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Rufous Night-Heron

Nycticorax caledonicus (Gmelin, JF 1789)

The nankeen night heron is a heron that belongs to the genus Nycticorax and the family Ardeidae. Due to its distinctive reddish-brown colour, it is also commonly referred to as the rufous night heron. It is primarily nocturnal and is observed in a broad range of habitats, including forests, meadows, shores, reefs, marshes, grasslands, and swamps. The species is 55 to 65 cm in length, with rich cinnamon upperparts and white underparts. The nankeen night heron has a stable population size, and is classified as a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Ardeidae
Genus:
   Nycticorax
Scientific:
  Nycticorax caledonicus


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF 1789)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 1 pt2 p.626

Protonym:
  Ardea caledonica

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656119


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  FDD00863C1103132

Avibase ID:
  avibase-FDD00863

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/FDD00863


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174837

Geographic range:

  • Nycticorax caledonicus caledonicus: New Caledonia
  • Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris: formerly Bonin Islands; extinct since the late 1800s
  • Nycticorax caledonicus manillensis: Philippines, e Borneo and Sulawesi
  • Nycticorax caledonicus pelewensis: Palau and Caroline islands
  • Nycticorax caledonicus mandibularis: Bismarck Archipelago to Solomon Islands
  • Nycticorax caledonicus australasiae: Australia and New Guinea, west to Java
  • Show more...
English:
Rufous Night-Heron
Catalan:
Martinet de nit canyella
Czech:
kvakoš rezavý
Danish:
Rød Nathejre
German:
Rotrückenreiher
Spanish:
Martinete Canelo
Spanish (Spain):
Martinete Canelo
Finnish:
australianyöhaikara
French:
Bihoreau cannelle
Croatian:
riđi gak
Hungarian:
kaledón bakcsó
Icelandic:
Fenjahegri
Italian:
Nitticora rossiccia
Japanese (romaji):
hashibutogoi
Japanese:
ハシブトゴイ
Lithuanian:
Kaledoninis naktikovis
Dutch:
Rosse Kwak
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Nankinghegre
Norwegian:
Nankinghegre
Polish:
ślepowron rdzawy
Portuguese:
Savacu-canela
Russian:
Рыжая кваква
Slovak:
chavkoš hrdzavý
Serbian:
Riđi gak
Swedish:
rostnatthäger
Ukrainian:
Квак каледонський
Chinese:
棕夜鹭
Chinese (Traditional):
棕夜鷺


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Nankeen Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Bihoreau cannelle ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Bihoreau cannelle ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Nankeen Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Nankeen Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Rufous Night-heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Rufous Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Nycticorax caledonicus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Nycticorax caledonicus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Nycticorax caledonicus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Rufous Night-Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Nankeen Night Heron ( Nycticorax caledonicus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Nycticorax caledonicus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Nycticorax caledonicus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Kaledoniya qarıldağı
Bulgarian: Австралийска нощна чапла
Catalan: Martinet de nit canyella
Cebuano: lapay
Czech: Kvakoš rezavý
Danish: Rød Nathejre
German: Rotrücken-Nachtreiher, Rotrückenreih, Rotrückenreiher
English: Nankeen Heron, Nankeen Night Heron, Nankeen Night-Heron, Rufous night heron, Rufous Night-Heron
English (Australia): Nankeen Night-Heron
English, HBW: Rufous Night-heron
English (IOC): Nankeen Night Heron
English (New Zealand): Nankeen Night-Heron
English (Philippines): Rufous Night Heron
English (United States): Nankeen Night-Heron, Rufous Night-Heron
Esperanto: Oceania noktardeo, rufa noktardeo, Ruĝecbruna noktardeo
Spanish: Garza Nocturna Caledónica, Martinete Canelo
Spanish (Spain): Martinete Canelo
Spanish (HBW): Rufous Night-Heron
Estonian: puna-ööhaigur
Finnish: Australianyöhaikara
French: Bihoreau cannelle, Bihoreau marron
Croatian: riđi gak
Hungarian: kaledón bakcsó
Indonesian: Kowak merah, Kowakmalam Merah, Kowak-malam merah
Icelandic: Fenjahegri
Italian: Nitticora dei mari del Sud, Nitticora rossiccia
Japanese (romaji): hashi-buto goi, Hashibutogoi, Hashibuto-goi
Japanese: ハシブトゴイ
Japanese (Kanji): 嘴太五位
Kirghiz: Каледония түнчү кытаны
Scientific: Ardea caledonica, Nycticorax caledonicus, Nycticorax caledonicus caledonicus, Nycticorax calendonicus
Lithuanian: Kaledoninis naktikovis
Malay: Pucong Majam
Dutch: Rosse Kwak
Norwegian Nynorsk: Nankinghegre
Norwegian: Nankinghegre
Palauan: Melabaob
Polish: slepowron rdzawy, ślepowron rdzawy
Pinyin: zōng yè lù
Portuguese: Savacu-canela
Portuguese (Portugal): Goraz-canela, goraz-ruivo
Russian: Каледонская кваква, Кваква рыжая каледонская, Рыжая кваква
Slovak: Bučiak červenkastochrbtý, chavkoš hrdzavý
Serbian: Riđi gak
Swedish: Rostnatthäger
Turkish: Kızıl Gece Balıkçılı
Ukrainian: Квак каледонський
Chinese: 棕夜鷺, 棕夜鹭
Chinese (Traditional): 棕夜鷺
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 棕夜鷺
Chinese (Taiwan): 棕夜鹭

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