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White-crowned Forktail

Enicurus leschenaulti (Vieillot, LJP 1818)

The white-crowned forktail is a species of forktail in the family Muscicapidae. Scientifically described in 1818, it has six subspecies, each occupying a different geographic range. The largest of the forktails, Enicurus leschenaulti, is between 25 and 28 centimetres long. It has a black throat and breast, black mantle, and largely black wings. The rump and lower back are white, and the bird has a prominent white crown, from which it gets its name. As with other forktails, the tail is long, deeply forked, and banded in black and white. A variety of whistling and clicking calls have been described. Slight morphological differences have been observed between subspecies. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Muscicapidae
Genus:
   Enicurus
Scientific:
  Enicurus leschenaulti


Original description

Citation:
  (Vieillot, LJP 1818)

Reference:
   Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. nouv. éd. 20 p.269

Protonym:
  Turdus Leschenaulti

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18041095


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  FC7AF7E693BC4645

Avibase ID:
  avibase-FC7AF7E6

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/FC7AF7E6


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 559911

Geographic range:

  • Enicurus leschenaulti leschenaulti: Java and Bali
  • Enicurus leschenaulti frontalis: Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Nias Island, and lowlands of Borneo
  • Enicurus leschenaulti chaseni: Tanahmasa I. (Batu Islands off w Sumatra)
  • Enicurus leschenaulti sinensis: W and s China; Hainan
  • Enicurus leschenaulti indicus: Himalayas of ne India to Myanmar, n Thailand and Indochina
  • Show more...
English:
White-crowned Forktail
Catalan:
enicur de Leschenault
Czech:
drozdek bělohlavý
Danish:
Sortbrystet Kløfthale
German:
Weißscheitel-Scherenschwanz
Spanish:
Torrentero coroniblanco
Finnish:
sukeltajahaarapyrstö
French:
Énicure de Leschenault
Croatian:
velika rašljorepka
Hungarian:
fehérfejű villásrigó
Italian:
Codaforcuta capobianco
Japanese (romaji):
enbi shiki-chō
Japanese:
エンビシキチョウ
Lithuanian:
Baltavainikis šakotuodegis strazdas
Dutch:
Witkruinvorkstaart
Norwegian:
Hvitkronekløftstjert
Polish:
widłogon białoczuby
Portuguese:
torrenteiro-de-coroa-branca
Russian:
Белошапочная вилохвостка
Slovak:
vidličiarka korunkatá
Serbian:
Belokapa rašljorepka
Swedish:
vitkronad klyvstjärt
Ukrainian:
Вилохвістка білочуба
Chinese:
白冠燕尾
Chinese (Traditional):
白額燕尾


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [leschenaulti Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [leschenaulti Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [leschenaulti Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [frontalis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [frontalis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [frontalis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned) ( Enicurus leschenaulti [frontalis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
White-crowned Forktail ( Enicurus leschenaulti) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Enicurus [leschenaulti or borneensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ধলাচাঁদি চেরালেজ
Catalan: enicur de Leschenault
Czech: drozdek bělohlavý
Danish: Sortbrystet Kløfthale
German: Weißscheitel-Scherenschwanz, Weißscheitel-Scherenschwanz [frontalis-Gruppe]
English: White-crowned Forktail, White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned)
English, HBW: White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned)
English (IOC): White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned)
English (United States): White-crowned Forktail (White-crowned)
Esperanto: Blankakrona forkovostulo
Spanish: Torrentero Coroniblanco, Torrentero Coroniblanco (grupo frontalis)
Spanish (Spain): Torrentero Coroniblanco, Torrentero coroniblanco (grupo frontalis)
Estonian: sukel-käärsaba
Finnish: sukeltajahaarapyrstö
French: Énicure de Leschenault, Énicure de Leschenault [frontalis], Énicure de Leschenault [nominal]
Croatian: velika rašljorepka
Hungarian: fehérfejű villásrigó
Indonesian: Burung Meninting Besar, Meninting Besar
Icelandic: Krúnuskotta [frontalis hópur]
Italian: Codaforcuta capobianco
Japanese (romaji): enbi shiki-chō, enbishikichou (frontalis guru-pu), enbishikichou (leschenaulti guru-pu)
Japanese: エンビシキチョウ, エンビシキチョウ (frontalis グループ), エンビシキチョウ (leschenaulti グループ), エンビシキチョウ(frontalis グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 燕尾四季鳥
Scientific: Enicurus coronatus, Enicurus leschenaulti, Enicurus leschenaulti [frontalis Group], Enicurus leschenaulti [leschenaulti Group], Enicurus leschenaulti leschenaulti, Turdus Leschenaulti
Lithuanian: Baltavainikis šakotuodegis strazdas
Latvian: baltgalvas dakšaste
Malay: Burung Cegar Dahi Putih, Burung Murai Cegar Belukar
Dutch: Witkruinvorkstaart, Witkruinvorkstaart (leschenaulti groep)
Norwegian: Hvitkronekløftstjert, hvitkronekløftstjert (frontalis gr.)
Polish: widłogon białoczuby, widłogon białoczuby [gr. frontalis]
Pinyin: bái-dǐng hēi-bèi yàn-wěi, bái-é yàn-wěi, bái-guān yàn-wěi
Portuguese: torrenteiro-de-coroa-branca
Portuguese (Portugal): torrenteiro-de-testa-branca [grupo frontalis]
Russian: Белохохлый пегий дрозд, Белошапочная вилохвостка, Белошапочная вилохвостка [группа frontalis]
Slovak: vidličiarka bieločelá (skup.), vidličiarka korunkatá
Serbian: Belokapa rašljorepka, Belokapa rašljorepka (obična)
Swedish: Vitkronad klyvstjärt, vitkronad klyvstjärt/borneoklyvstjärt [gruppen frontalis]
Thai: นกกางเขนน้ำหัวขาว, นกกางเขนน้ำหัวขาว (แผ่นดินใหญ่), นกกางเขนน้ำหัวขาวใต้
Thai (Transliteration): nók kaaŋ-kʰĕen-náam hŭa-kʰăaw
Turkish: Ak Alınlı Çatalkuyruk, Ak alınlı çatalkuyruk [frontalis grubu]
Ukrainian: Вилохвістка білочуба
Vietnamese: Chích chòe nước đầu trắng, Chim Chích chòe nước đầu trắng
Chinese: 白冠燕尾, 白冠燕尾(广布), 白顶黑背燕尾, 白额燕尾
Chinese (Traditional): 白冠燕尾, 白頂黑背燕尾, 白額燕尾

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