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Martial Eagle

Polemaetus bellicosus (Daudin, FM 1800)

The martial eagle is a large eagle native to sub-Saharan Africa. It is the only member of the genus Polemaetus. A species of the booted eagle subfamily (Aquilinae), it has feathering over its tarsus. One of the largest and most powerful species of booted eagle, it is a fairly opportunistic predator that varies its prey selection between mammals, birds and reptiles. Its hunting technique is unique as it is one of few eagle species known to hunt primarily from a high soar, by stooping on its quarry. An inhabitant of wooded belts of otherwise open savanna, this species has shown a precipitous decline in the last few centuries due to a variety of factors. The martial eagle is one of the most persecuted bird species in the world. Due to its habit of taking livestock and regionally valuable game, local farmers and game wardens frequently seek to eliminate martial eagles, although the effect of eagles on this prey is almost certainly considerably exaggerated. Currently, the martial eagle is classified with the status of Endangered by the IUCN. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Polemaetus
Scientific:
  Polemaetus bellicosus


Original description

Citation:
  (Daudin, FM 1800)

Reference:
   Traité Élém. Compl. Orn. 2 p.38

Protonym:
  Falco bellicosus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39475994


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  FDA2E4A325A048FF

Avibase ID:
  avibase-FDA2E4A3

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/FDA2E4A3


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175587


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Polemaetus bellicosus: Savanna and thornbush of Africa south of the Sahara
English:
Martial Eagle
Catalan:
Àguila marcial
Czech:
orel bojovný
Danish:
Kampørn
German:
Kampfadler
Spanish:
Águila Marcial
Spanish (Spain):
Águila Marcial
Finnish:
gasellikotka
French:
Aigle martial
Croatian:
veliki orao
Hungarian:
vitézsas
Icelandic:
Vígörn
Italian:
Aquila marziale
Japanese (romaji):
gomabarawashi
Japanese:
ゴマバラワシ
Lithuanian:
Karingasis erelis
Dutch:
Vechtarend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kampørn
Norwegian:
Kampørn
Polish:
wojownik zbrojny
Portuguese:
Águia-marcial
Russian:
Воинственный орёл
Slovak:
orol bojovný
Serbian:
Ratnički orao
Swedish:
stridsörn
Ukrainian:
Орел-боєць
Chinese:
猛雕
Chinese (Traditional):
猛鵰


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle martial ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle martial ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 1st edition:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2021:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2022:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 4th edition:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2015:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2016:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2017:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2018:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Clements, version 2019:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 1.50:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 1.52:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 1.53:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 1.54:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 1.55:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2015:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2016:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2017:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2018:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2019:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2021:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
eBird version 2022:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Martial Eagle ( Hieraaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Martial Eagle ( Hieraaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Polemaetus bellicosus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Polemaëtus bellicosus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Polemaetus bellicosus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Polemaetus bellicosus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Polemaetus bellicosus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Breekoparend, Breëkoparend
Bulgarian: Маршалов орел
Catalan: Àguila marcial
Czech: Orel bojovný
Welsh: Eryr milwrol
Danish: Kampørn
German: Kampadler, Kampfadler
Greek: Πολεμαετός
English: Marshall eagle, Martial Eagle, Martial Hawk-Eagle
English, HBW: Martial Eagle
English (IOC): Martial Eagle
English (Kenya): Martial Eagle
English (United States): Martial Eagle
Esperanto: Militaglo
Spanish: Aguila Marcial, Águila Marcial
Spanish (Spain): Águila Marcial
Spanish (HBW): Martial Eagle
Estonian: kuningkotkas
Finnish: Gasellikotka, Taistelukotka
French: Aigle martial
Irish: Iolar comhraic
Galician: Aguia marcial
Hebrew: עיט לוחם, עיט לוחם אפריקאי
Croatian: veliki orao
Hungarian: vitézsas
Icelandic: Vígörn
Italian: Aquila marziale
Japanese (romaji): gomabarawashi
Japanese: ゴマバラワシ
Kwangali: Ngongo Gepampa
Scientific: Falco bellicosus, Hieraaetus bellicosus, Polemaeetus bellicosus, Polemaetus bellicosus, Polemaëtus bellicosus
Lithuanian: Karingasis erelis
Latvian: Marsa ērglis
Dutch: Vechtarend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kampørn
Norwegian: Kampørn
Polish: Wojnik zbrojny, wojownik zbrojny
Portuguese: Águia-marcial
Portuguese (Portugal): Águia-marcial
Rhaeto-Romance: Evla marziala
Romanian: Acvilă martială
Russian: Боевой Орел, Боевой орёл, воинственный орёл
Slovak: orol bojovný, Orol dravý
Slovenian: Bojni orel
Shona: Gondo
Serbian: Ratnički orao
Siswant: Lusotilolukhulu
Swedish: Stridsörn
Swahili: Tai Ngwilizi
Tswana: Ntsu
Turkish: Döğüşken kartal, Savaşçı kartal
Tsonga: Rikhozi
Tatar: сугыш бөркете, сугышчан каракош
Ukrainian: Орел-боєць
Xhosa: Ukhozi
Chinese: 猛雕
Chinese (Traditional): 猛鵰
Zulu: isiHuhwa

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