: Wikipedia

Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Rallidae
Genus:
   Zapornia
Scientific:
  Zapornia sandwichensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF 1789)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 1 pt2 p.717

Protonym:
  Rallus Sandwichensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656210


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  FC472EB7C3085B12

Avibase ID:
  avibase-FC472EB7

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/FC472EB7


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176257


EXTINCT

Geographic range:

  • Zapornia sandwichensis: Formerly Hawaii. Extinct; last reported 1844
English:
Hawaiian Crake
Catalan:
Rasclet de Hawaii
Czech:
chřástal havajský
Danish:
Hawaiirørvagtel
German:
Hawaiisumpfhuhn
Spanish:
Polluela Hawaiana
Spanish (Spain):
Polluela Hawaiana
Finnish:
havaijinhuitti
French:
Marouette des Hawaï
Croatian:
havajska štijoka
Hungarian:
hawaii vízicsibe
Icelandic:
Rjóðurrella
Italian:
Schiribilla delle Hawaii
Japanese (romaji):
hawaikuina
Japanese:
ハワイクイナ
Lithuanian:
Havajinė švygžda
Dutch:
Hawaiiral
Norwegian:
Hawaiirikse
Polish:
kureczka hawajska
Portuguese:
Sanã-do-havaí
Russian:
Гавайский погоныш
Slovak:
chriašť moho
Serbian:
Havajski barski petlić (izumro)
Swedish:
hawaiisumphöna
Ukrainian:
Погонич гавайський
Chinese:
夏威夷秧鸡
Chinese (Traditional):
夏威夷田雞1893滅絕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Hawaiian Crake ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Marouette des Hawaï ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Marouette des Hawaï ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2021:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Clements 3rd edition:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 4th edition:
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2015:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2016:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2017:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2018:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Clements, version 2019:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
eBird version 1.50:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 1.52:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 1.53:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 1.54:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 1.55:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 2015:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
eBird version 2016:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
eBird version 2017:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
eBird version 2018:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
eBird version 2019:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
eBird version 2021:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Hawaiian Rail ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Pennula sandwichensis
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Pennula sandwichensis
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Pennula sandwichensis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Hawaiian Crake ( Porzana sandwichensis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Hawaiian Rail ( Zapornia sandwichensis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Porzana sandwichensis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Porzana sandwichensis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ঴াওয়ািআয়ান চঝচি
Bengali (transliteration): hā'ōẏā'iẏāna jhilli
Catalan: Rasclet de Hawaii
Czech: chřástal havajský
Danish: Hawaiirørvagtel
German: Hawai'i-Ralle, Hawaii-Ralle, Hawaiisumpfhuhn
English: Dusky Rail, Hawaiian Crake, Hawaiian Rail, Hawaiian spotted rail, Moho Rail, Sandwich Crake
English (Hawaii): Moho ʻea - Hawaiian Rail
English, HBW: Hawaiian Rail
English, Hawaii: Moho ʻea - Hawaiian Rail
English (IOC): Hawaiian Rail
English (United States): Hawaiian Rail
Esperanto: Sandviĉa porzano
Spanish: Polluela de Hawai, Polluela Hawaiana, Polluela Turura, Rascón hawaiano
Spanish (Spain): Polluela Hawaiana
Spanish (HBW): Hawaiian Rail
Estonian: hawaii huik
Finnish: Havaijinhuitti
French: Marouette de Hawaï, Marouette des Hawaï, Râle de Hawaii, Râle des Hawaï
Croatian: havajska štijoka
Hungarian: hawaii vízicsibe
Icelandic: Rjóðurrella
Italian: Schiribilla delle Hawaii
Japanese (romaji): hawaikuina
Japanese: ハウァイクィナ, ハワイクイナ
Scientific: Corethrura sandwichensis, Pennula sandwichensis, Pennula Wilsoni, Porzana sandwichensis, Rallus sanduicensis, Rallus Sandwichensis, Zapornia sandwichensis
Lithuanian: Havajinė švygžda
Dutch: Hawaiiral, Hawaii-ral
Norwegian: Hawaiirikse
Polish: kureczka hawajska
Portuguese: Sanã-do-havaí
Portuguese (Portugal): franga-d'água-do-havai
Russian: Гавайский погоныш
Slovak: chriašť moho
Serbian: Havajski barski petlić, Havajski barski petlić (izumro)
Swedish: Hawaiisumphöna
Turkish: Hawaii yelvesi
Ukrainian: Погонич гавайський
Chinese: 夏威夷秧鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 夏威夷田雞, 夏威夷田雞1893滅絕

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